Landreforms and ethnic tensions:
scenarios in south east Europe
Introduction: ‘Staatsnation’ and the ‘purity myth’
and eastern Europe the speciﬁc combination of territory,
language, creed with citizenship and/or nationality, is generally perceived
as an invariable and inviolable heritage of individual and collective ‘identities’ (Conte 1995: 138). It is a widespread belief that can be found even in the
most common aspects of everyday life. This belief reaches its political–institutional achievement in the concept of
The question of land in Ireland has long been at the heart of political, social and cultural debates. In eleven essays a group of authors including some of the most influential historians and social scientists of modern Ireland, and up-and-coming scholars, explore Ireland's land questions in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which presents the current state of our understanding of the issue of land in Ireland in two survey essays that cover the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The book's second section presents a series of reflections in which historians and social scientists look back on how they have approached the topic of land in Ireland in their earlier writings. A third section presents some innovative new research on various aspects of the Irish land question.
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
), ‘The Return of the Broker: Consensus, Hierarchy, and Choice in South African LandReform’ , Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute , 17 : 2 , 318 – 38 .
Kennedy , D. ( 2013 ), The Last Blank Spaces: Exploring Africa and Australia ( Cambridge : Harvard University Press ).
Latour , B. ( 2005 ), Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory ( Oxford : Oxford University Press ).
Lawrence , B. N. , Osborn , E. L. and Roberts , R. L. (eds) ( 2006 ), Intermediaries, Interpreters, and Clerks: African Employees in the
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
. ( 2012 )
Sudan Rural Land Governance (SRLG) Project: Ensuring the Inclusion of Gender and Vulnerable Groups in LandReform Processes in South Sudan: A Strategy .
. ( 2013 )
Mid-Term Performance Evaluation of the Sustainable Water and Sanitation in Africa (SUWASA) Project .
. ( 2015 )
Engineering Services for South Sudan Feeder and Trunk Roads: Yambio Country Feeder Roads Inventory and Mapping of Settlement and
This book focuses on the historical debate beyond the Irish revolution and introduces a new study of post-revolutionary experience in Ireland at a county level. It begins to build an image of regional political and social life in the immediate post-revolutionary period. The book discusses the turbulent years of 1922 and 1923, the local electorate's endorsement of the Anglo-Irish Treaty and the beginning of domestic Irish politics in what was a vastly altered post-treaty world. The Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed in London and confirmed dominion status on a twenty-six-county Irish Free State. The book further examines four major themes in rural agrarian society: land, poverty, Irish language, and law and order. It establishes the level of deprivation in local society that the Cumann na nGaedheal government had to confront. Finally, the book attempts to relate the political record of the county to the existing socio-economic realities of local life. Particular emphasis is placed on the election campaigns, the issues involved, and the voting patterns and trends that emerged in Galway. In east Galway agrarian agitation shaped the nature of civil war violence. The civil war fanned a recrudescence in acute agrarian agitation in the west. In the aftermath of the civil war, the August 1923 general election was fought on the Free State government's terms.
The politics of land reform in twentieth-century Ireland
MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/06/2013, SPi
Tony Varley: Gaining ground, losing ground:
the politics of landreform in
Broadly speaking, state elites and organized political and class forces can
be viewed as the central actors in the politics of landreform in liberal
democracies.The centrality of state elites (governing politicians and senior
officials) reflects the assumptions that landreform proposals must be
devised and enacted into law to have any real impact and that state power
must be deployed to implement land
Revisiting Graziers, Land Reform and Political Conflict in Ireland
MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/01/2013, SPi
David Jones: The issue of land distribution:
revisiting Graziers, LandReform and
Political Conflict in Ireland
My book, Graziers, LandReform and Political Conflict in Ireland, is an analysis of
large grazing farmers (commonly called graziers or ranchers) in nineteenthand early twentieth-century Ireland.1 It examines their origins, characteristics and important but controversial role in Irish society, which led to
conflict with the surrounding peasantry (what may be termed the ranching
(Chapter 8), outlines what he has called the ‘Grand Amateur’ tradition
of observational astronomy carried out by such people in observatories
equipped with the latest equipment. Among these were William and
John Herschel, William Wilson, Edward Joshua Cooper and John
This volume ends with Trevor Weekes’s ‘The 3rd Earl of Rosse: an
assessment’ (Chapter 10). He gives a mixed verdict. Rosse’s foresight
about the significance of iron-clad ships, his recommendations on landreform and the hoped-for results from his telescopes did not have the
loyal and prosperous Henry Maine-style
village communities, remodelled along English patterns of private
ownership, but preserving the local caste hierarchy.
As with previous British landreforms, however, this
one went awry. A familiar pattern, dating back to the Permanent
Settlement of 1793, reasserted itself, with landholders,
particularly the ‘yeomen’, defaulting on debts to
Bairstow was the sole signatory to the 1841 teetotal Chartist
address present. However, through the revisions it made to the NCA’s internal
governance, the 1843 Convention initiated a major reform. Henceforward, any
financial problems related to securing sufficient income to operate effectively,
but not to the personal honesty or competence of the executive.
The 1843 Convention was the first occasion on which Chartism’s highest
assembly debated landreform. Throughout 1843 the Northern Star extolled
agrarian reform, giving lavish coverage to O’Connor’s increasingly