This book is a tribute to Enzo Mingione and his contribution to the fields of sociology and urban studies on the occasion of his retirement. It touches upon the processes of transformation of cities to the informal economy, from the Fordist crisis to the rediscovery of poverty, from the welfare state and welfare policies to migration and the transformation of work. These themes constitute the analytical building blocks of this book on the transitions that Western capitalist societies are undergoing. The book focuses on social foundations of Western capitalism, explaining how socio-economic and institutional complementarities that characterised postwar capitalism created relatively integrated socio-economic regimes, It has five thematic sections reflecting five areas of capitalism, the search interests of Enzo Mingione. The first discusses the transformations of global capitalism, addressing how capitalism works and how it changes. The second provides insights into the mechanisms of re-embedding, in particular how welfare policies are part of a societal reaction to capitalism's disruptive dynamic. The third addresses some main challenges that citizenship systems established in the post-war period have had to face, from the spread of new employment regimes to new migratory flows. The fourth addresses cities and their transformation and the final section addresses poverty and its spatial dimension as a crucial lens through which to understand the differentiated impact of the processes of change in Western capitalist societies, both in socio-economic and spatial terms.
. The Isle of
Man provides relatively straightforward conditions in which to examine the
operations of migratoryflows in a context which remained primarily rural, with
some mining and fishing as secondary factors. Manx people were well connected
with the sea-routes and possessed a strong tradition of seafaring and maritime
enterprise. Emigration from the Island had a long history, but swelled most
significantly in the 1820s, the moment when Thomas Kelly migrated to Ohio.
The people involved during that transformative decade – the emigrants – bore
their own witness to
movement within this broad region, as well as long-distance emigration to the Americans, Europe, and sub-Saharan Africa. It is also marked by waves of immigration into the region from Europe. The postcolonial period, from the late 1940s until the late 1960s, coincides with the rise of Arab nationalism, as cross-border population mobility is driven mainly by political, rather than economic, factors. The oil boom period, from the late 1960s until the early 1980s, is dominated by economically driven cross-border migratoryflows, although national and regional politics
Chapter 4 focuses on the final component of the habitus triad: habits. The central premise of the chapter is that examining habits provides insights into individuated and community belonging, migratory emplacement, transnational cultural capital flows and attachment to and/or detachment from France. It sheds light on the broader ideological implications of everyday habits, particularly eating, drinking and healthcare, revealing hidden hegemonies and gendered/sexualised discrimination. Evolving dining habits and an embodiment of cosmopolitanism are demonstrated through participants’ openness to London’s multicultural cuisines. Similarly, their frequenting of English restaurants functions as a strategic emplacement method and an agentive means of performing belonging. A circular intercultural exchange is also discussed, with migratory flows leading to the adoption of British culinary habits in France just as London-French residents’ palates and cooking practices adapt to ‘host’ tastes – within limits. For, in accordance with the limitations of habitus transformation, their home-dining rituals remain fundamentally embedded in French culture, which again implicitly interconnects the migrants through a shared praxial repertoire, while disconnecting them from (perceived) postmigration customs. Drinking habits also set the migrants apart. They apprehend local drinking practices as excessive and vulgar, particularly regarding women. This gendered disparagement and culturally distinctive restraint marginalises them within the diasporic social space, while re-enacting local histories. The final section is dedicated to participants’ therapeutic habits, which are revealed to be increasingly demedicalised in London, where they enjoy the more human, less technical approach to healthcare and are critical of the chronic patriarchal hegemonies and endemic overmedicalisation experienced in France.
‘Arab Springs’ and their aftermath first challenged and
eventually destabilised this framework. In particular, uncertain
political transitions and the violent conflicts that flared up in Syria
and Libya resulted in increased border porosity and large displacement
numbers. The EU became a target for mixed migratoryflows on an
unprecedented scale: the peak was reached in 2015, when more than one
migrant and multicultural peoples face in
postcolonial French society. It is important to remember that, as Alec
The French language was implanted on the southern and eastern shores
of the Mediterranean largely under the aegis of French colonial domination there. The more recent emergence within France of Arabic- and
Tamazight-speaking minorities originating across the Mediterranean is
in turn grounded in migratoryflows largely consequent upon economic
disparities and migratory opportunities regulated by the colonial system
and its aftermath. (2009
maintained their traditional
place as top destination countries, Italy, Greece, Portugal and Spain, which
until relatively recently exported populations or which acted as transit
countries, have become important destinations for refugee migrants on
account of operating more flexible asylum regimes in the 1980s and 1990s.
Migration context 2: feminisation of migration
Women already accounted for 42 per cent of migratoryflows worldwide in
1960.That proportion reached 49.6 per cent in 2005 (IOM 2008) and today
female migration exceeds male migration in all regions of the
German philosopher Jürgen Habermas has written extensively on the European Union.
This is the only in-depth account of his project. Published now in a second
edition to coincide with the celebration of his ninetieth birthday, a new
preface considers Habermas’s writings on the eurozone and refugee crises,
populism and Brexit, and the presidency of Emmanuel Macron. Placing an
emphasis on the conception of the EU that informs Habermas’s political
prescriptions, the book is divided into two main parts. The first considers the
unfolding of 'social modernity' at the level of the EU. Among the
subjects covered are Habermas's concept of juridification, the
latter's affinities with integration theories such as neofunctionalism, and
the application of Habermas's democratic theory to the EU. The second part
addresses 'cultural modernity' in Europe – 'Europessimism'
is argued to be a subset of the broader cultural pessimism that assailed the
project of modernity in the late twentieth century, and with renewed intensity
in the years since 9/11. Interdisciplinary in approach, this book engages
with European/EU studies, critical theory, political theory, international
relations, intellectual history, comparative literature, and philosophy. Concise
and clearly written, it will be of interest to students, scholars and
professionals with an interest in these disciplines, as well as to a broader
readership concerned with the future of Europe
Deporting Black Britons provides an ethnographic account of deportation from the UK to Jamaica. It traces the painful stories of four men who were deported after receiving criminal convictions in the UK. For each of the men, all of whom had moved to the UK as children, deportation was lived as exile – from parents, partners, children and friends – and the book offers portraits of survival and hardship in both the UK and Jamaica. Based on over four years of research, Deporting Black Britons describes the human consequences of deportation, while situating deportation stories within the broader context of policy, ideology, law and violence. It examines the relationship between racism, criminalisation and immigration control in contemporary Britain, suggesting new ways of thinking about race, borders and citizenship in these anti-immigrant times. Ultimately, the book argues that these stories of exile and banishment should orient us in the struggle against violent immigration controls, in the UK and elsewhere.
of the DG for Employment and Social Affairs: 18 adopted a line of argument common among right-wing social democrats after
9/11 (see Goodhart, 2004 ), stating that migratoryflows were inimical to social cohesion.
Centrists, social partners and institutional personnel
With the exception of staff from the Council Legal
Service (CLS), the centrists, social partners and institutional personnel 19 who were interviewed also conveyed an impression of the EU
evocative of the siege model. Perceptions of the democratic deficit varied