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Cartographic temporalities

The digital era has brought about huge transformations in the map itself, which to date have been largely conceptualised in spatial terms. The emergence of novel objects, forms, processes and approaches in the digital era has, however, posed a swathe of new, pressing questions about the temporality of digital maps and contemporary mapping practices, and in spite of its implicit spatiality, digital mapping is strongly grounded in time. In this peer-reviewed collection we bring time back into the map, taking up Doreen Massey's critical concern for 'ongoing stories' in the world, but asking how mapping continues to wrestle with the difficulty of enrolling time into these narratives, often seeking to ‘freeze’ and ‘fix’ the world, in lieu of being able to, in some way, represent, document or capture dynamic phenomena. This collection examines how these processes are impacted by digital cartographic technologies that, arguably, have disrupted our understanding of time as much as they have provided coherence. The book consists of twelve chapters that address different kinds of digital mapping practice and analyse these in relation to temporality. Cases discussed range from locative art projects, OpenStreetMap mapping parties, sensory mapping, Google Street View, visual mapping, smart city dashboards and crisis mapping. Authors from different disciplinary positions consider how a temporal lens might focus attention on different aspects of digital mapping. This kaleidoscopic approach generates a rich plethora for understanding the temporal modes of digital mapping. The interdisciplinary background of the authors allows multiple positions to be developed.

Open Access (free)
A reassessment
Jon Seligman, Paul Bauman, Richard Freund, Harry Jol, Alastair McClymont, and Philip Reeder

The Ponar-Paneriai base, the main extermination site of Vilna-Vilnius, began its existence as a Red Army fuel depot in 1940. After Nazi occupation of the city in 1941 the Einsatzgruppen and mostly Lithuanian members of the Ypatingasis būrys used the pits dug for the fuel tanks for the murder of the Jews of Vilna and large numbers of Polish residents. During its operation, Ponar was cordoned off, but changes to the topography of the site since the Second World War have made a full understanding of the site difficult. This article uses contemporary plans and aerial photographs to reconstruct the layout of the site, in order to better understand the process of extermination, the size of the Ponar base and how the site was gradually reduced in size after 1944.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Chris Perkins and Kate McLean

geographical roles that smell can play. Sight allows fixed perceptions of the world to emerge, be mapped and shared but the more mutable, contingent and ambiguous qualities of smell present interesting challenges for researchers. It is these challenges involving juxtapositions of vision and smell that form the focus of this chapter. The geographies wrapped up with smell relate to our everyday experiences and the mapping of these perceptions and their affects has great potential for revealing hitherto unseen social and cultural norms. The mundane can become

in Mundane Methods
Peter Holland

but the partial mappings and explorations, the study of regionality that made up the new early modern discipline of chorography, not only the delineation on the map but also the description, the analytic account both of the landscape and the history of human interventions on that landscape, in towns and castles, villages and battlegrounds, the whole course of human activity which is

in Shakespeare’s histories and counter-histories
Considerations and consequences
Thomas Sutherland

8 Mapping the space of flows: considerations and consequences Thomas Sutherland For many years now, scholars in geography, as well as other areas of the social sciences, have mounted a sustained challenge to the traditional theorisations of mapping which, in the words of Nigel Thrift (1996: 7), ‘claim to re-present some naturally present reality’. There is, as such, little need to further rehearse such debates.1 At the same time though, what we do need is greater theoretical intervention into the practices of representation that are inherent within mapping, and

in Time for mapping
Abstract only
Mary Gilmartin

2 Mapping migration When Ernest Ravenstein published his ‘laws of migration’ in 1885, he illustrated his findings with a series of maps (Ravenstein 1885). Most of the maps show where internal migrants in the United Kingdom lived: these included maps of ‘the national element’, ‘the Irish element’, ‘the Scotch element’ and ‘the English element’. But one map attempts to show the movement of migrants (see Figure 2.1). It is entitled ‘Currents of Migration’, and at first glance it is difficult to make sense of. The map is in black and white and hand drawn, and is a

in Ireland and migration in the twenty-first century
Irish Travellers and the Questionnaire
Mícheál Ó hAodha

05 Insubordinate Irish 050-079 5 13/6/11 14:23 Page 50 Mapping ‘difference’: Irish Travellers and the Questionnaire I have briefly traced the development of the Irish ‘Othering’ tradition as encompassed in a reiterative and reductionist discourse because Ireland’s history of colonisation has meant that the ‘official’ version of the Irish people (including Irish Travellers) and Irish history is, it can be argued, itself a form of ‘Othering’. Healy’s statement regarding the ‘manufactured’ or mediated nature of much of the historical record can be seen to be

in ‘Insubordinate Irish’
A trialogue
Sybille Lammes, Kate McLean, and Chris Perkins

3 Mapping the quixotic volatility of smellscapes: a trialogue Sybille Lammes, Kate McLean and Chris Perkins The following trialogue recounts a three-way conversation/interview. During our exchange words and ideas overlapped, occurring simultaneously, or slightly offset, to two or all three of us at any one moment in time. The subject of our conversation was the temporality invoked within the practices of smellscape mapping. To recount the conversation as sequential would be disingenuous, omitting any moments of cross-thinking, as well as leaving the visuals

in Time for mapping
Chris Perkins and Martin Dodge

Visual representations have often played a crucial role in imagining future urban forms. In the aftermath of the Second World War, a noteworthy new genre of urban plan was published in Britain, most deploying seductively optimistic illustrations of ways forward not only for the reconstruction of bomb-damaged towns and cities but also for places left largely undamaged. Visual representations have often played a crucial role in imagining future urban forms. In the aftermath of the Second World War, a noteworthy new genre of urban plan was published in Britain, most deploying seductively optimistic illustrations of ways forward not only for the reconstruction of bomb-damaged towns and cities but also for places left largely undamaged. This paper assesses the contribution of visual elements in this,process with a detailed case study of the maps, statistical charts, architectural drawings and photographs enrolled into the 1945 City of Manchester Plan. The cultural production of these visual representations is evaluated. Our analysis interprets the form, symbology and active work of different imagery in the process of reimagining Manchester, but also assesses the role of these images as markers of a particular moment in the cultural economy of the city. This analysis is carried out in relation to the ethos of the Plan as a whole.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Batticaloa and the east
Rebecca Walker

2 Mapping spaces and lives: Batticaloa and the east A lack of space One of the things that became most apparent to me during my time in Batticaloa was the lack of space: a lack of physical space, emotional space, space to think, space to talk and to act, space to relax – space to do what one wanted without premeditation, planning, and the expectation of disruption. Where physical barriers mapped out the town, militarisation and the anticipation of violence circumscribed behaviour and kept people tightly anchored to strategies of silence and protection

in Enduring violence