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Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

Law and order 6 ➤ Review of the problem of crime in recent decades ➤ Descriptions of the various attempts which have been made to reduce crime since 1979 ➤ Analysis of different governments’ attitudes to crime ➤ Descriptions of legislation passed to deal with law and order issues ➤ Analysis of theories concerning the causes of crime ➤ Speculation as to how law and order issues may be dealt with in the future Before examining the political issue of law and order as it has unfolded since 1979, we need to define the scope of the subject. The following elements

in Understanding British and European political issues

This book provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the five main parties of the extreme right in the Netherlands (Centrumdemocraten, Centrumpartij), Belgium (Vlaams Blok), and Germany (Die Republikaner, Deutsche Volksunion). Using primary research — including internal party documents — it concludes that rather than right-wing and extremist, the core ideology of these parties is xenophobic nationalist, including also a mix of law and order and welfare chauvinism. The author's research and conclusions have broader implications for the study of the extreme-right phenomenon and party ideology in general.


This book seeks to review the state of political issues early in the twenty-first century, when New Labour is in its second term of office. As part of the updating process it became necessary to choose which political issues are important. The book includes the main issues which appear in current Advanced Level Politics syllabuses. In the case of Edexcel, which offers a specific political issues option in its A2 specification, all the specified issues have been included. The book deals with the process of constitutional and political change which are issues in themselves. It also includes material on constitutional reform (incorporating the recent development of human rights in Britain), and devolution. The book includes the global recession and other recent political developments and looks at the important issues in British politics since 1945. It examines the key issues of British politics today: economic policy, the Welfare State, law and order, environment policy, Northern Ireland, issues concerning women, European integration and the European Union, and the impact of the European Union on Britain. The book also deals with the European Union and Britain's relationship to it. Finally, it must be emphasised that Britain's relationship to the European Union is in itself a political issue which has fundamentally changed the party system.

Politics, Nationalism and the Police, 1917–65

As imperial political authority was increasingly challenged, sometimes with violence, locally recruited police forces became the front-line guardians of alien law and order. This book presents a study that looks at the problems facing the imperial police forces during the acute political dislocations following decolonization in the British Empire. It examines the role and functions of the colonial police forces during the process of British decolonisation and the transfer of powers in eight colonial territories. The book emphasises that the British adopted a 'colonial' solution to their problems in policing insurgency in Ireland. The book illustrates how the recruitment of Turkish Cypriot policemen to maintain public order against Greek Cypriot insurgents worsened the political situation confronting the British and ultimately compromised the constitutional settlement for the transfer powers. In Cyprus and Malaya, the origins and ethnic backgrounds of serving policemen determined the effectiveness which enabled them to carry out their duties. In 1914, the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) of Ireland was the instrument of a government committed to 'Home Rule' or national autonomy for Ireland. As an agency of state coercion and intelligence-gathering, the police were vital to Britain's attempts to hold on to power in India, especially against the Indian National Congress during the agitational movements of the 1920s and 1930s. In April 1926, the Palestine police force was formally established. The shape of a rapidly rising rate of urban crime laid the major challenge confronting the Kenya Police.

Brief presentation of political parties in terms of ideology
Věra Stojarová

the Far Right in the Balkans – can we identify a single common ideological core for Far Right parties and, if so, is it identical with that in WE? Does the ideology of the Far Right party family in the Balkans contain any specific features? The primary aim of this chapter is to analyse those parties which are supposedly on the Far Right of the political spectrum and explore their ideological core, focusing on nationalism, xenophobia, law and order and welfare chauvinism. Due to the peculiarities of the Balkan region, additional specifics and regional idiosyncrasies

in The Far Right in the Balkans
Simon Peplow

another attempt to criminalize the Black Community’.24 The continued focus upon law and order, to the apparent detriment of community relations, was consistent with the state’s broader response.25 Whitelaw’s ‘three-​pronged response’ In contrast to those who derided the value of public inquiries, a Bristol City Council debate concluded it was very important to direct the ‘bitterness and resentment’ of black youths through the ‘political machine’, otherwise more violence would occur.26 This further illustrates how those in positions of power seemingly did not appreciate

in Race and riots in Thatcher’s Britain
Abstract only
Úna Newell

widespread eruption of anarchy in the rural countryside and restored a respect for law and order. In external affairs it successfully asserted the Irish Free State’s status as a member of the Commonwealth. While the formal political divisions of the civil war survived, Cumann na nGaedheal’s commitment to the democratic foundations of the treaty, its defence of majority rule and its consolidation of the authoritative political institutions lured, or indeed Epilogue 185 forced, constitutional republicans back to the political fold. Its successes in state-building enabled

in The west must wait
Peter Dorey

Dorey over general policy direction, and shifts and U-turns concerning a number of specific polices. This chapter will examine Conservative policies in seven main areas: the economy, ‘tax and spend’ (including public services), law and order, the family and sexual politics, welfare reform and pensions, asylum seekers, and rural affairs. The vital and vexatious issue of Europe is addressed in Chapter 8. The economy Throughout most of the 1980s successful stewardship of the economy had been the Conservative Party’s trump card, and one which was played with devastating

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Richard Hewett

, ‘The Fourth Horseman’, and ‘Law and Order’, the ninth episode of the series and the third to be recorded entirely using OB. The fact that these episodes shared the same director, Pennant Roberts, and many of the same cast provides two stable factors when examining the implications for studio realism of the move to location. Also considered, however, are the ways in which changes in British drama training affected how emerging actors approached working in television drama. Background By the 1970s British television had settled into a ‘comfortable duopoly’ (Peacock

in The changing spaces of television acting
Self-policing as ethical development in North Manchester
Katherine Smith

of the law-and-order state that frames, in policy and practice, the responsibilised, self-policing individual. Harpurhey in a law-and-order state Harpurhey is a small suburban area in Manchester, just three-and-a-half miles north east of the city centre. It is home to a large open-air market, a few locally run shops and a large grocery store, several empty buildings, a police station, a well-established and well-attended food bank based at Harpurhey Community Church, and a small collection of pubs and social clubs scattered around the area, which are all within

in Realising the city