Dead bodies, evidence and the death march from Buchenwald to Dachau, April–May 1945
Christopher E. Mauriello
This article utilises the theoretical perspectives of the forensic turn to further expand our historical understandings and interpretations of the events of the Holocaust. More specifically, it applies a theory of the materialities of dead bodies to historically reconstruct and reinterpret the death march from Buchenwald to Dachau from 7 to 28 April 1945. It focuses on dead bodies as ‘evidence’, but explores how the evidential meanings of corpses along the death-march route evolved and changed during the march itself and in the aftermath of discovery by approaching American military forces. While drawing on theories of the evidential use of dead bodies, it remains firmly grounded in empirical historical research based on archival sources. The archives at the Buchenwald Concentration Camp contain eyewitness accounts and post-war trial testimony that enable a deeply contextualised ‘microhistory’ of the geography, movements, perpetrators, victims and events along this specific death march in April and May 1945. This ‘thick description’ provides the necessary context for a theoretical reading of the changing evidential meanings of dead bodies as the death march wove its way from Buchenwald to Dachau and the war and the Holocaust drew to an end.
Impostors and impostures featured prominently in the political, social and religious life of early modern England. Who was likely to be perceived as impostor, and why? This book offers a full-scale analysis of this multifaceted phenomenon. Using approaches drawn from historical anthropology and micro-history, it investigates changes and continuities within the impostor phenomenon from 1500 to the late eighteenth century, exploring the variety of representations and perceptions of impostors, and their deeper meanings within the specific contexts of social, political, religious, institutional and cultural change. The book examines a wide range of sources, from judicial archives and other official records to chronicles, newspapers, ballads, pamphlets and autobiographical writings. Given that identity is never fixed, but involves a performative dimension, changing over time and space, it looks at the specific factors which constitute identity in a particular context, and asks why certain characteristics of an allegedly false identity were regarded as fake.
With an eye to recovering the experiences of those in frontier zones of contact, Savage worlds maps a wide range of different encounters between Germans and non-European indigenous peoples in the age of high imperialism. Examining outbreaks of radical violence as well as instances of mutual co-operation, it examines the differing goals and experiences of German explorers, settlers, travellers, merchants, and academics, and how the variety of projects they undertook shaped their relationship with the indigenous peoples they encountered. Whether in the Asia-Pacific region, the Americas or Africa, within Germany’s formal empire or in the imperial spaces of other powers, Germans brought with them assumptions about the nature of extra-European peoples. These assumptions were often subverted, disrupted or overturned by their own experience of frontier interactions, which led some Germans to question European ‘knowledge’ of these non-European peoples. Other Germans, however, signally failed to shift from their earlier assumptions about indigenous people and continued to act in the colonies according to their belief in the innate superiority of Europeans. Examining the multifaceted nature of German interactions with indigenous populations, the wide ranging research presented in this volume offers historians and anthropologists a clear demonstration of the complexity of frontier zone encounters. It illustrates the variety of forms that agency took for both indigenous peoples and Germans in imperial zones of contact and poses the question of how far Germans were able to overcome their initial belief that, in leaving Europe, they were entering ‘savage worlds’.
, gentry families or women of the early modern period.
As we view this portrait from multiple perspectives, another methodology
will also prove important – microhistory. The goal of this book is not to
produce a biography of Elizabeth Isham that traces her existence in a chronological and linear narrative simply because of her compelling life story. Of
course, such a life story, in many ways, is what makes Elizabeth an attractive
subject to study, but the intention is to utilize that story as an entryway into
understanding not just her but also the early modern world in
Costa-Gavras and microhistoriography: the case of Amen. (2002)
Homer B. Pettey
. Moreover, the Nazi swastika in the poster remained ‘incomplete’. 10 In an ironic turn, then, Costa-Gavras, like his film's protagonists, faced religious and institutional intolerance, and his own filmic microhistory played out a new narrative of freedom of interpretation of the past.
Amen. serves as a relevant case in point that illustrates Costa-Gavras's cinematic microhistoriography. Costa-Gavras takes on the Holocaust from a cinematic historiographic perspective, one that relies upon the transmediation of Rolf Hochhuth's play The Deputy (1963) to film
The pingolo : a locus for fantasy
I have been here for 30 years and never did I hear anyone say or reflect upon the
fact that Jews yelled or shouted in any way, especially at the said times, when they
used to be withdrawn and modest. This year they did the worst.2
Like many micro-histories, this chapter, which studies the tension between Jews
and Christians during the frequent clash of Passover and Easter, is based on
one processo in 1604, which uncovers the boisterous and intrusive actions of
a group of Jews in the home of Davide de Norsa, a Jewish banker
take more interest in finding the experiences of the
To imagine Mrs McKinna’s experience, I use microhistory
methods. The goal of microhistorians has been to find everyday life,
especially for people who left few records. This requires creatively using scattered references in documents that happen to
exist. In this method of ‘clues’, as Carlo Ginzburg describes it, the
historian reads ‘between the lines’ for details that are routine or unusual,
marginal or even unconscious. 14
Microhistorians also place
endless mediation, abuse by someone with a special role in the plot. If it opens
the game, the Conspiracy stands for a future full of possibilities and for the need
to talk to one’s brothers and sisters.1
This book has explored design activism in the context of precarity in
Italy. I began with the story of San Precario, to show how counter-precarity activism introduced designerly elements into the activist repertoire.
Designerly aspects were expanded in the three cases presented in the
book. These microhistories focus on specific events and practices that
a priori preference for microhistory. Anyone who gives a fair
reading of Carlo Ginzburg’s compelling work, especially The
Cheese and the Worms , is likely to come away with a greater
appreciation of the promise of microhistory. 49 Ginzburg’s work, along with
that of other historians associated with Quaderni Storic i ,
showed how an acute focus on historical minutiae can open up a whole new
collective ‘Blackdrop’; and a publicly funded campaign to celebrate the city's literary rebels. By mapping a brief microhistory at the intersection of Nottingham's white working-class and African Caribbean communities, the chapter explores how commonalities and differences of experience manifest in the city's cohesive, yet heterogenous range of literary voices. It is important to note that there are many other large ethnic populations in Nottingham; at the 2011 census, 11 percent of Nottingham's population was of Asian or British Asian heritage.