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Anna Clark

5 Domestic servants and the labour movement, 1870s–1914 Anna Clark Introduction In connection with a proposal to form a Domestic Servants’ Union at West Hartlepool, a novel demonstration took place in that town on Monday 4 April 1892. A large number of young women attired in neat servants’ costumes walked in procession through the streets carrying clothes props, flatirons, slop-pails, dustpans, brooms, scrubbing brushes, and so on. The procession created much amusement and was accompanied by large numbers of people. The demands of the young women were for

in Labour united and divided from the 1830s to the present
Francisco Arqueros-Fernández

10 Lessons from the era of Social ­Partnership for the Irish labour movement Francisco Arqueros-Fernández Introduction A recent briefing paper by Oxfam warns that if Europe does not turn away from austerity measures an additional 15 to 25 million Europeans will be living in poverty by 2025. The paper compares current austerity measures to the structural adjustment policies imposed on Africa and Latin America in the 1980s and 1990s: ‘These policies were a failure’ and ‘have dismantled the mechanisms that reduce inequality and enable equitable growth’.1 Several

in Ireland under austerity

The troubles inside the Labour Party, which followed Jeremy Corbyn's election and the Brexit referendum, have rekindled the interest of both academics and practitioners in organisational matters. This book shows that the present disunities are nothing new and are far from capturing every source of disagreement within the British labour movement. The first section covers the long nineteenth century, an era spanning from the Industrial Revolution to the First World War. It discusses Robert Owen's Grand National Consolidated Trades' Union (GNCTU), the first working-class association ever in Britain to try to unite all trades in the country to secure workers' control of their labour, and the biggest one so far. It examines the British branch of the American Knights of Labor, internal tensions during the Edwardian years, the Great Labour Unrest, and attempts made by domestic servants to form trade unions. The second looks at unity and disunity in the wider left. It focuses on the Co-operative movement, the concept of Resale Price Maintenance, and inter-organisational divisions. The divergences, in the 1944-1947 period, between the Labour Party and the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) as well as the Trotskyist Revolutionary Communist Party are discussed. The third section zooms in on the Labour Party, with particular focus on the post-New Labour years. It provides a sweeping account of the Parliamentary Labour Party's (PLP) post-war division, crisis of party management, Scottish Labour Party, and the deep transformation that the Labour Party is currently undergoing.

Labour NGOs and the struggle for migrant workers’ rights

In twenty-first-century Chinese cities there are hundreds of millions of rural migrants who are living temporary lives, suspended between urban and rural China. They are the unsung heroes of the country’s ‘economic miracle’, yet are regarded as second-class citizens in both a cultural, material and legal sense. China’s citizenship challenge tells the story of how civic organisations set up by some of these rural migrants challenge this citizenship marginalisation. The book argues that in order to effectively address the problems faced by migrant workers, these NGOs must undertake ‘citizenship challenge’: the transformation of migrant workers’ social and political participation in public life, the broadening of their access to labour and other rights, and the reinvention of their relationship to the city. By framing the NGOs’ activism in terms of citizenship rather than class struggle, this book offers a valuable contribution to the field of labour movement studies in China. The monograph also proves exceptionally timely in the context of the state’s repression of these organisations in recent years, which, as the book explores, was largely driven by their citizenship-altering activism.

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Mary Bridges Adams and the fight for knowledge and power, 1855–1939
Author: Jane Martin

This book revisits the history of British socialism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in the light of the life and work of Mary Bridges Adams. Mary's activities within the Labour movement, and as a campaigner for improvements in working-class education, challenged established elites in ways that are important for understanding of this watershed period. The book first contains an overview of Mary's life with a focus on her route into the socialist movement. Then, the book presents micro-histories and uses prosopography to show that socialism is both lifestyle and a form of organised political activism. It puts these elements together to provide a bridge between the social, political and education history. The discussion of the issue of parental choice, considered in relation to her son's education biography, acts as mediator between the personal and the political, to examine the importance of education to the pioneering generation of British socialists. The book also contains a discussion of different aspects of Mary's political practice, in an attempt to formulate a new interpretation of the making of the British welfare state. It injects a gendered dimension into the analysis of the independent working-class education movement and examines Mary's social action and milieu in the First World War.

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The British far left from 1956
Editors: Evan Smith and Matthew Worley

This book explores the role of the far left in British history from the mid-1950s until the present. It highlights the impact made by the far left on British politics and society. The book first looks at particular strands of the far left in Britain since the 1950s. It then looks at various issues and social movements such as Trotskyism, anti-revisionism and anarchism, that the left engaged (or did not engage) with, such as women's liberation, gay liberation, anti-colonialism, anti-racism and anti-fascism. The book focuses on how the wider British left, in the Labour Party and amongst the intelligentsia, encountered Trotskyism between the 1930s and 1960s. The Socialist Party (SP) and the Socialist Workers Party (SWP) traditions have proven to be the most durable and high profile of all of Britain's competing Trotskyist tendencies. Their opponents in the International Marxist Group and the Socialist Labour League/Workers' Revolutionary Party (SLL/WRP) each met limited success and influence in the labour movement and wider social movements. The SWP and Militant/SP outlived the 'official' Communist Party of Great Britain and from the collapse of the Soviet Union to the present day have continued to influence labour movement and wider politics, albeit episodically. The book is concerned with providing an overview of their development, dating from the end of the Second World War to the onset of the 2009 economic crisis.

Aaron Edwards

more and more enmeshed with the Northern Ireland state it sought to portray any challenge to Unionist authority as an attack on the Union with Great Britain itself. This tactical ploy was to gain significance as the years progressed. The roots of the Northern Ireland Labour movement Prior to the formation of the six-county state the Labour movement in Ulster had a long lineage stretching back over 200 years to when the first craft union was set up in Belfast. 23 At first, trade unionists and socialists congregated

in A history of the Northern Ireland Labour Party
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Neville Kirk

been fully acknowledged in much of the more narrowly focused, institutional labour historiography. 2 As an essential part of the politics of the Cold War, the Right once again tarred the mainstream labour movement as subscribing to the ‘alien’, ‘extreme’ and ‘totalitarian’ doctrine of socialism and, whether as fools or knaves, being variously ‘Red’ or the accomplice and/or dupe of ‘conspiratorial’, ‘disloyal’ ‘tyrannical’ and ‘wrecking’ communists. As in the interwar years, the ‘politics of loyalism

in Labour and the politics of Empire
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The British labour movement between unity and division
Emmanuelle Avril and Yann Béliard

Introduction: the British labour movement between unity and division Emmanuelle Avril and Yann Béliard The current troubles inside the Labour Party – which followed Jeremy Corbyn’s election as party leader in September 2015 and were accelerated by the 23 June 2016 Brexit referendum – have made a number of concerns that seemed outmoded topical again, and rekindled the interest of both academics and practitioners in organisational matters. A party built just over a century ago by the joint efforts of most trade-union and socialist organisations, a party that had

in Labour united and divided from the 1830s to the present
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Splendid isolation?
Thomas Prosser

, Spanish and Portuguese have benefits for the unemployed. (OPZZ leader Jan Guz on the 14 November 2012 European Day of Action and Solidarity) Poland is a non-member of the Eurozone. Despite this, the Polish labour movement was exposed to pressures associated with Europeanization. This was particularly the case at tripartite level; scholars at one point predicted that Polish tripartism would ready the country for membership of the euro (Meardi, 2006 ). Given this concern, a key issue is the extent to which Polish unions

in European labour movements in crisis