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Aidan Clarke

3 • The ‘1641 massacres’ aidan clarke The ‘1641 depositions’ have attracted a good deal of attention in recent years as the richness of the information they contain about all aspects of Irish society in the period has been recognised.1 Historically, interest in them has been very different. They have been known, or have been notorious, as the principal body of evidence of one of the most contentious episodes in Irish history, the alleged ‘massacres of 1641’. Generations of scholars and propagandists passionately affirmed or indignantly denied their veracity

in Ireland, 1641
Infanticide and solace in the seventeenth-century Low Countries
Stijn Bussels
Bram Van Oostveldt

2 The Massacre of the Innocents: infanticide and solace in the seventeenth-century Low Countries Stijn Bussels and Bram Van Oostveldt In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, many writers, dramatists and visual artists from the Low Countries told the biblical story of the Massacre of the Innocents. The dreadful story of Herod’s slaughter, from which Jesus narrowly escaped, had already been popular for centuries, but in this period it was represented remarkably often in the Dutch Republic, as well as in the Spanish Netherlands. The many

in The hurt(ful) body
Drawings by Peruvian Shining Path war survivors
Anouk Guiné

Iconography of a prison massacre: drawings by Peruvian Shining Path war survivors Anouk Guiné In Peru, many artists and their works are still under the strict surveillance of mainstream art and political institutions. The hostile climate is the product of a highly polarised country whose state ideological apparatuses are controlled by fierce opponents of the Partido Comunista del Perú (PCP, Communist Party of Peru), also known as Sendero Luminoso (SL, Shining Path). In 1963 after the Sino-Soviet split, the PCP began preparing a ‘proletarian revolution’. The

in Art, Global Maoism and the Chinese Cultural Revolution
Mass graves in post-war Malaysia
Frances Tay

10 Remembering the Japanese occupation massacres: mass graves in post-war Malaysia Frances Tay The violence visited upon British Malaya during the Japanese occupation of December 1941 to August 1945 has prompted several historians to evoke comparisons with the atrocities that befell Nanjing.1 During this time, numerous civilians were subjected to mass killings, summary executions, rape, forced labour, arbitrary detention, and torture. In particular, the shukusei (cleansing) or daikensho (big inspection) operation of February to April 1942 – known locally as the

in Human remains and identification
Experiences of the tragic and historiographical genres in Edward Herbert and George Herbert
Anne-Marie Miller-Blaise

Four days after the royal wedding of the Catholic Princess Margaret of Valois to the Huguenot King Henri of Navarre on August 18, 1572, which had drawn hopeful Protestants from across France and Europe to Paris, the city became the stage of a bloody tragedy. The Huguenot poet Aggripa d’Aubigné would later describe it as “the tragedy / That erases all else” (“ la tragedie / Qui efface le reste ”). 1 The execution of the French Reformed leader, Admiral Coligny, and the massacre of several thousands

in Edward and George Herbert in the European Republic of Letters
M. Anne Brown

THIS CHAPTER EXPLORES, through a discussion of one instance, how the principal categories of the Lockean narrative can shape the context for the understanding of and response to political injury. In the case of much Western response to the Beijing massacre the conceptualisation of man and the state is particularly important, as is the related articulation of the realms of ethics and politics. The following discussion of the Beijing killings also questions the adequacy of the terms of the debate between citizenship rights and human rights

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Martin Thomas

-level Muslim employees – those who most likely belonged to the FLN … Orders were given to hit all Muslims standing at bus stops who were wearing ties. We took them out [ On les flinguait ] … The lads were very efficient [ très opérationnels ] … empty[ing] the European quarters of Muslims.’ 4 Approaching massacre: the figure of Mouloud Feraoun

in Rhetorics of empire
How space and time changed urban violence in Jerusalem, 1920–29
Roberto Mazza

On 2 September 1929, The Palestine Bulletin reported: ‘After an intermission of eight years, Palestine again became the scene of massacre and savagery. Horror gripped the country a whole week. The Arab attacks began in Jerusalem and spread all over the country.’ ( Palestine Bulletin , 2 September 1929 ). As noted in the newspaper, the last

in The spatiality and temporality of urban violence
The vulnerable child
Jarlath Killeen

massacre of children and the grieving mother as a representation of the Protestant community in Ireland, and Temple's treatment of the image of the breastfeeding mother considered as part of his analysis of the rebellion as a biological as well as a theological horror. Indeed, Temple expands the significance of the rebellion far beyond Ireland, and by describing it in the apocalyptic language of the Gospels and the Book of Revelation, depicts the violence as having a cosmic as well as a national importance. This chapter connects

in Imagining the Irish child
The case of the Irish Rebellion, 1641–53
Nicolas Kwiatkowski

8 Forced witnessing of pain and horror in the context of colonial and religious massacres: the case of the Irish Rebellion, 1641–53 Nicolás Kwiatkowski1 Before and during historical massacres perpetrated in early modern times, victims usually appeared in a situation of extreme frailty, brought on by their social and political condition, but also by the cultural actions of the perpetrators. At the same time, the strong position of the killers generally allowed them to ascribe despicable characteristics and alleged menacing deeds or intentions to their victims

in The hurt(ful) body