Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 521 items for :

  • "mass culture" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Stephen Gundle

5 Mass culture and the cult of personality Stephen Gundle This chapter examines the way in which modern innovations in communications, transport and the sensory environment assisted the rise and development of the cult of Mussolini. The 1910s and 1920s witnessed the emergence of new forms of fame in various spheres including politics. Mussolini emerged as a new man in an age that witnessed the rise of Theodore Roosevelt, Charlie Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford, Charles Lindbergh, and – in the Italian context – the Futurist Filippo Tommaso Marinetti

in The cult of the Duce
Duy Lap Nguyen

Mass culture in the later Republic v 5 v Mass culture in the later Republic What … is done against Vietnam will be felt in America too. It is not enough to try to kill or subdue the … leaders of a country … because one wants to transform [it] … into a satellite. To kill or subdue is easy, but what happens afterwards? … [N]obody can rule Vietnam with just money and puppets. … In spite of all the distortion … directed by that international Communist propaganda network … Ngo only wanted to give to Vietnam its own identity, which cannot be the same as the one

in The unimagined community
Manuel Benítez ‘El Cordobés’ and Raphael
Duncan Wheeler

form of depoliticisation, a textbook example of the totalitarian impulse Theodor Adorno diagnosed at the heart of mass-produced popular music, organised ‘into a system of response mechanisms wholly antagonistic to the ideal of individuality in a free, liberal society’. 79 As Tania Modleski remarks: ‘It is one of the greatest ironies in the development of mass-culture theory that the people who were first responsible for pointing out the political importance of mass art simultaneously provided the justification for slighting it.’ 80 Dissidents under

in Following Franco
Mussolini and the Italians

This book provides the multifaceted analysis of the genesis, functioning and decline of the personality cult surrounding Benito Mussolini, the dictator who ruled Italy. It explores one of the ways in which Mussolini suppressed aspects of his personal life to suit the image that he sought to forge as he made his bid for power and then set about creating the Fascist regime. The book looks at the evolution of the iconography of the Duce in both painting and sculpture and at the links between formal elements and some of the aesthetic and ideological traits of the cult of Mussolini. It then reviews the history of Mussolini's presence on Italian television through the programmes which reshaped perceptions of his character to such an extent that, in the national imaginary, the man became almost completely detached from Fascism. The book examines how Margherita Sarfatti attempted to redefine the notions of the state, the leader and his relationship with the people. Focusing in particular on Mussolini's image and on his corporeality as presented in the biography, the book further demonstrates how in Dux Mussolini was portrayed as embodying the qualities of romanita and modernity. These were seen as essential both to Fascism and its leader. The analysis of the image of Mussolini presented in Dux sheds light on some issues related to the construction of the cult of personality and the manufacturing of charismatic leadership. It does this both within the Fascist project and in the age of mass culture.

Dance floor encounters and the global rise of couple dancing, c. 1910–40
Authors: Klaus Nathaus and James Nott

Worlds of social dancing explores the huge growth of couple dancing in commercial venues across the globe as a major trend in the history of popular culture in the era of the two World Wars. Looking out for the appearance of modern steps around the geographical world, it also shines a light on the social world of dancing, where conventions that were specific to this realm shaped the conduct of its population. It considers how significant these ‘worlds of dancing’ were for class, gender, race and inter-generational relations, for personal relationships and social interactions. In case studies from Buenos Aires to Tokyo, from Manchester to Johannesburg and from Chelyabinsk to Auckland, the anthology also examines how dance cultures spread around the world and analyses their local adaptations. Finally, the volume asks how, and with what consequences, the mass culture of radio and film affected social dancing as an institution in various parts of the globe.

Abstract only
Mass and Propaganda. An Inquiry Into Fascist Propaganda (Siegfried Kracauer, 1936)
Nicholas Baer

Written in French exile, the following text by Siegfried Kracauer from December 1936 outlines a research project that the German-Jewish intellectual undertook with funding from the Institute for Social Research. The work outlined here would be a study of totalitarian propaganda in Germany and Italy through sustained comparison with communist and democratic countries, especially the Soviet Union and the United States. Appearing in English translation for the first time, this document from Kracauer‘s estate is crucial for a full understanding of his career as a sociologist, cultural critic, film theorist and philosopher, demonstrating the global scope of his engagement with cinema, mass culture and modernity.

Film Studies
Representing naval manhood in the British Empire, 1870–1918
Author: Mary A. Conley

The later nineteenth century was a time of regulation and codification, which was part of the Victorian search for reliability and respectability. This book examines the intersection between empire, navy, and manhood in British society from 1870 to 1918. It sheds light upon social and cultural constructions of working-class rather than elite masculinities by focusing on portrayals of non-commissioned naval men, the 'lower deck', rather than naval officers. Through an analysis of sources that include courts-martial cases, sailors' own writings, and the HMS Pinafore, the book charts new depictions of naval manhood during the Age of Empire. It was a period of radical transformation of the navy, intensification of imperial competition, democratisation of British society, and advent of mass culture. The book argues that popular representations of naval men increasingly reflected and informed imperial masculine ideals in Victorian and Edwardian Britain. It explains how imperial challenges, technological changes and domestic pressures transformed the navy and naval service from the wake of the Crimean War to the First World War. How female-run naval philanthropic organisations domesticated the reputation of naval men by refashioning the imagery of the drunken debauched sailor through temperance and evangelical campaigns is explained. The naval temperance movement was not singular in revealing the clear class dimensions in the portrayal of naval manhood. The book unveils how the British Bluejacket as both patriotic defender and dutiful husband and father stood in sharp contrast to the stereotypic image of the brave but bawdy tar of the Georgian navy.

The Ground Beneath Her Feet and Fury
Andrew Teverson

available are placed at the service of his mock-Satanic ambitions to own the city of Bombay, and, in owning it, eradicate any local character it might once have had. Rushdie’s following two novels, The Ground Beneath Her Feet and Fury , also take globalisation as a central theme. These latter fictions, however, tend to reflect more ambivalently upon the subject, since they focus upon global mass culture – a phenomenon in which Rushdie is able to discover egalitarian and utopian impulses flourishing alongside the darker machinations of international capital flows. On

in Salman Rushdie
Paul K. Jones

the culture industry is my other focus in this chapter, I will draw on some of Adorno's related writings to redress this view. German Romanticism was clearly connected with the rise of the völkisch ‘ideology’ that informed the Nazi appropriation of Volkgemeinschaft introduced in Chapter 5 . 8 It forms the core of Herf's anti-modern Romanticism. As Adorno made explicit in his 1967 ‘resumé’, ‘culture industry’ replaced his and Horkheimer's former use of ‘mass culture’ so as to avoid any

in Critical theory and demagogic populism
Nuclear themes in American culture, 1945 to the present
Paul Boyer

post-Cold War Russia, as ultranationalists seize the nuclear submarine base at Vladivostok and threaten to nuke the United States. When garbled orders reach a U.S.  nuclear sub, conflict erupts between the by-the-book captain, played by Gene Hackman, who is determined v 84 v Nuclear themes in American culture, 1945 to the present to launch a nuclear counterattack, and his executive officer, Denzel Washington, who urges caution. Other nuclear-themed mass-culture products of the 1990s focused on rogue states and terrorist groups. In Tom Clancy’s 1991 novel The Sum of

in Understanding the imaginary war