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Essays on Rudyard Kipling
Editor: Jan Montefiore

This book is a collection of essays on Rudyard Kipling and brings historical, literary critical and postcolonial approaches to this perennially controversial writer. The first and fairest thing to say about Kipling is that he has borne a brilliant part in recovering the lost provinces of poetry. Kipling's morality is the morality of someone who has to prove that God is not responsible for part of the world, and that the Devil is. Kipling's imperialist opinions became more strident after the Boer War he lost the esteem of British literary intellectuals, whom he in turn despised. The book addresses Kipling's approach to the Boer war, his involvement with World War One, his Englishness and the politics of literary quotation. It demonstrates the effects of a Kipling-conditioned world on Edward Thomas, Ivor Gurney and David Jones. The book focuses on Kipling's collection of stories and accompanying poems, Actions and Reactions, which was published in October 1909. It also probes the historical subtext of the children's fable Rikki-Tikki-Tavi and Indian history, Kipling's search for God, and his longest Indian experience of footloose travel in the Native states of North India. Stalky & Co is the text of Kipling's which features the largest number of quotations. Kipling's notion of the ideally masculine 'army man' in relation to contemporary late Victorian discourses and practices of same-sex passion is analyzed. The book also addresses Kipling's views on the question of fascism, anti-Semitism and the 'doctrine of racial superiority'.

Persia, masculinity, and conversion in early seventeenth-century travel writing and drama
Chloë Houston

Due to what Alan Bray has called the ‘uncertainty in masculine friendship’, such potential was always present, and references to nighttime meetings and physical closeness between the two men suggest the possibility that the boundaries between friendship and sexual intimacy might be blurred. If ‘the outline of the “sodomite” . . . [was] never very far from the flower

in Conversions
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Jan Montefiore

Dass in ‘Morrowbie Jukes’ and the more subtly comic Hurree Babu of Kim (which is not, of course, to say that either is simply reducible to his creator’s fear and anger at Indian nationalism).17 The discussions by Dan Jacobson of Kipling’s responses to the Boer War and its implications for the British Empire, by Howard Booth of his conceptions of sexual identity and of masculine friendship, by me of the ‘Letters of Marque’, and by Bryan Cheyette of the attitudes to Jews in Kipling’s fiction throughout his lifetime, all draw on this new evidence, especially that of the

in In Time’s eye
Cristóbal Rodríguez Alva’s La inquieta Flandes (1594)
Miguel Martínez

about Rodríguez Alva’s text is the naturalness with which it narrates masculinized friendship and same-­sex love in the army of Flanders. Erotic restraint was certainly a crucial aspect of military discipline, and sodomy, moreover, was harshly and summarily punished in the tercios.41 And yet, some soldiers defied orders and wrote about it. Andrés Rey de Artieda, another soldier who served in the Low Countries in the late sixteenth century, rewrote the Iliadic story of Achilles and Patroclus in one sonnet titled ‘Vínculo de amistad’.42 Soldierly intimacy in the

in Early modern war narratives and the Revolt in the Low Countries
Stephen Orgel

extension, of her father’s – “Her father loved me,” Othello says, “oft invited me” (I.3.128). Brabantio to the contrary notwithstanding, the marriage is presented as the logical climax to a patronage relationship, the traditional confirmation of masculine friendship – traditionally a happy ending, certainly, but one that also often constitutes the beginning of

in Spectacular Performances
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Friendship and treason in Robin Chapman’s One of Us and Blunt: The Fourth Man
Jonathan Bolton

wholesomeness and childhood innocence that is threatened by this intrusion from an old friend. 19 Margie brings Burgess a glass of wine, but he offends her hospitality by calling it “piss and wind.”  20 He then ridicules Rees's work as a bursar for Oxford University (“where would Oxbridge be without extensive slums and glorious grouse moors”) and manipulates conversation in ways that favor masculine friendship and discount Margie's spousal rights. 21

in The Blunt Affair
Debbie Palmer

mental hospitals in this period because girls’ sole interest was ‘masculine friendships’ and not education and training and this was thought to be deterring more suitable candidates. It is difficult to know whether the ultimatum given to attendant Garnett T. either to lose three years’ service or to face dismissal unless he married pregnant nurse Hannah F. within one month arose because Garnett had broken hospital rules or because Rivers was determined to instil a code of morality.111 CMH nurses’ lives differed significantly during the Second World War from the First

in Who cared for the carers?
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Shakespeare, Jonson and the circulation of theatrical ideas
John Drakakis

dramatist who can persuade both onstage and offstage audience to ‘awake [their] faith’ in the performance itself. This reunion of the family and of masculine friendship, cemented by the impending marriage of Perdita and Florizel, takes the play beyond the tragic conclusion of Othello and into a realm beyond that of the comic Much Ado About Nothing . I have argued that in a particular group of plays it is possible to discern a series of intertextual relations that extend far beyond questions of ‘source’ and ‘influence

in Shakespeare’s resources
Open Access (free)
Philip Roth, antisemitism and the Holocaust
David Brauner

dismisses Treslove’s professions of love, telling him ‘[t]hat was Sam you were doing it to . . . doing him or doing him over, let’s not finesse here’ (76), and later assuring him that she ‘know[s] the bizarre way masculine friendship works’; that she is ‘a means for you two to work out your rivalry’ (117). Although Treslove denies to Tyler that she is the conduit through which he attains intimacy with Finkler, he does find himself wondering ‘whether following Finkler into his wife’s vagina was a pleasure in itself’ (78–79) and also ‘whether Finkler had, in effect

in Howard Jacobson
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Forms of shared distraction
Andrew Ginger

In the mood of repose, we encounter a possibility that seems more familiar in the theory of culture: the notion of a decentring or attenuation in which mastery is relinquished and an affect of weakness predominates, from Derrida’s dissemination to Vattimo’s weak thought or Dimock’s weak networks. In the continual distraction from a centre, connections are formed. These kinds of outlook have often been seen as legacies of mid-century modernity, for example through influential accounts of Flaubert’s prose. But this chapter does not sentimentalise nineteenth-century notions of repose, nor does it limit them to such perspectives. It recognises the often uncomfortable, apparently alien nature of these mid-century meditations, their implication with prejudice and imperialism. It sees them as shadows of the other three moods. The chapter itself is decentred, moving through distractions from the hallucinatory, meditative effects of Fortuny’s and Courbet’s painting by way of speculative scientific treatises, to deliberate deflection from history’s violent dominant heart in Latin American writing, to serene versions of paintings of empire’s origins and legacies, and the deathliness and emptiness of visions of novelty and modernity in France and Spain. It turns to possibility of an all-embracing vision from an apparently tangential viewpoint, whether in Darwin’s garden, Thoreau’s Walden, through the eyes of a Spanish artisan, or an obsessive dwelling on donkeys. The chapter culminates with a return to a now lesser Faust in rural Andalusia.

in Instead of modernity