Stephen T. Casper

• 3 • Neurology in interwar Britain Introduction There is a story that has unfortunately become more of a legend of neurology than it ever was a reality.1 It is a sad story – one that involves egos, recrimination, and chauvinism. In 1928 a researcher at the Westminster Hospital came to the attention of the Medical Research Council (MRC), then a relatively new body supporting basic clinical research.2 Kathleen Chevassut had studied science at Bedford College for Women and had completed graduate work at the Westminster Hospital Medical School.3 But, like many

in The neurologists
Abstract only
Kathryn Castle

There has been a tendency among historians to view the great wars as watersheds in the narrative of history. It is perhaps useful then to consider whether the inter-war years brought significant change in the images forged before the First World War, or whether the patterns of representation set in an earlier

in Britannia’s children
At liberty to protest
Author: Janet Clark

Issues around the policing of public order and political expression are as topical today as in the past. This book explores the origins of the National Council for Civil Liberties (NCCL) that emerged in 1934 in protest at the policing of political extremes. It discusses the police attempts to discredit the NCCL and the use of Special Branch intelligence to perpetuate a view of the organisation as a front for the Communist Party. The book analyses the vital role played by the press and the prominent, well-connected backing for the organisation and provides a detailed discussion on the formation of the NCCL. The use of plain clothes police officers was a particularly sensitive matter and the introduction of the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) and subsequently Special Branch was controversial. The book examines the nature of the support for a civil liberties pressure group, the political orientation of the organisation, its place in non-party ideology and its role in a political culture. Liberal Internationalism, pacifist groups and women's organisations are also considered. The book then discusses the NCCL's networks, methods and associations through which it was able to bring complaints about legislation and police behaviour to public attention and into the parliamentary arena. Public, press, police and ministerial responses to the NCCL's activities form a focal point. Finally, it reviews the ongoing role and changing political relationships of the NCCL following Ronald Kidd's death in 1942, alongside the response of the police and Home Office to the emerging new regime.

Martin Thomas

The legacy of the First World War In the imperial history of inter-war France, memories of the First World War should figure large. The experience of the Great War shaped interwar French attitudes to empire more than any other single event. Once the western front stalemate took shape in the early autumn of 1914, it

in The French empire at war 1940–45
Stephanie Ward

1 Unemployment and the depression in interwar Britain The man or woman who is in a job to-day may be out of a job tomorrow; and, save at times of exceptional trade prosperity, the fear of the sack is never long absent altogether from the worker’s mind. It means for every worker a constant sense of insecurity, a knowledge that the continuance of the means of livelihood depends on powerful forces which are almost wholly outside his control. Nothing does so much to suppress the worker’s natural instincts of resentment, to check the growth of a spirit of

in Unemployment and the state in Britain
Helen Thompson

M1218 - THOMPSON TXT.qxp:GRAHAM Q7.3 10/3/08 13:10 Page 42 2 The crises of the inter-war years Nobody in the summer heat of August 1914 had thought that the First World War was about the future of representative democracy or the nation-state. The Allied powers had not entered the war either to impose democracy on Germany and Austria-Hungary, or to break up their empires. Russia was the most monarchical of all the participant states, and so far as the Allies were concerned with the principle of nationstates, it was to defend the independence of those that

in Might, right, prosperity and consent
Abstract only
Ideal homes and domestic design
Deborah Sugg Ryan

1 The interwar house: ideal homes and domestic design Number 17 Rosamund Road, Wolvercote, Oxford A 1930’s three bedroom semi detached home in need of modernisation on the western side of this popular road. * Entrance Hall * Sitting Room * Dining Room * Kitchen * Bathroom * Three Bedrooms * Gardens *1 We arrived at number 17 Rosamund Road, Lower Wolvercote, a village on the edge of Oxford’s Port Meadow, on our bicycles on a sunny day in May 1995 (Figure 1.1). We were surprised to be there as we had previously ruled the area out as too expensive. We were newly

in Ideal homes, 1918–39
Martin Gorsky, John Mohan and Tim Willis

Chapter 3 Mass contribution and hospital finance in inter-war Britain This chapter traces the development of contributory schemes in the inter-war period and seeks to assess the overall impact that they had on hospital finances. First, the heterogeneous nature of the schemes is outlined: there were singlehospital schemes as well as multi-institutional or city-wide funds; contributory schemes can be distinguished from provident ones (the predecessors of private medical insurance); and those premised on user fees may be differentiated from those supporting an ‘open

in Mutualism and health care
Emma Liggins

Chapter 4 The misfit lesbian heroine of inter-war fiction This chapter considers the emergence of the ‘misfit’ lesbian heroine of inter-war fiction in relation to new sexological theories of inversion and socio-medical concerns about ‘intimate friendships’ amongst women. The abnormality or queerness of the invert is both admired and attacked in a range of texts published primarily in the decade after the First World War, before the trial for obscenity of Radclyffe Hall in 1928 crystallised a particular vision of the mannish lesbian. Lesbian characters have been

in Odd women?
Janet Clark

questioning methods and political bias in the policing of labour and public protest. The chain of events begun by Kidd’s press intervention led to the formation in 1934 of the National Council for Civil Liberties (NCCL), a pressure group centred on civil liberties and the powers of the police, with Kidd as its General Secretary.2 This book will consider the key part played by the NCCL in shaping a distinct and organised critique of police behaviour in interwar Britain. Its innovative and direct methods involved placing observers at public demonstrations and meetings to

in The National Council for Civil Liberties and the policing of interwar politics