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Neutrality and crisis
Mary Hilson

3 The politics of international co-operation: neutrality and crisis Delivering his presidential address to the 1934 international co-operative congress in London, Väinö Tanner reflected on the profound economic and political changes which had buffeted the co-operative movement since the previous congress.1 The early 1930s were difficult years for the ICA. In 1933 it had to take the unusual step of postponing its congress, and in the same year it lost one of its largest and most important members when the German co-operative movement was taken over by the Nazis

An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

decorated living Brazilian diplomat. As we began discussing international affairs and strategy, Amorim’s speech assumed a calm, professorial cadence. ‘Global disorder’ undermines international cooperation, he suggested soberly. And there is a need to rescue human rights discourse, despite the hypocrisy and selectivity of its liberal proponents. Amorim leant forward when I brought up Brazil’s recent withdrawal from the world stage. As foreign minister throughout the two presidential terms of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, from 2003 to 2011, he guided

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lisette R. Robles

a third never tell anyone about their experience ( McCleary-Sills et al. , 2016 : 225). A 2018 study on health and justice service responses in Northern Uganda confirmed that South Sudanese refugee survivors of sexual and gender-based violence and torture knew of the reporting system but at times questioned the effectiveness of the process ( Liebling et al. , 2020 ). Similarly, the Japan International Cooperation Agency Research Institute’s (JICA-RI) research on the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

Telegraph reporter and a regular in conflict zones ( Deedes, 2004 ). But another aspect of the Congolese context heightens this dependency: the number of armed groups in North and South Kivu and their fragmentation. The Kivu Security Tracker database, a website curated by researchers from the Congo Research Group (affiliated with the New York University Center on International Cooperation) and Human Rights Watch, lists 160 armed groups active in North and South Kivu provinces. 13 And though

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Jeffrey Flynn

glimpses of the future, such as the idea of a new international body salving the wounds of war and paving the way for a new kind of international cooperation’ (217). In ‘All the World Loves a Picture’, Rodogno and David trace the shift in the ‘visual politics’ of the World Health Organization (WHO) from a focus in the 1950s and 1960s on ‘biomedical determinants and technological solutions’ to a focus in the early 1970s more on the social, political and economic causes of poor

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

Couch? ’, Aid on the Edge of Chaos: Rethinking International Cooperation in a Complex World , (accessed 2 September 2017 ). Ramalingam , B. , Laric , M. and Primrose , J. ( 2014 ), ‘ From Best Practice to Best Fit: Understanding and Navigating Wicked Problems in International Development ’, Working Paper ( London : Overseas Development Institute ). Redfield , P. ( 2015

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

. There are other major changes in the issues that affect the international system – industrial and energy pollution and its environmental impact, including the scarcity of resources like water, and the mass displacements that are likely to come with climate change. Then there is rampant inequality and the consequent rise of populism, the revival of this kind of national chauvinism being likely to hamper international cooperation. Allied to this is the revival of various forms of religious and ideological fanaticism across the belief spectrum

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Positioning, Politics and Pertinence
Natalie Roberts

Violence: How the Fight against Ebola Became Part of the Conflict in Eastern DRC ’ ( New York : Congo Research Group/Center on International Cooperation ). Crawford , A. et al . ( 2021 ), The Democratic Republic of Congo’s 10th Ebola Response: Lessons on International Leadership and Coordination

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Expanding Gender Norms to Marriage Drivers Facing Boys and Men in South Sudan
Michelle Lokot
Lisa DiPangrazio
Dorcas Acen
Veronica Gatpan
, and
Ronald Apunyo (accessed 17 June 2021 ). Hutchinson , S. E. ( 1996 ), Nuer Dilemmas: Coping with Money, War, and the State ( Berkeley, CA : University of California Press ). JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency) ( 2017 ), Country Gender Profile Republic of South Sudan Final Report , (accessed 22 August 2021 ). Jok , J. M. ( 1999 ), ‘ Militarism, Gender and Reproductive Suffering: The Case of Abortion in Western Dinka

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Democracy, citizenship and internationalism, c.1918–45

In the decades following Europe's first total war, millions of British men and women looked to the League of Nations as the symbol and guardian of a new world order based on international co-operation. Founded in 1919 to preserve peace between its member-states, the League inspired a rich, participatory culture of political protest, popular education and civic ritual that found expression in the establishment of voluntary societies in dozens of countries across Europe and beyond. Through the hugely popular League of Nations Union (LNU), this pro-League movement touched Britain in profound ways. Foremost amongst the League societies, the LNU became a pioneering advocate of democratic accountability and popular engagement in the making of foreign policy. This book offers an account of this popular League consciousness, revealing the extraordinarily vibrant character of associational life between the wars. It explores the complex constituencies making up the popular League movement and shows how internationalism intersected with class, gender, religion and party politics during a period of profound social, cultural and political change.