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Ninth-century histories, volume II
Author: Timothy Reuter

This book presents a rough translation of the Annals of Fulda (AF). By the ninth century annals were one of the major vehicles for historical writing within the Frankish empire. The AF are the principal narrative source written from a perspective east of the Rhine for the period in which the Carolingian Empire gave way to a number of successor kingdoms, including the one which was to become Germany. AF offer the major narrative account of the east Frankish kingdom from the death of Louis the Pious down to the end of the ninth century. The surviving manuscripts are only an echo of what must once have been a much more extensive transmission, to judge by the use made of AF by a number of later annalists and compilers. The brief description of the manuscript tradition must be amplified by looking at the content of the annals. For the years 714 to 830 the work is undoubtedly a compilation which draws on earlier annals, in particular on the Royal Frankish Annals and the Lorsch Frankish Chronicle, with occasional use of other smaller sets of annals and saints' lives. The account of the origins of AF was heavily criticised by Siegmund Hellmann in a number of articles written some fifteen years after the appearance of Friedrich Kurze's edition in 1891.

Dan Geffrey with the New Poete

This is a much-needed volume that brings together established and early career scholars to provide new critical approaches to the relationship between Geoffrey Chaucer and Edmund Spenser. By reading one of the greatest poets of the Middle Ages alongside one of the greatest poets of the English Renaissance, this collection poses questions about poetic authority, influence and the nature of intertextual relations in a more wide-ranging manner than ever before. With its dual focus on authors from periods often conceived as radically separate, the collection also responds to current interests in periodisation. This approach will engage academics, researchers and students of medieval and early modern culture.

The Franks between theory and practice
Alice Rio

texts, between the different collections. Connections and intersections in the manuscript tradition show a very fertile and changing ensemble: the impression is one of a general pool of available material transmitted according to a complex pattern of diffusion, in which collections mattered less than individual texts. The transmission of formulae was a constant and continuous process of modification

in Frankland
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Chaucer and romance in the manuscript tradition
Gareth Griffith

how texts are received. Andrew King has shown in detail the ways in which romance narratives from the late Middle English period bequeathed a wealth of matter and manner for the use of sixteenth-century romancers, with Spenser chief among them. 11 Chaucer’s work, although not considered in detail in King’s book, is also a part of that tradition of romance on which Spenser draws. As such, he too is also subject to redefinition over time; looking at the manuscript tradition makes it possible to see this process in action, and

in Rereading Chaucer and Spenser
Yitzhak Hen

’s poem), 42r–66r (Collatio), 66v–74r (Epistolae). On the manuscript tradition of Alcuin’s poem and the Epistolae, see Epistolae Senecae ad Paulum et Pauli ad Senecam, ed. Barlow, pp.  8–69 and 94–104; Epistolario apocrifo di Seneca e San Paolo, ed. Bocciolini-Palagi, pp.  45–47. On the manuscript tradition of the Collatio, see Steinmann, Alexander der Große, pp. 97–115. 45 Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale, lat. 2839–43, fols 1r–21r. For an edition, see Augustine, De disciplina Christiana, ed. R. Van der Plaetse, CCSL 46 (Turnhout, 1969), 707–24. 46 Brussels

in Religious Franks
Paul Fouracre and Richard A. Gerberding

Germaniae Historica series. The editors of the Monumenta selected only those works which they thought had been written very close to the period with which they were concerned, and the best proof of early composition was for them the existence of a manuscript tradition stretching back to that period. The age of the Acta Aunemundi could not be demonstrated in this way, for their early manuscript

in Late Merovingian France
Amy C. Mulligan

converting the heroes, adventures and storied landscapes of the past into heightened verbal forms, preserving them through inscription onto LL’s pages. Place-making figures like Cú Chulainn, who story Ireland’s heroic landscape and mark the centrality of a spatial poetics in Ireland’s heroic literature, chart a path that culminates in the formalization of a placelore genre and manuscript tradition in which the landscape itself, Ireland, becomes the hero of the text. Notes

in A landscape of words
Victor Skretkowicz

pivotal moment ends in travesty. Where Amyot’s text contains the chilling addition from the manuscript tradition, ‘elle […] saignera comme qui l’aurait tuée’ (p. 96), ‘she will bleed as if she had been slaughtered’, Thornley revels in adding metaphors of sadistic mutilation. Two vigorous male pastimes provide analogues to violent penetration, jousting with lances and pig

in European erotic romance
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Timothy Reuter

found in the Annals of St-Bertin ) relating to the dispute between Pope Nicholas I and the archbishops Gunther of Cologne and Theodgaud of Trier, which are referred to in the text offered by groups 1 and 2 as being available in a number of archives and hence not needing repetition in the work itself. 14 This brief description of the manuscript tradition must be amplified by looking at the content of the annals. For the

in The Annals of Fulda
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Popular mercy in a vengeance culture
Philippa Byrne

see how mercy (and anxiety around the use of mercy) might make its way out into the world. The chief example I wish to examine is known under the heading of ‘The Four Daughters of God’. As such, it represents a fairly complex textual tradition and a more fiercely complex manuscript tradition. At its heart is an allegory which derives ultimately from the text of Psalms lxxxv.10, ‘mercy and truth have met each other, justice and peace have kissed ( misericordia et veritas obviaverunt sibi; iustitia et pax osculatae sunt )’. 3 Both in early

in Justice and mercy