Third edition
Author: Leslie C. Green

It has been accepted since antiquity that some restraint should be observed during armed conflict. This book examines the apparent dichotomy and introduces any study of the law of armed conflict by considering the nature and legality of war. The purpose of what is known as the law of armed conflict or, more commonly, the law of war is to reduce the horrors inherent therein to the greatest extent possible, bearing in mind the political purpose for which the war is fought, namely to achieve one's policies over one's enemies. The discussion on the history and sources of the law of armed conflict pays most attention to warfare on land because that is the region for which most agreements have been drawn up, although attention has been accorded to both aerial and naval warfare where it has been considered necessary. Traditionally, international law was divided into the law of war and the law of peace, with no intermediate stage between. Although diplomatic relations between belligerents are normally severed once a conflict has commenced, there remain a number of issues, not all of which are concerned with their inter-belligerent relations, which require them to remain in contact. War crimes are violations of the and customs of the law of armed conflict and are punishable whether committed by combatants or civilians, including the nationals of neutral states. The book also talks about the rights and duties of the Occupying Power, civil defence, branches of international law and prisoners of war.

Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

conference; that is to say, the project had resonated favourably both in the halls of power and in public opinion, and imperial France seemed particularly open to it. The first president of the new humanitarian society was a former officer in Napoleon III’s army: Swiss general Guillaume-Henri Dufour. This serves as a reminder that the laws of war ( jus in bello ) are first and foremost the business of the belligerents – the political powers – and that the terms of humanitarian conventions have

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

ethical positioning that brings into question all forms of violence, most especially the legitimate violence constituted through the force of law. Denying the constituted embodiment of life, lawful violence is dehumanising. This in turn gives rise to claims about the universal rights of humans in international law and its associative laws of war. Violence is the Result of Underdevelopment Domesticated in the shadow of juridical power by the threat of incarceration, critics of the previous position might also point to our shared material gains and sense of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

( Los Angeles : Sage ), pp. 77 – 101 . Bridges , K. M. ( 2010 ), ‘ Between Aid and Politics: Diagnosing the Challenge of Humanitarian Advocacy in Politically Complex Environments – the Case of Darfur, Sudan ’, Third World Quarterly , 31 : 8 , 1251 – 69 . Brooks , J. ( 2015 ), Humanitarians Under Attack: Tensions, Disparities, and Legal Gaps in Protection . Harvard Humanitarian Initiative Cambridge, MA . Bussmann , M. and Schneider , G. ( 2016 ), ‘ A Porous Humanitarian Shield: The Laws of War, the Red Cross, and the Killing of Civilians

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Their commencement, effects and termination
Leslie C. Green

. Traditionally, international law was divided into the law of war and the law of peace, with no intermediate stage between. 1 When hostilities began, usually following a declaration of war, 2 and non-parties to the conflict were held by the belligerents to be subject to the duties of, and they claimed the rights pertaining to, neutrals, 3 war was recognised and the law of war came into operation. Frequently

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
The ICTY, ICTR and ICC
Matt Killingsworth

violations of the laws of war. Beyond Nuremburg and Tokyo: responses to ethnic cleansing and genocide after the Cold War The ICTY and the ICTR were the first mechanisms for international criminal justice since the post-World War II Nuremburg and Tokyo Tribunals. Although heavily criticised, both at the time and in later years, especially over

in Violence and the state
Abstract only
Leslie C. Green

The classical position One of the oldest rules of the law of war provides for the protection of the civilian noncombatant population and forbids making civilians the direct object of attack. 1 This rule appears in the Hague Regulations’ ban on the bombardment of undefended places, the requirement that an attacking officer should

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
Abstract only
Some notes on ‘terror’
Chris Miller

terrorism is generally thought to fall is the law of war, which is twofold. It is customarily divided into ‘ jus ad bellum , the justice of war’ and ‘ jus in bello , justice in war’. 5 Detailed discussion of the principles of international law can be found here in the essay of Michael Byers and the very significant response by Dino Kritsiotis. I wish to make just two points about it here. First, international law is not an immutable code that stands forever remote from public opinion. There are grounds for saying that the Bush government has sought and even obtained a

in ‘War on terror’
Gerald de Barri and regnal solidarity in early thirteenth–century England
John Gillingham

In his Invectives Gerald de Barri, writing c. 1200, declared the English to be ‘of all peoples under heaven the most worthless; for they have been subdued by the Normans and reduced by the law of war to perpetual slavery ( in servitutem perpetuam belli iure redactam ). ... In their own land the English are the slaves of the Normans, and the most worthless of slaves.’ 1 Prima facie this opinion, one of Gerald’s more famous pronouncements, appears to clash with the view of many modern historians who have thought that although after the Norman Conquest, as

in Law, laity and solidarities
Leslie C. Green

that jurisdiction over war crimes is universal, any country holding a war criminal would possess jurisdiction to try him. Allegations by one state of breaches of the law of war by another may lead to reprisals, so long as these are still permissible; or, subject to the special rules concerning its jurisdiction, be submitted for adjudication by the International Court of Justice which can, at the most

in The contemporary law of armed conflict