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Oonagh McDonald

Chapter 3 Manipulation abounds In the previous chapter, market developments leading up to LIBOR being established as a formal benchmark were set out. Once that was achieved in 1986 and refined in 1998, LIBOR became the most widely used benchmark in the world with its 150 specific rates every weekday, 15 for each of the currencies listed below, of which the listings in the four leading currencies – US dollar, the euro, the British pound and the Swiss franc – were most frequently used. Among the most important derivatives depending on LIBOR were interest rate

in Holding bankers to account
Peter J. Martin

Chap 4 10/7/06 11:50 am Page 56 4 Music and manipulation Adorno’s theory of contemporary society begins with the claim of a system integration which has become total; thus he can regard the entire media of the culture industry only as a means of domination and must rate popular forms of art as phenomena of psychical regression. (Honneth, 1995: 81) Introduction The idea that people may be subject to manipulation by music is a familiar one, yet efforts to develop it sociologically soon run into difficulties. For one thing, the ‘manipulation’ in question

in Music and the sociological gaze
Ian Aitken

the … Behind every question in purely formal appearance stand serious and significant problems of human life, which cast their influence throughout the medium of the artistic configuration through which one finds or loses Man. We must resist manipulation, whether it is

in Lukácsian film theory and cinema
The Case of Mary Shelley‘s Frankenstein
Manuel Aguirre

Critical approaches to Gothic origins usually bear on theme and ideology rather than on textuality. This article argues both that by the side of thematic issues we must carefully examine the forms of Gothic and that, beyond the literary and philosophical, the folk sources of Gothic remain to be acknowledged. Making use of tools familiar to mythographer and folklorist, textual analysis of a passage from the 1831 edition of Mary Shelley‘s Frankenstein reveals this novel is built on the traditional narrative structure of the heroic quest; while Victor‘s tragic destiny is shown to result from a deliberate manipulation of traditional patterns.

Gothic Studies
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

This paper provides a critical analysis of post-humanitarianism with reference to adaptive design. At a time when precarity has become a global phenomenon, the design principle has sidelined the need for, or even the possibility of, political change. Rather than working to eliminate precarity, post-humanitarianism is implicated in its reproduction and governance. Central here is a historic change in how the human condition is understood. The rational Homo economicus of modernism has been replaced by progressive neoliberalism’s cognitively challenged and necessarily ignorant Homo inscius. Solidarity with the vulnerable has given way to conditional empathy. Rather than structural outcomes to be protected against, not only are humanitarian crises now seen as unavoidable, they have become positively developmental. Post-humanitarianism no longer provides material assistance – its aim is to change the behaviour of the precariat in order to optimise its social reproduction. Together with the construction of logistical mega-corridors, this process is part of late-capitalism’s incorporation of the vast informal economies of the global South. Building on progressive neoliberalism’s antipathy towards formal structures and professional standards, through a combination of behavioural economics, cognitive manipulation and smart technology, post-humanitarianism is actively involved in the elimination of the very power to resist.

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Arjun Claire

; and calling out the manipulation of humanitarian action ( Redfield, 2006 ). It is also a value signifier, capturing notions of humanity and solidarity, fired by a freewheeling spirit that cuts across borders and is unrestrained by the trappings of state power. It has also been conceptualised as a site where science meets morality, reconciling individual narrative testimony of suffering with objective epidemiological data ( Redfield, 2006 ). Témoignage as such is

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

-modern social phenomena, from ISIS to the Tea Party to the Hindu nationalist movement associated with the Bharatiya Janata Party ( Mishra, 2017 ). And latterly, with considerable contribution from contemporary technologies of mass communication and voter manipulation, it has been institutionalised through the ballot box. The election (or near-election) of demagogic, right-wing nationalists in Europe in recent years seems indicative of a growing preference for illiberal democracy in the cultural home of liberalism. In opposition to liberal

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sean Healy and Victoria Russell

principle of conspiracy forms the substance of this thought. (1987: 153) While the deliberate use of disinformation is mostly associated with authoritarian regimes, its use is also growing in ostensible democracies. Bradshaw and Howard (2019) found signs of ‘computational propaganda’ and the manipulation of public opinion and social media in over 70 countries in 2019, mostly prominent in China, especially in its state response to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

era of traditional, chemical photography, but it has become more difficult in the era of digital photography, in which editing and manipulation of photos is widespread, cheap and easy ( Taylor, 2000: 132 ). In fact, it is strained to breaking point now photographs are frequently disembodied from their producer and sent into the world without any detail of their provenance. Alarmingly, the technology that enables multimedia deception improves every day. Engineers and programmers have created software that can mimic voice exactly; and they are

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

distribution ‘cards’ and give everyone better access to food and other assistance. They are, then, a tool for protecting the most vulnerable ( UNHCR, n.d.a ). Wristbands are considered to be a comparatively low-tech, low-cost, low-trauma method of fixing. 6 However, as can be gauged from UNHCR documents, wristbands indicate an attitude of suspicion, where the main concern is to avoid manipulation: ‘In the wristband method of fixing, a single “tamper-proof” plastic bracelet is

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs