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Martin Shipway

study of the 1956 Framework Law, the Loi-cadre or Loi Defferre of June 1956, the present author addressed the immense ideological and legislative effort that went into drafting and implementing this law, ascribing it in part to a kind of late colonial ‘make-believe’ according to which ‘officials simultaneously believed and disbelieved that far-reaching reforms could be effective’. 1 Second

in Rhetorics of empire
Mark Hampton

the reality that some former British colonies did not want the Queen to remain their head of state. For those who retained the Queen as head of state, a theory of an indivisible monarchy with separate jurisdictions, articulated by King George VI during the inter-war period, gave way to an understanding that the British monarch was head of state of each independent nation separately. Indeed, even before the Second World War this point had been pressed by the Dominions, above all Canada. 8 By comparison, the monarchy’s role in late-colonial and post-colonial Hong

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia
Experts and the development of the British Caribbean, 1940–62

This book produces a major rethinking of the history of development after 1940 through an exploration of Britain’s ambitions for industrialisation in its Caribbean colonies. Industrial development is a neglected topic in histories of the British Colonial Empire, and we know very little of plans for Britain’s Caribbean colonies in general in the late colonial period, despite the role played by riots in the region in prompting an increase in development spending. This account shows the importance of knowledge and expertise in the promotion of a model of Caribbean development that is best described as liberal rather than state-centred and authoritarian. It explores how the post-war period saw an attempt by the Colonial Office to revive Caribbean economies by transforming cane sugar from a low-value foodstuff into a lucrative starting compound for making fuels, plastics and medical products. In addition, it shows that as Caribbean territories moved towards independence and America sought to shape the future of the region, scientific and economic advice became a key strategy for the maintenance of British control of the West Indian colonies. Britain needed to counter attempts by American-backed experts to promote a very different approach to industrial development after 1945 informed by the priorities of US foreign policy.

The concept of ‘development’ in Tanganyika’s late colonial public sphere
Claudia Castelo

can make sense of its power then and now. In other words, the history of this keyword provides a crucial context for understanding development discourse in late colonial Tanganyika. To make this argument, I will draw on a close reading of the editorial comment and letters pages of three Swahili-language newspapers – Mambo Leo , Mwafrika , and the Kilimanjaro newspaper Komkya

in Developing Africa
Modern housing,expatriate practitioners and the Volta River Project in decolonising Ghana
Viviana d’Auria

engagement of a range of international experts involved in the project from the late colonial to the postcolonial period. The planners involved ranged from town planners advising colonial government, to consultants for aluminium companies, state corporations, public utility authorities and commissions, as well as to global players such as the United Nations Technical Assistance

in Cultures of decolonisation
Gender and development discourse and practice in late colonial Africa
Barbara Bush

marginal ‘welfare’ sector and gender inequalities persisted. 84 International development discourse was thus directly influenced by the gendered ‘development discourse’ that informed British, French, and Belgian colonial policies. From the late colonial era onward, failure to recognise women’s economic contribution, particularly to subsistence farming and domestic markets, resulted

in Developing Africa
Saurabh Mishra

From our discussion in the last chapter, it becomes clear that early veterinarians were preoccupied with preserving military horses. This chapter will examine whether the late colonial state was divested of these predominantly military aims that had governed its actions during the earlier phase, at least as far as veterinary health was concerned. In other words, did

in Beastly encounters of the Raj
Robert Aldrich

country. The aim in this chapter is to explore the different itineraries of the major Himalayan monarchies in the late colonial period, during decolonisation and afterwards, and to argue that the British played a major role in the confirmation and maintenance of the Himalayan monarchies, though the invasive legacy of colonialism helped to determine their post-independence fates. The colonial Himalayas With spectacular scenery, challenging access and picturesque traditions, the Himalayas have excited foreign fantasies from the time of pith-helmeted Victorians to

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia

In the 1940s, the British king, the Dutch queen and the Japanese emperor reigned over colonial possessions in Asia, whose ‘protected’ indigenous monarchs included Indian and Himalayan maharajas, Shan princes in Burma, and sultans in the Malay states and the Dutch East Indies, as well as the Vietnamese emperor and the Cambodian and Lao king in the French republican empire, and the ‘white raja’ of Sarawak. Decolonisation posed the question about the form of government to be adopted in successor states to the colonial empires and about the fate of local dynasties. As their possessions gained independence, the European and Japanese monarchies also had to adapt to a post-imperial world. This collection of original essays by an international group of distinguished historians argues that the institution of monarchy, and individual monarchs, occupied key roles in the process of decolonisation. It analyses the role of monarchy (both foreign and indigenous) in the late colonial period and with decolonisation. It examines the post-colonial fate of thrones buffeted and sometimes destroyed by republicanism and radicalism. It assesses the ways that surviving dynasties and the descendants of abolished dynasties have adapted to new social and political orders, and it considers the legacies left by extant and defunct dynasties in contemporary Asia.

Nyasaland networks, 1859–1960

David Livingstone's Zambesi expedition marked the beginning of an ongoing series of medical exchanges between the British and Malawians. This book explores these entangled histories by placing medicine in the frameworks of mobilities and networks that extended across Southern Africa and beyond. It argues that mobility was a crucial aspect of intertwined medical cultures that shared a search for therapy in changing conditions. The Malawi mission stations were the first permanent sites in which Western medicine was made available to Africans. Livingstonia's medical practice began in Cape Maclear in 1875, moved to Bandawe in the early 1880s and expanded to Ngoniland and north Lake Malawi. Lacking effective therapies to deal with the high levels of ill health and morbidity that plagued them, Europeans sometimes sought out cures and protection from indigenous African, Asian and American healers, many of whom were women. The lay practice of 'doctoring' African employees with elements of trickery continued into the later colonial period. Medical middles were among the most mobile individuals in colonial Southern Africa, moving as they did between mission, government and private sector employment, and across local and regional boundaries. The Second World War brought about major changes in the types of antimalarials available in the Nyasaland Protectorate and the wider empire, as quinine became a scarcer resource and new synthetic anti-malarials became more available. Western medicine became recognised as one resource among others in a pluralistic medical culture, but African medicine, for Europeans, became mainly an object of ethnographical and anthropological interest.