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Ninth-century histories, volume II
Author: Timothy Reuter

This book presents a rough translation of the Annals of Fulda (AF). By the ninth century annals were one of the major vehicles for historical writing within the Frankish empire. The AF are the principal narrative source written from a perspective east of the Rhine for the period in which the Carolingian Empire gave way to a number of successor kingdoms, including the one which was to become Germany. AF offer the major narrative account of the east Frankish kingdom from the death of Louis the Pious down to the end of the ninth century. The surviving manuscripts are only an echo of what must once have been a much more extensive transmission, to judge by the use made of AF by a number of later annalists and compilers. The brief description of the manuscript tradition must be amplified by looking at the content of the annals. For the years 714 to 830 the work is undoubtedly a compilation which draws on earlier annals, in particular on the Royal Frankish Annals and the Lorsch Frankish Chronicle, with occasional use of other smaller sets of annals and saints' lives. The account of the origins of AF was heavily criticised by Siegmund Hellmann in a number of articles written some fifteen years after the appearance of Friedrich Kurze's edition in 1891.

Dan Geffrey with the New Poete

This is a much-needed volume that brings together established and early career scholars to provide new critical approaches to the relationship between Geoffrey Chaucer and Edmund Spenser. By reading one of the greatest poets of the Middle Ages alongside one of the greatest poets of the English Renaissance, this collection poses questions about poetic authority, influence and the nature of intertextual relations in a more wide-ranging manner than ever before. With its dual focus on authors from periods often conceived as radically separate, the collection also responds to current interests in periodisation. This approach will engage academics, researchers and students of medieval and early modern culture.

The Franks between theory and practice
Alice Rio

texts, between the different collections. Connections and intersections in the manuscript tradition show a very fertile and changing ensemble: the impression is one of a general pool of available material transmitted according to a complex pattern of diffusion, in which collections mattered less than individual texts. The transmission of formulae was a constant and continuous process of modification

in Frankland
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Chaucer and romance in the manuscript tradition
Gareth Griffith

how texts are received. Andrew King has shown in detail the ways in which romance narratives from the late Middle English period bequeathed a wealth of matter and manner for the use of sixteenth-century romancers, with Spenser chief among them. 11 Chaucer’s work, although not considered in detail in King’s book, is also a part of that tradition of romance on which Spenser draws. As such, he too is also subject to redefinition over time; looking at the manuscript tradition makes it possible to see this process in action, and

in Rereading Chaucer and Spenser
Yitzhak Hen

’s poem), 42r–66r (Collatio), 66v–74r (Epistolae). On the manuscript tradition of Alcuin’s poem and the Epistolae, see Epistolae Senecae ad Paulum et Pauli ad Senecam, ed. Barlow, pp.  8–69 and 94–104; Epistolario apocrifo di Seneca e San Paolo, ed. Bocciolini-Palagi, pp.  45–47. On the manuscript tradition of the Collatio, see Steinmann, Alexander der Große, pp. 97–115. 45 Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale, lat. 2839–43, fols 1r–21r. For an edition, see Augustine, De disciplina Christiana, ed. R. Van der Plaetse, CCSL 46 (Turnhout, 1969), 707–24. 46 Brussels

in Religious Franks
Paul Fouracre and Richard A. Gerberding

Germaniae Historica series. The editors of the Monumenta selected only those works which they thought had been written very close to the period with which they were concerned, and the best proof of early composition was for them the existence of a manuscript tradition stretching back to that period. The age of the Acta Aunemundi could not be demonstrated in this way, for their early manuscript

in Late Merovingian France
Victor Skretkowicz

pivotal moment ends in travesty. Where Amyot’s text contains the chilling addition from the manuscript tradition, ‘elle […] saignera comme qui l’aurait tuée’ (p. 96), ‘she will bleed as if she had been slaughtered’, Thornley revels in adding metaphors of sadistic mutilation. Two vigorous male pastimes provide analogues to violent penetration, jousting with lances and pig

in European erotic romance
Amy C. Mulligan

converting the heroes, adventures and storied landscapes of the past into heightened verbal forms, preserving them through inscription onto LL’s pages. Place-making figures like Cú Chulainn, who story Ireland’s heroic landscape and mark the centrality of a spatial poetics in Ireland’s heroic literature, chart a path that culminates in the formalization of a placelore genre and manuscript tradition in which the landscape itself, Ireland, becomes the hero of the text. Notes

in A landscape of words
Thomas A. Prendergast

the time we get to the final tale the form has again changed as Harry Bailey turns to the Parson and asks him to ‘knytte up wel a greet mateere’ because ‘every man … hath toold his tale’.17 This revision of the plan for the work would seem to be reflected in the manuscript tradition. Most manuscripts, including He, explicitly link the Parson’s Prologue to Heavy The implausible atmosphere Prologue to the Tale of Beryn 129 the Manciple’s Tale (with its reference to Harbledown), making it a one-way journey in which each pilgrim tells one tale. Were the scribe

in Contemporary Chaucer across the centuries
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Eyal Poleg

, Feeding the Spirit and Awakening the Passion. Cultures of Religious Reading in the Late Middle Ages , ed. Sabrina Corbellini, Utrecht Studies in Medieval Literacy (Turnhout, 2013), pp. 71–91. 12 Christina von Nolcken, ‘Lay Literacy, The Democratization of God’s Laws and the Lollards’, in The Bible as Book: The Manuscript Tradition , ed. John L. Sharpe III and Kimberly Van Kampen (London, 1998), pp. 177–95; Fiona Somerset, Clerical Discourse and Lay Audience in Late Medieval England (Cambridge, 1998); Kantik Ghosh, The Wycliffite Heresy

in Approaching the Bible in medieval England