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Music, radicalism and reform in the Anglophone world, 1790–1914

Throughout the long nineteenth-century the sounds of liberty resonated across the Anglophone world. Focusing on radicals and reformers committed to the struggle for a better future, this book explores the role of music in the transmission of political culture over time and distance. The book examines iconic songs; the sound of music as radicals and reformers were marching, electioneering, celebrating, commemorating as well as striking, rioting and rebelling. Following the footsteps of relentlessly travelling activists, it brings to light the importance of music-making in the lived experience of politics. The book argues that music and music-making are highly effective lens for investigating the inter-colonial and transnational history of radicalism and reform between 1790 and 1914. It offers glimpses of indigenous agency, appropriation, adaptation and resistance by those who used the musical culture of the white colonisers. Hymn-singing was an intrinsic part of life in Victorian Britain and her colonies and those hymns are often associated with conservatism, if not reaction. The book highlights how music encouraged, unified, divided, consoled, reminded, inspired and, at times, oppressed, providing an opportunity to hear history as it happened. The examples presented show that music was dialogic – mediating the relationship between leader and led; revealing the ways that song moved in and out of daily exchange, the way it encouraged, unified, attacked, divided, consoled, and constructed. The study provides a wealth of evidence to suggest that the edifice of 'Australian exceptionalism', as it applies to radicals and reformers, is crumbling.

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The sounds of liberty
Kate Bowan and Paul A. Pickering

Peace and Liberty’ – the author of the programme notes links past struggles to those continuing in Germany, Italy, China and Spain, drawing attention to the place of music and music-making: people ‘sing their determination to resist and conquer oppression’. To emphasise the corporeal ties between present and past the actors were to be joined on stage by ‘men who are playing

in Sounds of liberty
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‘And they sang a new song’
Kate Bowan and Paul A. Pickering

music-making. As we have seen elsewhere, the strains of the music – in this case singing The Red Flag – provided an auditory cover, helping to create a cultural space to live a way of life. Under a blanket of sound, the sounds of liberty were vital to reaffirming common purpose, renewing commitment and nourishing solidarity. We have seen the ways music-making was central to inspiring, entertaining

in Sounds of liberty
Open Access (free)
Ian Carter

). In this case, even the majority might be oppressed in the name of liberty. Such justifications of oppression in the name of liberty are no mere products of the liberal imagination, for there are notorious historical examples of their endorsement by authoritarian political leaders. Berlin, himself a liberal, and writing during the cold war, was clearly moved by the way in which the apparently noble ideal of freedom as self

in Political concepts
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Freedom, laissez-faire and the state after Britain’s abolition of slavery
Richard Huzzey

8 Concepts of liberty: freedom, laissez-faire and the state after Britain’s abolition of slavery Richard Huzzey1 In 1830, an article in the Monthly Repository argued that ‘the proper use of government is to teach men the true enjoyment of their liberties’. The ‘men’ in this declaration were slave-holders, and the ‘true enjoyment of their liberties’ meant ‘such a degree of restraint as is necessary to prevent them from infringing on the rights of others’ – in other words, a state-enforced abolition of slavery.2 The author hoped West Indian emancipation would

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world
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Gavin Edwards

Liberty’ and ‘Freedom’. In the English sections of the novel it is Mr Pecksniff’s identification of himself as the mouthpiece and embodiment of ‘Truth’, ‘Virtue’ and ‘Goodness’. In his presentation of the discourse of American patriotic republicanism, Dickens comes close to the kind of self-consciously English disapproval of ‘tall talk’ that we find later in Fawcett. His position is not, however, so clear cut as Fawcett’s. It is not so much the elevated ideals with their elevated initial letters that he is satirising, or even simply the failure to live up to them, but

in The Case of the Initial Letter
The Provisional IRA and Sunningdale
Henry Patterson

10 ‘1974 – Year of Liberty’? The Provisional IRA and Sunningdale Henry Patterson Were Republicans, as the Taoiseach, Liam Cosgrave, claimed, responsible for the collapse of the Executive? Cosgrave’s charge was that the campaign of the IRA ‘has sparked a massive sectarian backlash’ (White, 2006: 215). In response the President of Provisional Sinn Féin, Ruairí Ó Brádaigh, claimed that Cosgrave was looking for a scapegoat for his government’s failure to address the ‘real cause’ of the violence in Northern Ireland: partition and the British presence (Ibid.). In fact

in Sunningdale, the Ulster Workers’ Council strike and the struggle for democracy in Northern Ireland
Exegesis and political controversy in the 1550s
Adrian Streete

What is Christian liberty? 1 And is it compatible with female rule? This essay considers both of these questions as they were debated in early modern Europe, but particularly in the work of a number of English and Scottish Protestant political theologians during the 1550s. I argue that, on the one hand, writers like John Ponet, John Knox and Christopher

in Biblical women in early modern literary culture 1550–1700
Samuel Bailey and the nineteenth-century theory of free speech
Greg Conti

Chapter 11 Before – and beyond – On Liberty: Samuel Bailey and the nineteenth-century theory of free speech Greg Conti A n 1829 article for the Westminster Review, the official journal of philosophic-radical principles with which Bentham and both Mills were involved, described a book ‘so finished in its parts and so perfect in their union’ that ‘like one of the great statues of antiquity, it might have been broken into fragments, and each separated limb would have pointed to the existence of some interesting whole, of which the value might be surmised from the

in Freedom of speech, 1500–1850
Slavery, villeinage, and the making of whiteness in the Somerset case (1772)
Dana Y. Rabin

writ directs the detainer to bring his prisoner to a court at a specified time for a particular reason. Although there were many versions of the writ, the one issued in Somerset's case is best known as a legal instrument by which to correct violations of personal liberty by releasing an individual from unlawful detention. Eventually Somerset's case attracted the attention of the prominent abolitionist

in Britain and its internal others, 1750–1800