6 Lone parents, leisure mobilities and the everyday Bernadette Quinn Recent social and economic commentary on Ireland has tended to accentuate the extreme changes associated with the Celtic Tiger era. Stories of ostentatious consumption patterns dominated discursive narratives in popular, academic and policy forums. This was for good reason as trend data of all descriptions attested to startling transformations in people’s lifestyles and mobilities. To take just one example, data from the Census Statistics Office (CSO) (2007; 2008) show that foreign overnight

in Spacing Ireland
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Place, society and culture in a post-boom era

Ireland is a turbulent place. This book engages readers with the contours of transformation of Irish society through a series of distinct episodes and sites where change can be confronted. The content of the book intersects with the boom and bust themes to explore the economic and social implications of the recession. The processes are as diverse as cross-border development, farming knowledges, food movements, and the evolution of traditional Irish music. The modernisation of Irish society during the Celtic Tiger and its subsequent demise was a 'spatial drama' involving transformation in the material landscape and the imaginative representation of the island. The first part of the book explores the revolving intersections of identity politics with place. It tracks the discovery of the ghost estate and the ways in which it has been implicated in debates about the Irish economic crash, complicating ideas of home and community. After a discussion on immigration, the book discusses the role of migrants in filling labour and skill shortages. The second part pays attention to questions of mobility and consumption in urban and rural contexts. The new Irish motorway network, free time, leisure and holidaying in the lives of lone parents during the Celtic Tiger, and the role of National Asset Management Agency (NAMA) are discussed. The third part explores diverse cultural practices and some longstanding representations of Ireland. An autobiographical tour of the pub session, National Geographic's representations of Irish landscape and the current Irish imagination are the key concepts of this part.

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‘Vulnerable fathers’, invisible fatherhood

Minister for Justice and Equality. (Written Answers Nos. 134–141) While Irish epistemological perspectives took a Nordic turn in relation to thinking about parental leave, the answer from a Labour Party minister to a parlimentary question privileged the vested intersts of Irish employers over the social protection and decommodification of Irish working fathers. Non-resident fathers and the liable relative provision Fathers, especially non-resident ones, became central to Irish social policy debates about welfare reform for lone-parents. This was not always the case

in Between two worlds of father politics

public expenditure cutbacks, and on women’s position in both the formal labour market and in relation to unrecognised care work. It will also look at the issues of domestic and sexual violence against women, the female body as a site of struggle during the crisis, and the ways in which women have organised to resist austerity. Precarious work As regards the labour market, there are contradictions in the way in which women are being treated during the current crisis. While some women, such as lone parents, find themselves being forced out of the home to seek waged work

in Ireland under austerity
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marriages of their parents. In the aftermath, in 1960, a third of births of children of unwed parents were registered by both parents. Again, this change was partly due to new attitudes towards divorce, since children with lone parents were more and more common. The transitional nature of the time was also highlighted in the debates over the 1959 bill, which showed three different, and sometimes conflicting, attitudes:  a concern for the children, an understanding of the ‘natural’ bond between a mother and child, but also a continued assumption of a two-parent, male

in Illegitimacy in English law and society,1860–1930
Re-visioning family change

) and then cohabiting couples (5.9 per cent). Such households would have been exceptional in Ireland when Seamus and John, whose stories we examined in Chapter 1, were starting their families. Figure 2.1 provides an overview of family household composition in Ireland, Denmark and Portugal in 2009, based on the European Survey on Income and 30 Denmark Ireland Portugal 25 20 15 10 5 0 Single person aged under 65 Single person aged 65+ Couple both under 65 Couple 1 or both aged 65+ Couple + dependent children Couple + adult children Lone parent + dependent

in Family rhythms
The National Council for the Unmarried Mother and Her Child

labour – provided by middle-class married women debarred from paid employment – dwindled after the war, when more such women were in paid work, including social work. At the same time a larger stream of qualified people, trained in social work and the social sciences, were emerging from the universities, often keen to work for organisations they saw as aiming at the radical improvement of society. Another important change was that from the late 1960s there were many more, and more diverse, lone-parent families as the numbers of divorced, separated and unmarried parents

in People, places and identities
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Geographies of the post-boom era

network may symbolise little more than a fruitless act of political and economic hubris. In Chapter 6, ‘Lone parents, leisure mobilities and the everyday’, Bernadette Quinn regrounds the discussion with a look at the challenges of one marginal societal group and their space in contemporary Ireland. Her chapter is concerned with lifestyle and quality-of-life issues, particularly with the role of free time, leisure and holidaying in the lives of lone parents during the Celtic Tiger and its aftermath. As the majority of lone-parent families in Ireland are 10 Introduction

in Spacing Ireland
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Grassroots feminism/father think-tanks Normative concern with idealised egalitarian fathers and family diversity/ agency Marriage not privileged by social policy Normalisation of lone-parent families Emphasis on shared-parenting Weak malebreadwinner culture based on dual-earner dual-carer family model New politics of individualised and egalitarian fatherhood, state feminism, gender-equal parenting and family diversity Family diversity crowded out/or discouraged by social policy Social pathology of lone-parent families Emphasis on child maintenance Strong malebreadwinner

in Between two worlds of father politics
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Full-time breadwinners and part-time fathers

where a lone parent was dependent on social assistance benefits in order to recoup some of the fiscal costs. (2012:232) The policy logic of the child support system in the United Kingdom changed over time from being primarily focused on reducing the cost of welfare payments to lone mothers in the 1991 Act, to reducing child poverty under the terms of the Child Support, Pensions and Social Security Act 2000 (Skinner, 2012:238). Alternatively, the main aim of the Child Maintenance and Other Payments Act 2008 was to increase coverage and to ensure the act maximised the

in Between two worlds of father politics