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Theatre as critic and conscience of Celtic Tiger Ireland
Vic Merriman

economic sovereignty from the neocolonial clutches of the EU/IMF Troika, by 2014–15. The problem is that what is being protected in the face of a wholesale withdrawal of the State and its services is the failed economic infrastructure. Minimum social guarantees are disappearing in the face of a frenzied assault by new beasts, whose ‘appetite for prey’ is greater than any tiger – the voracious demons of the global market economy. Since Ireland’s economic collapse, the social landscape is marked by abandoned homes, a collapse in living standards, closed-­up shops and mass

in From prosperity to austerity
Tina O’Toole

10 Adrienne Rich’s On Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence Tina O’Toole Introduction The 1980s are unlikely to be remembered positively by Irish feminists1 as it was a decade characterised primarily by a series of defeats such as the 1983 Pro-Life Constitutional Amendment and ensuing court cases taken by the anti-abortion movement against groups providing abortion information (Connolly, 2002: 155–84); by the death of Ann Lovett and the Joanne Hayes case;2 and by high unemployment and the concomitant re-emergence of mass emigration. Yet, despite this

in Mobilising classics
The era of inertia in corporate affairs
Joe McGrath

bombastic politicians and the clergy, rural Ireland was a ‘wasting society’ (Lee, 1989: 334). Many farmers had small non-viable holdings (Hannon and Commins, 1992). Mass emigration was so pronounced that the Irish were considered to be ‘vanishing’ (O’Brien, 1954). Of every five children born between 1931 and 1941 in Ireland, four of them emigrated in the 1950s (Tobin, 1984: 156). It is no wonder that historians have associated this period with terms like doom, drift, stagnation, crisis and malaise, with one Irish writer even describing 1950s Ireland as ‘the climate for

in Corporate and white-collar crime in Ireland
Bryan Fanning

. Neither have those made unemployed by the substitution of livestock for people. Emigration has given to Ireland, for over a century, conditions approximating to ‘full employment’ with no large pool of unemployed labour to form a source of competing non-unionised labour, working either as self -employed persons or for non-union firms. These virtually ‘full employment’ conditions brought about by mass emigration, have been fundamentally different from the normal conditions of massive, growing labour surpluses in the former capitalist colonies.21 As argued no less

in Immigration and social cohesion in the Republic of Ireland
Karlis Bukovskis and Ilvija Bruge

resulted in a rather quick macroeconomic recovery (for more discussion see Aslund, 2010 ; Aslund & Dombrovskis, 2011 ; Eihmanis, 2018 ), but the severe cuts in government budget spending of almost 14% naturally had a significant impact on the welfare of the general society. Latvian society came out of the financial crisis with the Gini coefficient at 37% in 2011 (Hansen, 2011 ), with unemployment only in 2015 falling below 10% (Central Statistical Bureau, 2016a ), with continued mass emigration for job opportunities in Ireland, the United Kingdom

in The European left and the financial crisis
International networks and the transmission of ideas
Mary Hilson

knowledge of agricultural co-operation outside Finland, but his examples were carefully chosen. In a lecture series delivered to university students in 1899 he described in some detail both the German Raiffeisen co-operatives and the French agricultural societies. However, his main source of inspiration came not from these ‘civilised nations’ (kulturländer), but from Ireland and Hungary. In Ireland’s ‘tragic history’ Gebhard saw direct parallels with the Finnish nationalists’ struggles against Russia, as well as with the problems of rural poverty and mass emigration.66 As

Piero Garofalo, Elizabeth Leake and Dana Renga

the many ‘escapes and landings’ from and to Lipari, Stromboli,Vulcano, Salina, Filicudi, Alicudi, and Panarea in twelve films and documentaries by some of Italy’s most canonical filmmakers, foremost of which are the director’s father and uncle. The sequence on the experience of internal exile lasts approximately ten minutes, and follows the introductory segment focusing on the large mountain of pumice mined by locals, several of whom in turn developed, the narrator ‘Figliodoro’ (Golden Sun) tells us, a deadly ‘lung illness’ that led to a mass emigration. Golden Sun

in Internal exile in Fascist Italy
Paul Kelemen

countries.65 The entry of each refugee was conditional on a British citizen or refugee organisation guaranteeing that the individual would be provided with financial support and, therefore, not be a burden on the state. To provide refugees entering the UK with financial support, the Central British Fund for German Jewry (CBF) became the principal co-ordinating body. In March 1936, it was re-formed as the Council for German Jewry, to expand and coordinate more effectively the work of assisting the mass emigration of German Jews. The organising committee from which the

in The British left and Zionism
Abstract only
Europe and its Muslim minorities
Amikam Nachmani

economic outlook acts as a pump to mass emigration from all Arab nations, particularly to Europe. The Islamic agenda and theology are said to lubricate this human movement. Outsiders describe Muslim population growth as a conspiracy, a cunning means to achieve political targets. Islam’s time, they say, is short, now or never, to fulfil its goal of world supremacy by exploiting the poor Arab and Muslim masses. The West in general and Europe in particular are seen as ageing and weak, economically sick and socially and politically bankrupted, hence the importance of timing

in Haunted presents
Abstract only
The Holocaust as a yardstick
Amikam Nachmani

. The mass emigration of Jewish European scientists from the early 1900s onward, mainly to England and North America, indeed depleted the continent’s scientific community. The 2004 Israeli Nobel Prize winner in chemistry Aaron Ciechanover (shared with the Israeli Avram Hershko and the American Irwin Rose) explained the ‘Jewish anomaly’ and the Nobel Prize. About a quarter of all Nobel laureates are Jews. This is rather astonishing, as Jews number less than one quarter of 1 per cent of the world’s population, meaning that the Jewish population pool that produced these

in Haunted presents