Essays to celebrate the life and work of Chris Wrigley

This book reflects upon the wide range of Chris Wrigley's research and publications in the study of the various aspects of British labour history. It presents a set of themes revolving around the British labour movement and the lives of those connected with it. The book begins with a discussion on biography in the shape of George Howell's work on trade unions and presents Herbert Gladstone's view that the unions emerged from the medieval workers guilds. Chris was also interested in political figures connected with progressivism and the labour movement, which is reflected in the examination of Gladstone's role in the Liberal Party. There is an examination of the Co-operative Party in the north-east of England, the 1911 National Insurance Act, and the relationship between the unions and the Labour Party. The inter-war British labour politics is covered by the disaffiliation of the Independent Labour Party (ILP) from the Labour Party and by a study of the Progressive League. British and German working class lives are compared in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Female trade unionism is dealt with a focus on Association of Women Clerks and Secretaries (AWCS). The contribution of the Lansburys is brought by an essay on the role of the family members in working-class politics, including women's enfranchisement. The book also deals with the attempt by the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) to engage with punk music, and ends with a discussion on the theme of Labour disunity.

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did exert some influence. Turning to Chris Wrigley’s interest in labour lives, Dick Geary, in a far-ranging essay, contrasts the lives of the British and German working classes in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He suggests the notion that there were marked differences between the two. Britain emerges as a more liberal society, in which in religion, societies and leisure brought the working classes and the middle classes close together. The standard of living of the British working class was higher than the German, their housing provision better

in Labour and working-class lives
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Pauper policies

Origins of the British Welfare State: Social Welfare in England and Wales, 1800–​1945 (Basingstoke, 2004), p. 29. 3 P. Sharpe, Adapting to Capitalism: Working Women in the English Economy, 1700–​1850 (London, 1996); B. Reay, Microhistories: Demography, Society and Culture in Rural England, 1800–​1930 (Cambridge, 1996); B. Reay, Rural Englands: Labouring Lives in the Nineteenth Century (Basingstoke, 2004). 4 E. Hobsbawm and G. Rudé, Captain Swing (London, 1969). 5 J.L. Hammond and B. Hammond, The Village Labourer (1911, London, 1978); J.M. Neeson, Commoners

in Pauper policies

England during industrialization’, Past & Present, 197 (2007), 169; see also B. Reay, Rural Englands: Labouring Lives in the Nineteenth Century (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), pp. 38 –  48. 22 Woodward, Men at Work, pp. 133, 235. 23 Wrightson, Earthly Necessities, p. 318. 24 Schwarz, ‘Custom, wages and workload’, 171– 3. 25 P. King, ‘Customary rights and women’s earnings: the importance of gleaning to the rural labouring poor 1750 –1850’, Economic History Review, 44 (1991), 461–76. 26 P. Borsay, The English Urban Renaissance: Culture and Society in

in Time, work and leisure

, The Decade of Upheaval, pp. 150–183. 235 236 The impact of the Troubles 1968–79 81 Ibid., Jan. 1972. Puirséil, Labour, p. 291. Hanley and Millar, Revolution, p. 133 and 170. See also M. Mullen, Why Britain Should Leave Ireland (Dublin, 1979). 82 Liberty, Sept. 1971. 83 Meath Chronicle, 12 Feb. 1972. 84 M. Merrigan, Eagle or Cuckoo: The Story of the ATGWU in Ireland (Dublin, 1989) pp. 236–238. Irish Times, 29 Jan. 1976. 85 Irish Press, 12 May 1970. 86 Ibid., 31 Jan. 1972. 87 Ibid., 29 May 1972. 88 C. Callan and B. Desmond, Irish Labour Lives: A

in The impact of the Troubles on the Republic of Ireland, 1968–79

to the field of action. 128 If Stevenson thought Cyprus was unsuitable for settlers, one can only wonder how hard it was for the veterans returning to their peasant and labouring lives. For those discharged owing to illness, outstanding pay claims began before the system changed in summer 1917. In September 1917, Ioannis Georgiou from Astromeritis

in Serving the empire in the Great War
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than the printing of a handbill. The cry was designed for the whole community to hear. As Carl Griffin has argued, rural protest usually occurred in the context of a fracture of community relations, typically at the scale of the township Hastings, Chartism in the North Riding, p. 32. B. Reay, Rural Englands: Labouring Lives in the Nineteenth Century (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), pp. 146–7. 16 East Yorkshire RO, QSF­/​339­/​B­/​4, indictment, December 1792. 14 15 Rural resistance257 or parish.17 Skelton may have been disallowed fuel perhaps

in Protest and the politics of space and place, 1789–1848