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Technologies of Surveillance, Knowledge and Power in Paramount Budget Documents, 1927–58
William Thomas McClain

Film production at Paramount Pictures during the so-called classical era required the mobilisation of massive material and human capital that depended on institutional systems of surveillance, knowledge creation and control ranging from departmental affiliations to the pre-printed budget forms. This article focuses on those pre-printed budget forms as technologies of knowledge and power, revealing that the necessities of creating and managing coalitions of expert labourers created alternative power centres and spaces where being the object of surveillance was itself a source of power. It concludes by discussing the implications of this ecology for the historiography of Hollywood.

Film Studies
International Perspectives

It is important to address the key social and cultural theorisations around issues such as freedom, democracy, knowledge and instrumentalism that impact the university and its relationship with and to the arts. This book maps out various ways in which the arts and creative practices are manifest in contemporary university-based adult education work, be it the classroom, in research or in the community. It is divided into three sections that reflect the normative structure or 'three pillars' of the contemporary university: teaching, research and service. The focus is on a programme that stems from the university's mission and commitment to encouraging its graduates to become more engaged citizens, willing to think critically and creatively about issues of global import, social justice and inequality. The Storefront 101 course, a free University of Calgary literature course for 'non-traditional' adult learners, aims to involve students in active dialogic processes of learning and civic and cultural engagement. Using the concept of pop-up galleries, teacher education is discussed. The book contextualises the place and role of the arts in society, adult education, higher education and knowledge creation, and outlines current arts-based theories and methodologies. It provides examples of visual and performing arts practices to critically and creatively see, explore, represent, learn and discover the potential of the human aesthetic dimension in higher education teaching and research. A more holistic and organic approach to lifelong learning is facilitated by a 'knowing-through-doing' approach, which became foregrounded as a defining feature of this project.

James Breasted’s early scientific network
Kathleen Sheppard

the field itself. On the other hand, connections developed in urban areas or within formal and established scientific institutions, such as in universities or museums, tended to maintain that decorum, as well as be reflected in the types of work the scientists do together. I reveal the nuances behind these varying sites of knowledge creation and the effect that the rural field site Petrie occupied or the urban institution Maspero led can have on the development of scientific networks. While detailing each of these instances would be a book-length study, Breasted

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Owain Jones

, radically incremental methods is discussed, pointing to some brief examples in the conclusion. The provocations of ecological crisis and the need for a pragmatic response In 1991, Jacque Emel wrote an editorial for Environment and Planning D: Society and Space entitled ‘Ecological crisis and provocative pragmatism’. This short essay, which has inspired and stayed with me ever since, makes a compelling case for a pragmatic approach to theory and knowledge creation in an era of ecological crisis. Emel described the ecological crisis that had crystallised since the

in The power of pragmatism
Open Access (free)
Barbara Prainsack and Sabina Leonelli

informed debate. Openness about how we arrive at conclusions on the basis of evidence is what enables the type of empirical self-corrective knowledge creation that science has (often rightly) claimed to be. Why is it, then, that openness – in science, but also in other domains of life – has become such a buzzword in the twenty-first century? There 1  Dave Eggers’s 2013 novel The Circle is a stark illustration of this, particularly since it was meant as science fiction and yet seems to describe the cult of transparency as a solution to social problems. 98 Science and

in Science and the politics of openness
Jean-Marc Fontan and Denis Bussière

process of generating knowledge. In one sense, they also become knowledge producers. As Desgagné notes, ‘these practitioners become, at some point or other in the research process, ‘“co-creators” of the knowledge sought vis-à-vis the research goals’ (ibid., pp. 372–3). This participation in the process of knowledge creation is therefore a fundamental characteristic of partnership research: ‘participation in the products and process of research by people who experience the issue being studied is considered fundamental to CBPR’ (Viswanathan et al., 2004). Partnership

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Open Access (free)
Budd L. Hall, Edward T. Jackson, Rajesh Tandon, Jean-Marc Fontan, and Nirmala Lall

schools and universities. It means forging links with networks of indigenous village-based HEIs, like the Mpambo Afrikan Multiversity or the shack-dwellers of South Africa’s University of Abahlali base Mjondolo, and many others working towards an epistemology of the South. It means understanding and building links with the knowledge creation and learning potential of the Arab Spring and its antecedents, and the Occupy movement in the North. Will the coming multipolar world thwart or promote knowledge ­partnerships? The longer-term prospects of the world economy pose

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Ruth Pelzer-Montada

regarded as a locus for knowledge-creation within defined boundaries. Nevertheless, Perkins comes to the conclusion that in a post-disciplinary or hybrid art context, the practice of the studio should not necessarily be abolished. While ‘knowledge of the specificities of disciplines and of their histories’ is retained, post-disciplinary studios are characterised by an openness to

in Perspectives on contemporary printmaking
Sam King

Similarly, Steinfeld observes that Chinese specialization in manufacturing assembly has facilitated not only US but also Western European and Japanese specialization in something much more difficult to replicate: knowledge creation and invention. 2

in Imperialism and the development myth
Alireza F. Farahani and Azadeh Hadizadeh Esfahani

. The Paulo-Freire-style conscientisation about the existence and formative role of habit, convention and local institutions doesn’t come out of the formulas that development cookbooks provide. Alternatively, it is through participative processes of knowledge creation and collaborative inquiry into the contingent local norms that a critical consciousness towards transforming these habits is generated. Moving beyond formulaic thinking doesn’t mean that anything goes: it is not relativism. As Rorty asserts, this is not to say that “every belief on a certain topic, or

in The power of pragmatism