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Change UK and the challenges of parliamentary politics
Author: Louise Thompson

At a time when British politics has been increasingly fractured, with intra-party tensions cutting across both the Conservative Party and the Labour Party, small political groupings and independent MPs in the Commons have taken on a more significant position than ever before. This book explores the rise and fall of Change UK within the wider context of the experiences of other small political groupings in the House of Commons. It examines the struggles facing MPs who leave behind the comforts of the large political parties and the strategies they use to draw attention to their cause.

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Shizuka Oshitani

an era of coalition (or 4 Global warming policy in Japan and Britain loosely allied) governments, the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) enjoyed the most stable one-party dominance of any advanced liberal democracy in the postwar era. Notwithstanding, the LDP tended to follow ‘the norm of cross-party consensus building’ (Pempel, 1992). Thus, even before 1993, Japan’s decision-making style was consensual rather than ‘majoritarian’ (the latter characterises the British mode of legislative decision-making). These two institutional features which contrast Japan and

in Global warming policy in Japan and Britain
Ben Clift

change. The French party system, the logic of rassemblement, and the union de gauche The advent of the Fifth Republic brought with it a new electoral system for presidential and legislative elections, specifically designed to preclude the perceived systemic weaknesses of the Fourth Republic. The two-ballot majoritarian system contained institutional constraints requiring parties to reach a 12.5 per cent 1 threshold in the first ballot of parliamentary elections, and the rule that only two candidates progress to the second ballot of presidential elections. These

in The French party system
Robert J. McKeever

organisations in American society. For while Congress and the President can bestow favours through legislation, those gains may be undone by defeat at the next election. Once the Supreme Court has constitutionalised an allocation of power or rights, however, a new Congress or President will need super-majoritarian support to overthrow the Court’s decision through constitutional amendment. In short, the Supreme Court’s constitutional blessing is the ultimate prize in American politics. Who benefits from the Supreme Court’s allocation of power? Because constitutional

in The United States Supreme Court
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Matt Qvortrup

:Gary:Public:Gary Citizens as voters 89 Box 6.2 Electoral systems There are generally three ‘families’ of electoral systems: • majoritarian systems: FPP, SB and the alternative vote (AV); • mixed systems: MM; and • proportional systems: STV, LPR. The UK stands out as a country that uses almost all of those systems – the exception being the SB. STV is used in Northern Ireland; MM for elections to the Scottish Parliament and to the assemblies in London and Wales; AV for the London mayoral election; FPP for elections to the House of Commons; and LPR – the most widely used system on the

in The politics of participation
Open Access (free)
Corruption, community and duty in Family Matters
Peter Morey

Janata Party). This success represented the culmination of thirty years of activism by the Shiv Sena in Bombay, fuelled by its charismatic and ruthless leader, the Senapati, Bal Thackeray, which had seen the organisation develop from a cadre concerned with employment opportunities for Maharashtrian speakers to a major player in the Hindu nationalist movement on the metropolitan, and hence national, stage.2 Drawing on its appeal to a broad spectrum of the Bombay population, and raising the banner of Hindu majoritarianism, or Hindutva, the Shiv Sena exploited the

in Rohinton Mistry
Liora Lazarus

pragmatic dislike of categorical idealism, and critical legal realist arguments that point to the gap between rights talk and their realisation on the ground. Rights scepticism is rooted also in the strong tradition of political majoritarianism in English constitutional orthodoxy and its utilitarian underpinnings. That is not to say that the UK does not have a culture of liberty, one in which the common law has incrementally protected the negative freedoms that the law has permitted us to retain. But rights, as positive articulations of idealistic notions such as human

in Incarceration and human rights
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Edward Ashbee

significant part in structuring American political life. A 2010 poll of New York voters found that 76 per cent of respondents believed in the ‘central importance’ of the US Constitution (Lane and Barnette, 2011 : 7–13). They are right to say this. The Constitution does indeed provide the basic framework within which political processes take place. Furthermore, although some regard the counter-majoritarian elements in the Constitution (such as the structure of the Senate, which can allow the small states to out-vote the most

in US politics today (fourth edition)
Shizuka Oshitani

shown that consensus corporatism and majoritarian pluralism, as contrasting institutional systems, give a good vantage point for analysing global warming policy in Japan and Britain. However, this institutional approach has little explanatory power in accounting for the fundamental Interests, institutions and global warming 231 constraints on carbon dioxide mitigation policy. For this, we have to turn to the characteristics of the global warming problem and their effects on the political behaviour of actors operating in liberal democracies. International influences

in Global warming policy in Japan and Britain
Timothy Noël Peacock

classified files, released in the years up to and after 2015. These documents challenge the 2 The British tradition of minority government mythology that dominates historical accounts, documentary films and television news programmes, in particular the contention that the minority governments of this era were weak, unthinking aberrations, alien to Britain’s otherwise strong majoritarian political traditions. Using these newly available sources, including Labour and Conservative strategy papers, this study provides fresh perspective on 1970s Britain and on the country

in The British tradition of minority government