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Methodological approaches

Mass violence is one of the defining phenomena of the twentieth century, which some have even called the 'century of genocides'. The study of how the dead body is treated can lead us to an understanding of the impact of mass violence on contemporary societies. Corpses of mass violence and genocide, especially when viewed from a biopolitical perspective, force one to focus on the structures of the relations between all that participates in the enfolding case study. Argentina is an extraordinary laboratory in the domain of struggle against impunity and of 'restoration of the truth'. It constitutes a useful paradigm in the context of reflection on the corpses of mass violence. Its special character, in the immediate aftermath of the military dictatorship, is to test almost the entirety of juridical mechanisms in the handling of state crimes. The trigger for both the intercommunal violence and the civil war was the mass murders by the Ustaša. This book discusses the massacres carried out by the Ustaša in Croatia during the Second World War. After a brief presentation of the historical background, the massacres carried out by the Ustaša militia and their corpse disposal methods are described. Using Rwanda as a case study, the book proposes an agenda for ethnographic research to explore the relationship between concealment and display in contexts of genocide. This relationship is explored in detail after a discussion of the historical background to the 1994 genocide.

Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé
Joanna Kuper

’s Hidden Crisis , which recorded eighteen months of what it termed ‘intercommunal violence’ in the state of Jonglei ( Médecins Sans Frontières, 2012 ). According to the report, the disarmament campaign carried out by the Sudanese government, though ‘aimed at bringing security and stability to Jonglei’, had led instead to widespread insecurity, localised displacement and abuses ( ibid. : 1). The six health facilities run by MSF-H and MSF-Belgium in Jonglei

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Jason Klocek

return to intercommunal violence. They overwhelmingly frame the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities as unitary and static actors and focus more on political than societal tensions between the two groups. They often overlook cooperative initiatives that have emerged between the two communities in recent years, and they rarely consider variation within either society. This chapter applies a relational view of peace as an alternative way of understanding the Cyprus problem (Söderström et al. 2021 ; Jarstad et al., this volume

in Relational peace practices
Abstract only
Aaron Edwards

cleavages. Cyprus provides another example of an island blighted by division between two ethnic groups with conflicting national identities and where conflict management has been complicated by the effects of partition. Intercommunal violence here has ‘weakened the influence of institutions such as the trade unions that had succeeded in bridging the divide between the communities’. 16 Yet despite the entrenched nature of the island’s political culture Anorthotiko Komma tou Ergazomenou Laou (Progressive Party of Working People) has become one of the most successful left

in A history of the Northern Ireland Labour Party
Abstract only
Bernadette C. Hayes
Ian McAllister

intercommunal violence, again most evident in deprived working-class interface areas, resulting in greater levels of fear and mistrust between the two communities. 17 To what extent are these changes evident in terms of levels of social contact and public perceptions concerning community relations? In other words, has the erosion in levels of trust between the two communities led to what has recently been

in Conflict to peace
Abstract only
Kirk Simpson

Ireland, state versus anti-state) and its related analysis, in which the authority of the collective political sphere in managing and directing intercommunal violence is stressed, must not be allowed to gain credence in Northern Ireland, because it disregards the complex and interconnected phenomenon of private individual and microlevel agency as both causal and sustaining factors in conflicts (as noted in Chapter 2). Unfortunately, once a conflict has come to an apparent end, the master narratives of macro cleavages and divisions provide expedient methods for

in Truth recovery in Northern Ireland
A case for reassessment
Richard Hawkins

, from a shooting war if one occurred. Religious dissension was a major problem for the Irish administration, as for colonial governments, not merely in intercommunal violence but as an aggravation of other social divisions. Moreover, at the time of the Act of Union the state tended to be identified with the Protestant interest. It never completely lost this association, but

in Policing the empire
Abstract only
Liam Stanley

flames lambent wrapped round Tottenham and wrapped round Clapham, but it wasn't intercommunal violence, this is where he was completely wrong. What's happened is that a substantial section of the chavs have become black. The whites have become black. He went on to say that ‘so many of us have this sense of literally a foreign country’. Starkey's comments reflect concerns over the decline of a white, British or English culture as it gets mixed up with other cultures

in Britain alone
Naved Bakali

. Suu Kyi offered voluntary testimony defending her nation at the ICJ tribunals. In her statements she framed the August 2017 violence as a reaction to the dangerous Muslim, describing the genocide as an instance of ‘intercommunal violence’ where the military was taking actions against ‘insurgents or terrorists’ (Simmons and Beech 2019 ). Throughout Suu Kyi's testimony there was an inability to acknowledge the violence committed at the hands of the Myanmar military and Theravada Buddhist groups as terrorism, even though evidence presented at the tribunal detailed

in The rise of global Islamophobia in the War on Terror
Philip Proudfoot

theories among workers started to hinge on sectarian affiliation rather than geopolitics. It seems naïve to conceptualise such notions as an attempt to merely “render meaningful” the conflict’s complexity given that through their centralisation of identity, these ideas risks generating support for intercommunal violence. This slip into essentialism often commences at the point

in Rebel populism