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How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be Improved?
Aditya Sarkar, Benjamin J. Spatz, Alex de Waal, Christopher Newton, and Daniel Maxwell

several severe complex emergencies (North-east Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Yemen, Syria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). 4 Our research from those cases 5 finds that a dominant logic of elite political behaviour is the political marketplace (PM). This applies where transactional politics (the day-to-day use of coercion/violence or material incentives among members of the elite) trumps the functioning of formal rules and institutions. Such transactional

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Helen Pallett

The rise of the internet, and social media in particular, has been hailed as the ultimate embodiment of the long-promised ‘marketplace of ideas’; an enduring metaphor which has been used as a foundation for interpreting the right of freedom of expression, particularly in the US context. This metaphor has been a seductive one in Western politics, implying the free exchange of views and information between equals in order to reach higher truths. Creating an analogy with the free market trade in goods and services, the metaphor has been applied to diverse domains

in The free speech wars
Louise Hill Curth

Chapter 1 - The medical marketplace, popular medicine and print culture The Subject Matter of our Discourse is the Art of Healing, which we have considered in a twofold Relation, to wit, Astrall and Physical: wherein we have laboured to unfold the principal secrets thereof, in both general and special Terms, that so by a plain and perspicious Method, we might make the matter intelligible, even to a very mean understanding, and fit for ordinary use in Practise.1 I n order to understand the importance of almanacs, it is necessary to begin with a broader

in English almanacs, astrology and popular medicine: 1550–1700
Road Trips, Globalisation, and the War on Terror
Kyle William Bishop

American zombie Gothic films have changed markedly in their tone, style, and structure since September 11, an evolution that expands the Gothic mode to include the mobility of the narratives protagonists, a popularisation of the movies, and an increased engagement with a multi-ethnic international community. To remain timely, relevant, and commercially viable, such alterations must occur, and these shifts in particular can best be explained by the changing cinematic marketplace, the influence of videogames, and the policies and anxieties resulting from the (inter)national trauma of 9/11 and the War on Terror. This essay examines the film version of World War Z as a key text for exploring the current transition from a localised siege narrative to an international kind of road trip movie, a shift largely tied to the popularity of zombie-themed videogames.

Gothic Studies
Jessica Coatesworth

The first 100 years of printing in Europe was a vibrant period full of innovation and adaptation. Continental printers controlled the production of Latin books, many of which were imported into England. English printers worked hard to create an audience for their editions and achieved,this by adopting specific design features from the Latin editions. Yet despite this connection, English printing is often studied in separation from European printing. This article studies the Golden Legend, a hagiographic text popular throughout England and Europe, and shows that the two traditions were interrelated, especially in book design. On the continent, printers found themselves in a crowded marketplace and some adopted established designs to target a particular audience. In contrast, English printers were inspired by the design of continental books. Design was governed by the intended audience but not restricted to national demarcations. Not only was English printing integrated with European printing, it sustained a distinctive character while remaining part of the European tradition.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Editors’ Introduction
Tanja R. Müller and Gemma Sou

fix was preceded by and is strongly related to the understanding of the humanitarian arena as a marketplace in which different actors compete. This approach has resulted, for example, in ‘innovation laboratories’ within the wider UN system modelled on management thinking in the business sector ( Bloom and Faulkner, 2016 ). In contrast, other institutions, including the Elhra (Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance) Innovation Fund, call for a more holistic

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Infectious Disease
Duncan McLean and Michaël Neuman

infectious diseases emerge. Stepping back from the politics of infectious disease, a research synthesis and book review are included in this issue. Aditya Sarkar et al. provide an overview of longstanding work on the political marketplace framework (PMF) and mass starvation, aimed at improving humanitarian analysis, early warning and response. The PMF highlights the role of transactional politics over formal rules and institutions in forms that are ‘monetized and coercive, often overtly

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

, have been accused of becoming a fetish: objects with seemingly magical powers that emerge from nowhere, obscuring far more serious political and economic inequalities ( Scott-Smith, 2013 , 2016 ). Shelter, like all the humanitarian clusters, has been subject to the winds of innovation, and a good place to see this is in action is at AidEx: a large humanitarian trade fair where inventors and entrepreneurs introduce their ‘innovative’ new products to the marketplace. AidEx is

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

contenders for power in the marketplace of local influence. Moments of crisis create opportunities for authority negotiation and competition. As our examples show, the terms of these contestations are influenced (but not determined) by long- and short-term histories. Each case tells a specific story. In the Kolobengou case in Guinea, it is apparent that the involvement of the ‘wrong’ elites through the CVV mechanism generated anger. In Kolobengou, local youths protested violently

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Middle-Aged Syrian Women’s Contributions to Family Livelihoods during Protracted Displacement in Jordan
Dina Sidhva, Ann-Christin Zuntz, Ruba al Akash, Ayat Nashwan, and Areej Al-Majali

. Easton-Calabria , E. ( 2017 ), ‘ Research in Brief: Refugee Self-Reliance: Moving Beyond the Marketplace ’, RSC Research in Brief 7 , University of Oxford , www.rsc.ox.ac.uk/publications/refugee-self-reliance-moving-beyond-the-marketplace (accessed 11 October 2020

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs