The concept of the learning region is central to the way of problem-solving. Like 'lifelong learning' the term is used variously and carelessly. This book explores the meaning and importance of the learning region. Not all universities warm to such local-regional engagement. The unwise pride of global forces and nations undermines it; but even the most prestigious and 'global' university has a local footprint and ever-watchful neighbours. The book arises from the work of PASCAL, an international non-governmental network Observatory. Its name exploits echoes of philosophical depth as well as technical modernity of language, taking the concepts of Place, Social Capital and Learning together with the vital connecting conjunctions of And, to define its mission. At the heart of the story is PASCAL's experience of working with multiple regions and their universities on their experience with engagement. The book examines in turn several central strands mainly of policy but also of process that are illuminated by the PASCAL Universities and Regional Engagement (PURE) project. The PURE processes and outcomes, despite limitations and severe disruption by forces located outside the region and often too the nation, show the potential gain from international networking and shared activities. The book also discusses internal arrangements within the administration before turning to external relations: both with the university and tertiary sector and with other stakeholders in the private and third sectors. Regional innovation systems require entrepreneurialism inside government, higher education and training, as well as within industry from small and medium enterprises to multinationals.
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe
to create an international
community of aid workers, alongside new internationalnetworks of NGOs. The NGO
sector’s reputation was completely transformed by the crisis in the sense
that the public came to see those organisations as the key link between them and the
Third World. While I think that the phrase that NGOs like Oxfam and Concern used to
describe their activities – ‘people to people action’ –
is problematic, it nonetheless provides us with a good insight into
Local Understandings of Resilience after Typhoon Haiyan in Tacloban City, Philippines
Ara Joy Pacoma, Yvonne Su, and Angelie Genotiva
international connections proved more useful in sending financial help. This finding supports other studies on post-disaster social capital that found internationalnetworks have the potential to foster resilience to climate-related risks because their geographical distance gives them more capacity to give resources like remittances ( Rockenbauch, 2016 ; Su and Mangada, 2017 ; Elliott et al. , 2010 ).
Social support in place provides emotional strength and can protect a person from the negative outcomes of psychological distress ( Iacoviello and Charney, 2014
From the development of a national surveillance system to the birth of an
Roberto Pasetto and Ivano Iavarone
Environmental justice in industrially
contaminated sites: From the
development of a national surveillance
system to the birth of an internationalnetwork
Roberto Pasetto and Ivano Iavarone
Sites highly contaminated by a variety of hazardous agents are found in almost
all countries as contaminants are routinely or accidentally released into the environment either by active industrial sources or as toxic waste from current or
past industrial activities. From a public health point of view, contaminated sites
can be defined as, “Areas hosting or having hosted
delegation from Sudan.
Pan-Africa , a monthly periodical Makonnen put out, reported
that Wright urged his listeners to form an internationalnetwork of
‘cultured progressives’. 24
Such a network in fact already
existed, and in these early years after the war, as the movement for
independence gathered energy, it stretched this way and that, enlivened
by the possibility of
museum, garden and observatory were more or less connected with wider
internationalnetworks of learning, in which Scots can be found working
in many other territories of the British Empire. Despite the
continuation of forms of autocratic colonial government in the early
part of the period, the 1820s were an extraordinary decade in the
development of the intellectual, press, educational and scientific
productive forums for communication and interactivity.
These debates are explored in this chapter through four key sections. I
begin by considering how the interviewees have used CMC to mobilise
participation. Next, the use of CMC to assist (international) networking
and the organisation of environmental activism are detailed. This is followed by an examination of the impediments of using CMC for mobilisation and networking. The final section draws together the implications of
CMC use for the interviewees’ ability to mobilise participation, and concludes that rather than
-minded religious authorities than those with her female friends. By building different interpretations of their relationship, however, modern drama equips us to re-examine its depiction in the Book . We can recognise how the encounter contributes to the diverse and internationalnetworks that Margery builds through her many conversations as well as to the status that Julian carries as a recognised visionary and expert; Margery becomes more strategic and less isolated, and Julian becomes more authoritative. The ‘holy dalyawns’ is no longer singular, but it is no less
The consumer co-operative movement was one of the most important popular movements in inter-war Europe, but remains under-researched by historians in comparison to other social movements, especially with regard to its international dimensions. From 1895, the co-operative movement also had its own international organisation, the International Co-operative Alliance (ICA). This book explores the transnational history of consumer co-operation from the establishment of the movement in the second half of the nineteenth century to the outbreak of the Second World War, focusing in particular on co-operation in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden). The co-operative movement was especially strong throughout the region and the Nordic co-operative federations played a prominent role in the ICA. The fundamental question explored in the book concerns the meaning of co-operation: was it a social movement or an economic enterprise? Did it aspire to challenge capitalism or to reform it? Did it contain at its heart a political vision for the transformation of society or was it simply a practical guide for organising a business? I argue that it was both, but that an examination of the debates over the different meanings of co-operation can also illuminate broader questions about the emergence of consumer interests in the first half of the twentieth century, especially in a transnational context. Studying the Nordic co-operative movement also helps to shed light on the growing international interest in this region and the emergence of a Nordic “middle way” during the 1930s.
The present collection is intended as a study of European planning ideas in the form of garden city concepts and practices in their broadest sense, and the ways these were transmitted, diffused and diverted in various colonial territories and situations. The socio-political, geographical and cultural implications of the processes are analysed here by means of cases from the global South, namely from French and British colonial territories in Africa as well as from Ottoman and British Mandate Palestine. The focus on the extra-European planning history of Europe – particularly in Africa and Palestine in the context of the garden city – is unprecedented in research literature, which tends to concentrate on the global North. Our focus on transnational aspects of the garden city requires a study of frameworks and documentation that extend beyond national borders. The present collection is composed of chapters written by an international network of specialists whose comparative views and critical approaches challenge the more conventional, Eurocentric, narrative relating to garden cities. A guiding principle that runs through this collection is that the spread of garden city ideas into the selected colonial territories was not uni-directional, considering the ‘traditional', reductive, centre-periphery analytical framework that characterises urban studies. This spread of ideas – by nature an uncontrolled process – was rather diffusive, crossing complex and multiple frontiers, and sometimes including quite unexpected ‘flows'.