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Art, process, archaeology

This book presents a study of material images and asks how an appreciation of the making and unfolding of images and art alters archaeological accounts of prehistoric and historic societies. With contributions focusing on case studies including prehistoric Britain, Scandinavia, Iberia, the Americas and Dynastic Egypt, and including contemporary reflections on material images, it makes a novel contribution to ongoing debates relating to archaeological art and images. The book offers a New Materialist analysis of archaeological imagery, with an emphasis on considering the material character of images and their making and unfolding. The book reassesses the predominantly representational paradigm of archaeological image analysis and argues for the importance of considering the ontology of images. It considers images as processes or events and introduces the verb ‘imaging’ to underline the point that images are conditions of possibility that draw together differing aspects of the world. The book is divided into three sections: ‘Emergent images’, which focuses on practices of making; ‘Images as process’, which examines the making and role of images in prehistoric societies; and ‘Unfolding images’, which focuses on how images change as they are made and circulated. The book features contributions from archaeologists, Egyptologists, anthropologists and artists. The contributors to the book highlight the multiple role of images in prehistoric and historic societies, demonstrating that archaeologists need to recognise the dynamic and changeable character of images.

Joe Turner

2 Making love, making empire On 19 April 1899 a troupe of South African ‘tribal’ groups landed at Southampton docks on the South Coast of England. Later that month they were due to perform a central role in the Earl’s Court exhibition Savage South Africa. Local reports claimed that ‘among the effects were over 200 natives of South African tribes, a number of Boer families, representatives of the mounted police, and a number of animals’ (Shephard 1986: 97). Early film footage, archived by the Colonial Film Project, shows the apparent moment when the groups

in Bordering intimacy
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

accelerating digitisation of beneficiary bodies, and increasing data and private-sector involvement in humanitarian aid. 3 I want to focus on how these developments, the miniaturisation and personalisation of ICT technology and a growing interface with biotechnology are co-producing what I call ‘intimate humanitarian objects’ for use by individual beneficiaries on or inside their bodies ( Jasanoff, 2004 ). The object of my analysis is the making of ‘humanitarian wearables’. 4 These are

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Orphanhood, kinship, and cultural memory in contemporary American novels

Making Home explores the orphan child as a trope in contemporary US fiction, arguing that in times of perceived national crisis concerns about American identity, family, and literary history are articulated around this literary figure. The book focuses on orphan figures in a broad, multi-ethnic range of contemporary fiction by Barbara Kingsolver, Linda Hogan, Leslie Marmon Silko, Marilynne Robinson, Michael Cunningham, Jonathan Safran Foer, John Irving, Kaye Gibbons, Octavia Butler, Jewelle Gomez, and Toni Morrison. It also investigates genres as carriers of cultural memory, looking particularly at the captivity narrative, historical fiction, speculative fiction, the sentimental novel, and the bildungsroman. From a decisively literary perspective, Making Home engages socio-political concerns such as mixed-race families, child welfare, multiculturalism, and racial and national identity, as well as shifting definitions of familial, national, and literary home. By analyzing how contemporary novels both incorporate and resist gendered and raced literary conventions, how they elaborate on symbolic and factual meanings of orphanhood, and how they explore kinship beyond the nuclear and/or adoptive family, this book offers something distinctly new in American literary studies. It is a crucial study for students and scholars interested in the links between literature and identity, questions of inclusion and exclusion in national ideology, and definitions of family and childhood.

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WeMake, a makerspace in Milan
Ilaria Vanni

3 Making otherwise: WeMake, a makerspace in Milan Uno spazio dove le persone possono incontrarsi, imparare, riparare, produrre e sperimentare. Un luogo per chi ha bisogno di spazio o strumenti per progetti e attività. Una community con cui condividere idee e progetti. Una palestra dove imparare a lavorare in modo nuovo. (A space where people can meet, learn, repair, produce and experiment. A place for those who need space and tools for their projects and activities. A community to share ideas and projects. A place to learn to work in a new way.)1 Introduction

in Precarious objects
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Mary Bridges Adams and the fight for knowledge and power, 1855–1939
Author: Jane Martin

This book revisits the history of British socialism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in the light of the life and work of Mary Bridges Adams. Mary's activities within the Labour movement, and as a campaigner for improvements in working-class education, challenged established elites in ways that are important for understanding of this watershed period. The book first contains an overview of Mary's life with a focus on her route into the socialist movement. Then, the book presents micro-histories and uses prosopography to show that socialism is both lifestyle and a form of organised political activism. It puts these elements together to provide a bridge between the social, political and education history. The discussion of the issue of parental choice, considered in relation to her son's education biography, acts as mediator between the personal and the political, to examine the importance of education to the pioneering generation of British socialists. The book also contains a discussion of different aspects of Mary's political practice, in an attempt to formulate a new interpretation of the making of the British welfare state. It injects a gendered dimension into the analysis of the independent working-class education movement and examines Mary's social action and milieu in the First World War.

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More writing than welding
Tom Woodin

Making writers: more writing than welding 111 6 Making writers: more writing than welding Writing was not conceived as a technical process but involved significant personal and social change. People would learn a considerable amount in these groups and some would be completely transformed as writing became central to their lives. Paradoxically, the ‘educational’ effects of workshops could be more profound than those of formal classes, and Fed groups came to realise that effective learning took place in non-educational settings.1 This point had not been fully

in Working-class writing and publishing in the late twentieth century
David Goodway

3 The making of The Making David Goodway I have also learned a great deal from members of my tutorial classes, with whom I have discussed many of the themes treated here.1 So Edward Thompson acknowledges in the preface to The Making of the English Working Class; and this chapter examines primarily the way in which this great book grew out of his day-to-day work at the University of Leeds. As noted in chapter 2, he had been appointed in 1948, at the age of 24, as a staff tutor in the then Department of Extramural Studies. He lived in Halifax, the major town of

in E. P. Thompson and English radicalism
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Lester K. Little

convert to Christianity. While the model of sainthood had shifted, the designation of someone as worthy of veneration and hence of emulation remained the spontaneous act of a community, whether that community were a monastery, a city, a diocese, a kingdom, or a people in the sense of an entire ethnic or tribal group. The fame of many – perhaps most – saints, regardless of the size of the communities they came from, remained close to home, making it reasonable to think that untold numbers of saints’ cults came and went in the distant past without leaving traces. The

in Indispensable immigrants
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Kriston R. Rennie

a richer understanding of monastic exemption in the early Middle Ages, in turn revealing its inherent value to the papacy in making concessions to the law over many subsequent centuries. For medieval monasteries and their monks, papal privileges were more than just sophisticated legal formulations, principles, or systems; they were tangible, practical rights and exceptions to the canon law that permitted various and often immediate measures of freedom and protection. Acquiring a privilege from Rome represented the achievement of a

in Freedom and protection