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Anthropology, European imperialism, and the politics of knowledge

Many questions present themselves when considering the historical relationship between anthropology and empire following the Scramble for Africa. These include the extent of imperial fortunes in Africa, rising and falling with officials' knowledge of the people under their jurisdiction. This book looks at the institutional frameworks of anthropology, and shows that the colonial project to order Africa, intellectually and politically, was a messy and not-so comprehensive endeavor. It first considers the roles of metropolitan researchers and institutes such as the colonial ethnographers active in French West Africa, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft in Berlin, and the British-based International Institute of African Languages and Cultures. The book deals with the role of African ethnograpghers for their study on African teaching assistants and schoolmasters-cum-ethnographers, and the study of Jomo Kenyatta's journey to produce Facing Mount Kenya. Swiss missionaries undertook discovery and domestication first on European soil before it was transferred to African soils and societies. Primordial imagination at work in equatorial Africa is discussed through an analysis of Fang ethnographies, and the infertility scares among Mongo in the Belgian Congo is contrasted with the Nzakara in the French Congo. Once colonial rule had been imposed, administrators and imperial managers were often forced to consider those judicial and social rules that had governed Africans' lives and had predated colonialism. Studies of Italian Northeast Africa, the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and French West Africa reveal the uneven ways in which ethnographic knowledge was pursued and applied in this respect.

Kuba Szreder

, which are organised around the core of metropolitan institutions, dominant galleries, global biennials and art fairs. Importantly, the artistic mainstream reassembles and absorbs both traditional elements (like studios and galleries) and ultra-rapid and networked devices (like newsletters, rankings, art banks and vaults, etc.). But the expanded field is larger than that, as it encompasses also artistic → dark matter , and is constituted by the plethora of what Stephen Wright and Basekamp (an art collective from the USA) call ‘plausible art worlds’ (Basekamp Group

in The ABC of the projectariat
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Brenda M. King

of India, are now confirmed as major influences on English textile development. We cannot conceive of European textiles today without taking into account the enduring influence of India’s textile traditions on Western manufactures. This Indian legacy was acknowledged by a wide range of provincial and metropolitan institutions as well as by influential individuals. The range of

in Silk and empire
James Breasted’s early scientific network
Kathleen Sheppard

changing ideas over time. Through some collected correspondence, historians are also able to view the overlapping members at each of these metropolitan hubs. Senders and receivers of letters, as well as the subjects of those letters, are central to understanding the story of who was present and active in multiple networks, what they said to each other, and how they interacted. In the field, that is, outside of metropolitan institutions, these developments and movements are harder to trace. But they are the mundane everyday activities that ended up being even more central

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
The role of the geographical societies
Robert G. David

opportunites for Britain were in ‘colonies whose administrative and cultural traditions facilitated the installation of metropolitan institutions and personnel’. Although Murchison recognised that Arctic exploration ‘provided publicity for the RGS … strategic benefits for Britain, and peace-time exercises for the Royal Navy’, his interest in the Arctic never matched his interest in Africa. At no point did he

in The Arctic in the British imagination 1818–1914
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Medicine, mobility and the empire
Markku Hokkanen

nature of networks that make up empires as ‘webs’. While earlier work on the history of science and empire tended to see metropolitan institutions and patrons as the clear hub of an imperial network, later research has emphasised imperial networks as ‘polycentric networks of communication’. 10 Joseph Hodge has argued that network-centred approaches can struggle to acknowledge inequality of power and the

in Medicine, mobility and the empire
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Mapping the tyranny
Richard Philips

in its characterisation of those broad global regions. Pointing to the emergence of new sexual categories, Foucault elided the geographies in which they were produced and variously adopted and contested. Diane Watt and I have argued that his ‘ history of sexuality has a (hidden) geography’ – that structured around relations between the mainly metropolitan institutions that discursively constituted and regulated sexualities and their provincial and colonial hinterlands. 19 Thus, for instance, the homosexual, a category

in Sex, politics and empire
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Inscribing difference in colonial institutional settings
Catharine Coleborne

the 1850s, but by 1901 it was just one of several large public institutions for the insane in the colony. Others were established in the 1870s outside of urban Melbourne, as well as another metropolitan institution nearby at Kew, established in 1876. Therefore, other institutions came to house large numbers of inmates over time, including Chinese attracted to the goldfields of Victoria. While there

in Insanity, identity and empire
Andrew Miles

‘Opportunity: to encourage more widespread enjoyment of culture, media and sport’.11 The drive to increase participation was predicated primarily on instrumental concerns with equity and social inclusion.12 It was conceded that consumption of the largely traditional art forms and cultural assets funded by the DCMS and its NDPBs was the preserve of a small minority, with a large proportion of public funds going to support iconic metropolitan institutions. Democratising access was therefore necessary to justify such spending to the taxpayer and establish value for money. At

in Culture in Manchester
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Archaeologists in Egypt
Kathleen L. Sheppard

. Women were instrumental in shaping the discipline of Egyptology, and archival documents underline their activities. In the field, far from these metropolitan institutions, network developments and movements are harder to trace. But the mundane, everyday activities of these sites were often even more central to the evolution of the discipline than were published scholarship and institutional organisations. Correspondence and field diaries, usually found in archives at the hubs, are crucial tools for tracing network

in Tea on the terrace