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Silvia Salvatici

also true of their equivalents in France. 9 The gap between the daily acceptance of these terms and the assumed age of the origins of humanitarianism therefore invites us to greater caution, encouraging us not to place past and present on too black and white a line. This is how we can sum up the reasons why in this introduction to Part I we do not talk about humanitarianism’s ‘age of origins’ but about its archaeology. The intention is to understand which of international humanitarianism’s premises, seen in the light of their later developments, were

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

not homogenous, and staff-security and civilian-protection practices vary across different agencies ( Bradley, 2016 ; Schneiker, 2012 ). Nonetheless there are many commonalities, and this article focuses on general trends, albeit at the expense of some detail. ‘Staff security’ and ‘civilian protection’ comprise two clearly distinguished fields of practice within the broader field of international humanitarianism, with their own sets of handbooks

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

was to be expatriated abroad: ‘there, they can be neutral,’ one former head of mission claimed. Structural elements of international humanitarianism which are usually identified as weaknesses, such as thematic rather than contextual knowledge among ‘expats’, or hypermobility, are in fact seen to hold functions within MSF: helping to preserve a degree of (perceived) detachment of foreign staff from the complexities of everyday politics in the site of intervention. Senior managers of North Kivu projects explained that there are time-limits on ‘missions’ to prevent

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

-Amsterdam-aid-institutional-racism (accessed 27 September 2020 ). Malkki , L. H. ( 2015 ), The Need to Help: The Domestic Arts of International Humanitarianism ( Durham, NC : Duke University Press ). Martin , S. ( 2012 ), ‘ 16 Day Challenge: Keeping International Workers Safe

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

). Ikenberry , G. J. ( 2012 ), Liberal Leviathan: The Origins, Crisis and Transformation of the American World Order ( Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press ). Kennedy , D. ( 2005 ), The Dark Sides of Virtue: Reassessing International Humanitarianism ( Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press ). Lepora , C. and Goodin , R. E. ( 2015 ), On Complicity and Compromise ( Oxford : Oxford University Press ). Luttwak , E. N. ( 1999 ), ‘ Give

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

February ), 151 – 2 . Ross , A. ( 2020 ), ‘ Mediated Humanitarian Affect ’, in Bösel , B. and Wiemer , S. (eds), Affective Transformations ( Lüneburg : Meson Press ), pp. 169 – 84 . Sasson , T. ( 2016 ), ‘ From Empire to Humanity: The Russian Famine and the Imperial Origins of International Humanitarianism ’, Journal of British Studies , 55 : 3 , 519 – 37 . Schwartz , T. ( 2019 ), ‘ Herbert Hoover, American Relief Administration, Brussels, Belgian ca. 1919 ’, Hoover Heads ( 5 June ), www

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

still feel marginalised in the distribution of political goods. On an anniversary date like 15 January, you remember that Nigeria went to war and the reasons they went to war. However, different people have different ways of looking at the Biafra war. I know that Biafra opens a window to other issues, particularly the international humanitarian aid. The war contributed a lot to the practice of international humanitarianism. In the course of the discussion, I will talk a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
In the name of others

The book traces the history of international humanitarianism from the anti-slavery movement to the end of the Cold War. It is based on an extensive survey of the international literature and is retold in an original narrative that relies on a close examination of the sources. It explains how relief entered both the national and the supranational institutions' agenda, and the programmes of non-governmental organisations, contributing to shape the relationship between the global North and South. The reconstruction of humanitarianism’s long history unfolds around some crucial moments and events: the colonial expansion of European countries, the two World Wars and their aftermaths, the emergence of a new postcolonial order. Salvatici looks especially closely at the major actors of aid operations (such as the Red Cross, Save the Children, the United Nations agencies, Oxfam, Doctors Without Borders) and highlights how the meaning of international humanitarianism has changed over time.

Myths, practices, turning points

This book offers new insights into the history of the Red Cross Movement, the world’s oldest humanitarian body originally founded in 1863 in Geneva, Switzerland. Incorporating new research, the book reimagines and re-evaluates the Red Cross as a global institutional network. It is the first book of its kind to focus on the rise of the Red Cross, and analyses the emergence of humanitarianism through a series of turning points, practices and myths. The book explores the three unique elements that make up the Red Cross Movement: the International Committee of the Red Cross; the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent, formerly known as the League of Red Cross Societies (both based in Geneva); and the 191 national societies. It also coincides with the centenary of the founding of the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, formed in May 1919 in the aftermath of the First World War. The book will be invaluable for students, lecturers, humanitarian workers, and those with a general interest in this highly recognizable and respected humanitarian brand. With seventeen chapters by leading scholars and researchers from Europe, the UK, Australia, New Zealand and America, the book deserves a place on the bookshelves of historians and international relations scholars interested to learn more about this unique, complex and contested organisation.

Silvia Salvatici

role for the media, which transformed a war largely ignored by the Western world into an event able to ‘engender a transnational wave of humanitarian concern’. Finally, the mobilisation for the conflict that had erupted in western Africa allowed the emergence of the new central role on the international scene of the non-governmental organisations, which played a major part in collecting donations and sending aid to the Biafran population. 3 The Nigerian civil war was undoubtedly a crucial event that made obvious, fed and accelerated international

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989