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Print, reading and social change in early modern Ireland

Traditionally our understanding of that world has been filtered through the lenses of war, plantation and colonisation. This book explores the lives of people living in early modern Ireland through the books and printed ephemera which they bought, borrowed or stole from others. In economic terms, the technology of print was of limited significance in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Ireland, employing no more than a handful of individuals on a full-time basis. It uses the perspective of the world of print as a vantage point from which to observe the shifts in early modern Irish society. To do this it exploits two important attributes of print. First, the printed word had a material form and hence by examining how it was created, traded and owned as a commodity it is possible to chart some of the economic changes that took place in early modern Ireland as a traditional exchange economy gave way to a more commercial one. The second important attribute of print was that it had the potential to transmit ideas. The book discusses the social context of print, its social meaning, and with what contemporaries thought of the material and intellectual commodity that printing with movable type brought to Ireland. It also attempts to construct how contemporaries used the books they had bought, borrowed, stolen or heard others read aloud. The efforts of booksellers and others ensured that contemporaries had a range of books to which they could to turn for profit and pleasure according to their needs.

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Gavin Edwards

commodity. Furthermore, as a combination of the material and the immaterial, of body and soul, with the immaterial in command, the material commodity acquires animation and consciousness, thereby becoming a kind of person. The ‘personification of things’ works here by moving from one end of the semantic range of the word ‘thing’ (‘Ding’) to the other: from ‘things’ as material objects that can be contrasted with souls or with people, to ‘things’ in the extended sense of entities, which can include material objects, souls and people. Thus an ‘ordinary sensuous thing

in The Case of the Initial Letter
Reuben Wong

food, energy resources, minerals, raw materials, commodities or climate change. Notes I am indebted to Jiayu Hong and Pipeng Tan for their research assistance. 1 Speech by High Representative / Vice-President Federica Mogherini at the IISS Shangri-La Dialogue 2015, 31 May, in Singapore. See https://eeas.europa.eu/ headquarters/headquarters-homepage/6254/speech-by-high-representativevicepresident-federica-mogherini-at-the-iiss-shangri-la-dialogue-2015_en. 2 The domino theory suggests that once a country falls under the influence of communism, neighbouring countries

in The European Union in the Asia-Pacific
Morny Joy

these attitudes which exalt woman, as long as she stays within prescribed roles, in the contemporary context where dowry-deaths, abortion of female foetuses, widow mistreatment and sati still occur (Narasimhan 1990; Thapar 1995). The continued practice of 133 Divine Love dowry – though officially illegal – points to the fact that wife as object remains within the orbit of a crude system of gift-giving. This system is open to, if not encouraging to, an extreme exploitation of the ‘goods’ – be they material commodities, or the body of the wife (159–67). Often in these

in Divine love
Dimitrios Theodossopoulos

women from wearing shorts, and they promote the use of the paruma, which has recently obtained new popularity prompted by a seasonal fashion. Nowadays the new paruma-cloth, manufactured in Asia, is bought in Panama City, often on the very first day of its release (see Chapter 8). It is often sold by Emberá men and women, acting as middlemen, at slightly higher prices all over Eastern Panama. Mass-manufactured clothing and a wide variety of other material commodities travel along the Pan-American Highway, which unites the Emberá communities in Darién14 with those

in Exoticisation undressed
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The wild Irish boy and the national tale
Christina Morin

commodities as opposed to actual material commodities’. 62 In The wild Irish boy , the disposal of these imposed cultural commodifications of Ireland is of paramount importance. The ‘wild Irish girl’ disguise as well as the ‘Milesian chief’ costume, worn by Ormsby’s father at the same masquerade, must be shed before the novel’s concluding image of peaceful domesticity can be

in Charles Robert Maturin and the haunting of Irish Romantic fiction
Carriers in the canal age
Peter Maw

were particularly active in the coal, stone and corn trades.4 This chapter extends these general accounts to provide a detailed historical reconstruction of the organisation of the carrying business on Manchester canals in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Building on the analysis presented in chapter 2, it emphasises the contrasting demands of the carrying and handling of inter-regional trades in foodstuffs, industrial inputs and manufactures and the intra-regional trades in heavy raw materials, commodities that were hauled by wholly different classes of

in Transport and the industrial city
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The origin of public relations
Scott Anthony

necessary as the distribution of food. Invalided from battle, Tallents had been reunited with his mentor William Beveridge at the Ministry of Food in 1918 to organise the introduction of rationing, and he would later often make rather naive literal equivalences between the parcelling out of food (or other material commodities) and the rationing of information.25 The Ministry of Food’s work helped establish a belief that good publicity was an integral part of good administration.26 Over the coming decades the precedent provided by the Ministry of Food would continually

in Public relations and the making of modern Britain
Executions, graves and dreams
Andrew Smith

when considered in Marxist terms. She argues that ‘they represent a human version of the mass-produced material commodities they trade’ because, like them, they ‘are not unique ... but replicated across a series’. 41 To some degree this echoes Dickens’s account of haunting in the American Notes , when he claims of his prisoner that ‘as the darkness thickens, his Loom begins to

in Gothic death 1740–1914
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Between transformation and transaction
Helen Hills

the Andean mines traversed the Atlantic. Silver more than any other material commodity formed a world trade system involving Asia, especially China. 9 The prodigious profits that were made from the globalized silver industry benefited, above all, the Spanish crown, such that the revenues from overseas mines largely financed the sprawling Spanish Empire. 10 Spain controlled the mining and the minting of silver. Special incentives encouraged bullion owners to take their treasure to Spanish mints. There reputable minters essentially certified the coins’ content, and

in The matter of miracles