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Mental nurses and their patients, 1935–74
Author: Tommy Dickinson

Anecdotal evidence of the testimonies of patients who received treatments for sexual deviations and medical attitudes towards them are scattered in the recorded accounts of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgendered, intersex and queer/questioning (GLBTIQ) people. This book examines the plight of men who were institutionalised in British mental hospitals to receive 'treatment' for homosexuality and transvestism, and the perceptions and actions of the men and women who nursed them. It explores why the majority of the nurses followed orders in administering the treatment - in spite of the zero success-rate in 'straightening out' queer men - but also why a small number surreptitiously defied their superiors by engaging in fascinating subversive behaviours. The book is specifically about the treatments developed for sexual deviations in the UK. Transvestism was also treated fairly widely; however, not to the same extent as homosexuality. After an examination of the oppression and suppression of the sexual deviant, the introduction of aversion therapies for sexual deviance is considered. During the 1930s-1950s, mental health care witnessed a spirit of 'therapeutic optimism' as new somatic treatments and therapies were introduced in mental hospitals. The book also examines the impact these had on the role of mental nurses and explores how such treatments may have essentially normalised nurses to implement painful and distressing 'therapeutic' interventions . The book interprets the testimonies of these 'subversive nurses'. Finally, it explores the inception of 'nurse therapists' and discusses their role in administering aversion therapy.

Psychogenetic counselling at the New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1955–1969
Marion Andrea Schmidt

under psychiatric geneticist Franz Kallmann explored these questions at the New York State Psychiatric Institute (NYSPI) Department of Medical Genetics. Their mental health project for deaf people established genetic and mental health care services that – for the first time in the US – considered deaf people a social minority who should receive care in their own, native sign language. Today, such health care services that consider the specific needs of linguistic or cultural minorities are relatively common in the US. Fifty years ago, however, this was a novelty

in Eradicating deafness?
Reinventing depression among Rio de Janeiro urban dwellers
Leandro David Wenceslau and Francisco Ortega

cent received only pharmacological treatments. Access to care is scarce and above all unequal, with poor people and those living in low-resource areas having less access to mental health care than other people (Lopes et al., 2016 ). Beyond the problem of access, there are several reasons for the limited engagement with mental health care among low-income populations. These include the failure to acknowledge that one has a significant problem, the belief that the disorder will resolve itself spontaneously, a desire to deal with the problem by oneself or not knowing

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
DGH psychiatric nurses at Withington General Hospital, 1971-91
Val Harrington

hospital is where the action is.4 This chapter briefly examines the origins and development of DGH units, and the concept of DGH psychiatry espoused by Kessel. It explores how the units in general, and Withington in particular, are situated within the broader history of post-war mental health care. Given their importance in policy terms, it is surprising that so little has been written about them. To date, the historiography has been particularly silent about their nurses. This chapter recognises that nurses were central to the running of the Withington unit, and seeks

in Mental health nursing
Michael Robinson

, 1916–19’, 33–40. 143 Reid, Broken Men , 24; Long, Destigmatising Mental Illness? , 4. 144 Alice Brumby, ‘From “Pauper Lunatics” to “Rate-Aided Patients”: Removing the Stigma of Mental Health Care, 1888–1938’ (PhD Thesis, University of Huddersfield, 2015), 11

in Shell-shocked British Army veterans in Ireland, 1918–39
Perspectives on audiences and impact

Historians interact with a variety of audiences. In the history of medicine – our focus – audiences include government committees and commissions dealing with ethical issues in biomedicine; journalists asking for historical perspectives on new discoveries as well as abuses and controversies in medicine; curators and visitors at museums; sometimes even medical researchers utilizing historical material. A particularly prominent audience for historians of medicine is in health care, students as well as practitioners. An important aim of the book is to challenge the idea that communication between researchers and their audiences is unidirectional. This is achieved by employing a media theoretical perspective to discuss how historians create audiences for academic knowledge production (‘audiencing’). The theme is opportune not least because the measurement of ‘impact’ is rapidly becoming a policy tool. The book’s 10 chapters explore the history of medicine’s relationships with its audiences, from the early twentieth century to the present. Throughout the authors discuss how historians of medicine and others have interacted with and impacted audiences. Topics include medical education, policy-making, exhibitions and museums, film and television.

Historical and anthropological approaches to a changing regime of governance

What does global health stem from, when is it born, how does it relate to the contemporary world order? This book explores the origins of global health, a new regime of health intervention in countries of the global South, born around 1990. It proposes an encompassing view of the transition from international public health to global health, bringing together historians and anthropologists to explore the relationship between knowledge, practices and policies. It aims at interrogating two gaps left by historical and anthropological studies of the governance of health outside Europe and North America. The first is a temporal gap between the historiography of international public health through the 1970s and the numerous anthropological studies of global health in the present. The second originates in problems of scale. Macro-inquiries of institutions and politics, and micro-investigations of local configurations, abound. The book relies on a stronger engagement between history and anthropology, i.e. the harnessing of concepts (circulation, scale, transnationalism) crossing both of them, and on four domains of intervention: tuberculosis, mental health, medical genetics and traditional (Asian) medicines. The volume analyses how the new modes of ‘interventions on the life of others’ recently appeared, why they blur the classical divides between North and South and how they relate to the more general neoliberal turn in politics and economy. The book is meant for academics, students and health professionals interested in new discussions about the transnational circulation of drugs, bugs, therapies, biomedical technologies and people in the context of the ‘neoliberal turn’ in development practices.

Brendan Kennelly

mental health problems ­incorporating ­biological, psychological and social aspects. A person-centred inclusive approach to mental health care was an important part of this view, and the report argued that much more attention should be given to the process and locus of care. A  Vision for Change was an important landmark for the development of ­services for people with mental health problems in Ireland. A formal implementation plan, covering the period from 2009 to 2013, was issued by the Health Service Executive (HSE) in 2009. A series of valuable annual reports up to

in The economics of disability
Enacting human rights in mental health care in Ghana
Ursula M. Read

.’  1 The discourse of human rights has a long genealogy in relation to the treatment of persons with mental illness and has become a central narrative in the transnational networks and activities which have come to be characterized as global mental health. Indeed, appeals to the human rights of persons with mental illness have formed a moral argument for intervention to improve mental health care worldwide (Patel, Saraceno and Kleinman, 2006 ). The reform of mental health law in Ghana would seem to be of

in Global health and the new world order
Open Access (free)
Designing and road testing new measurement scales
Patrick Callaghan

Involvement Researchers Evaluating and Quantifying User and Carer Involvement in Mental Health Care Planning (EQUIP): Co-development of a new Patient-Reported Outcome Measure (PROM) Items for the EQUIP PROM were developed from 74 interviews and 9 focus groups conducted with service users, carers and mental health professionals recruited from two large NHS Trusts. From these data, 70 items (potentially relevant questions) were developed. First, face validity was examined with a mixed sample of 16 members of a Service User and Carer Advisory Group (SUCAG). Nine items were

in A research handbook for patient and public involvement researchers