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Catherine J. Frieman

How do innovations happen? How are they invented? Invention seems as if it should be particularly difficult to access in the archaeological record, since it is believed, almost by definition, to be a singular event. We excel at delineating and disambiguating the histories of patterns of activity that extend through time and across space and that, necessarily, involve multiple if not scores of individual people and activities. Spotting a singular experiment or an initial conjunction of practices is rare, given the limits of the archaeological record discussed

in An archaeology of innovation
Speech, report and repetition in recent Wrestling School productions
James Reynolds

R&G 03_Tonra 01 11/10/2013 16:12 Page 28 3 Unearthly powers of invention: speech, report and repetition in recent Wrestling School productions James Reynolds Report and repetition Repetition is a feature of Howard Barker’s writing, constituting a principle in his plays, which Alan Thomas recognises in his argument that they are often ‘governed by recurring complication of treatment and not by the working out of a complete, self-sufficient plot’. These ‘linear structures’, Thomas writes, ‘are repetitions, with variation, of an idea or situation which becomes

in Howard Barker’s Art of Theatre
Matthew Kempshall

• 3 • Invention and narrative The categorisation of classical rhetoric into its demonstrative, judicial and deliberative forms reveals significant differences in emphasis, but also significant similarities in approach, in the way in which the relationship between an individual’s character (mores) and deeds (res gestae) could, and should, be described by a speaker or writer. The principles which these three categories of rhetoric shared as common ground, however, exerted an impact on medieval historiography that went well beyond engineering the specific

in Rhetoric and the writing of history, 400 –1500
Robert H. MacDonald

salient parts of the legend of ‘How We Made Rhodesia’, an invention which welded itself ‘naturally’ to the imperial myth, and, as patriotic ‘truth’, effectively emasculated the counter-discourse. Before going further, however, it is necessary to introduce the events which followed the decision of the British South Africa Company, with Rhodes as its moving spirit, to invade southern central Africa. It is

in The language of empire
Rhodri Hayward

2 The invention of the unconscious Inward the course of empire takes its way (Frederic Myers) The search for the self The quest for the historical Jesus was not restricted to the universities or the established Churches. Across Britain and the United States, working-class radicals debated the historical basis of the Gospel records. Before George Eliot’s translation of the Leben Jesu appeared, plebeian secularists had issued cheap pirated editions of Strauss’s work. Their turn to historical enquiry was driven by a very different set of motives to those which

in Resisting history
Rhodri Hayward

1 The invention of the self When truth embodied in a tale (Tennyson, In Memoriam, 36) There are moments when the pursuit of history can seem truly unnerving. Sometimes that past which was meant to ground our ideas and conceptions gives way and reveals something stranger, alien and uncanny. Although such episodes are rare events in most historians’ lives, they form a recurring motif in fantastic literature, where they are widely associated with the breakdown of identity and personality. Stories of historians driven to madness and despair when their narratives

in Resisting history
Marcela Iacub and Vinay Swamy

3 The invention of interior publicity The major crusade by the courts of the second half of the nineteenth century to annex an ever-increasing number of private spaces to the public world left no choice for the population than to hide systematically in the only places where they could indulge in sexual behavior without fear of being condemned. These places were private spaces where the public could not penetrate because they were both inaccessible and invisible from the outside. There, those who indulged in sexual activities in the presence of others did not

in Through the keyhole
Charles Bonnet and William Blake’s illustrations to Robert Blair’s The Grave (1808)
Sibylle Erle

interpreted as reaching beyond the text and resisting a psycho-sexual reading because the young boy, running towards the central couple and entirely Blake’s invention, suggests that we are witnessing a literal reunion of a family torn apart by death. The boy has no female double or soul to meet. Blake highlights in this illustration that literalness amounts to an adjustment to natural

in The Gothic and death
Domhnall Uilleam Stiùbhart

wider spectrum of popular supernatural beliefs. This mysterious visionary faculty came to be conceived of as somehow emblematic of the Scottish Highlands: the invention of Highland Second Sight. Before examining this process in greater detail, however, it may be useful to situate the beliefs characteristic of Second Sight within a wider thematic and geographical context, as part of a broad European repertoire of vernacular prophecy and divination. Martin Martin was writing at the end of a century marked by revelatory, often eschatological prophecies alluding to

in The supernatural in early modern Scotland
Simona Storchi

3 Margherita Sarfatti and the invention of the Duce Simona Storchi Margherita Sarfatti’s biography of Mussolini is widely acknowledged as the first life of Mussolini written with a clear propagandistic intent. It initially came out in England in 1925 under the title of The Life of Benito Mussolini. The Italian edition followed shortly afterwards. It was entitled Dux and was published by Mondadori in 1926. Sarfatti’s biography was not the first. Several accounts of Mussolini’s life had appeared before his rise to power, and the first after the March on Rome was

in The cult of the Duce