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Indigenous–European Encounters in Settler Societies
Editor: Lynette Russell

Cross-cultural encounters produce boundaries and frontiers. This book explores the formation, structure, and maintenance of boundaries and frontiers in settler colonies. The southern nations of Australia, New Zealand and South Africa have a common military heritage as all three united to fight for the British Empire during the Boer and First World Wars. The book focuses on the southern latitudes and especially Australia and Australian historiography. Looking at cross-cultural interactions in the settler colonies, the book illuminates the formation of new boundaries and the interaction between settler societies and indigenous groups. It contends that the frontier zone is a hybrid space, a place where both indigene and invader come together on land that each one believes to be their own. The best way to approach the northern Cape frontier zone is via an understanding of the significance of the frontier in South African history. The book explores some ways in which discourses of a natural, prehistoric Aboriginality inform colonial representations of the Australian landscape and its inhabitants, both indigenous and immigrant. The missions of the London Missionary Society (LMS) in Polynesia and Australia are examined to explore the ways in which frontiers between British and antipodean cultures were negotiated in colonial textuality. The role of the Treaty of Waitangi in New Zealand society is possibly the most important and controversial issue facing modern New Zealanders. The book also presents valuable insights into sexual politics, Aboriginal sovereignty, economics of Torres Strait maritime, and nomadism.

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The southern nations of Australia, New Zealand and South Africa have a common military heritage as all three united to fight for the British Empire during the Boer and First World Wars. So close was the relationship of the three that a Cape Town newspaper suggested that the term SANZAC be used to describe the bond between the three nations’ troops. 10 Aside from common colonial involvements, settler

in Colonial frontiers
Star Trek and the transfiguration of naval history

appropriation of naval history by Star Trek represents a more conscious and conspicuous commandeering of a cultural framework. The timeliness of the series’ rejuvenation of a positive military heritage, pre-dating in its reference and post-dating in its setting the taint of Vietnam, needs to be read in tandem with its creation of parallels with modern naval missions. The problematic purposes of contemporary, Cold War military missions are obscured by the recollection of the incontestable victories of World War II, and the envisioning of a vindicated future of military

in The naval war film
Race, indigenous naval recruitment and British colonialism, 1934–41

knowledge gained from their operations on the ground, not an imperial imagining imposed by officialdom.8 Instead of being passive subjects of this theory, colonial peoples exerted agency to shape their own identities and take advantage of the opportunities that being perceived as martial races opened up to them. The work of David Omissi lends credence to the importance of indigenous military heritages by showing the ‘customs and self-image of Indian communities who had a martial tradition quite independent of the colonial encounter’.9 The majority of ethnic groups who

in A new naval history

’s emblematic profile’, and instead £2 million was to be spent upgrading facilities in the Upper Rock Nature Reserve.68 The controversy aroused locally in 2006 by the destruction of the historic Royal Navy water tanks at Rosia Bay in order to clear the site for apartment blocks is indicative not just of the inevitable collision of interests in spaceconstrained Gibraltar but of the extent to which Gibraltarians themselves, as well as outside interest groups, identified the place with its British military heritage.69 It is striking that the King’s Bastion electricity generating

in Community and identity

nobility and patrimony in modern france point that a change in family fortunes can be difficult for historians to assess when viewed within the parameters of a single generation. A move up or down the social ladder happens over two or three generations as grandparents and parents transmit a familial culture to children and the family integrates diverse outside influences.23 The context of the world wars is particularly rich for the study of noble family traditions and gender because of the ways in which military heritage interacted with cultural and social

in Nobility and patrimony in modern France
Class, race and gender

Labourism’, and Jonathan Hyslop, ‘Scottish Labour, Race, and Southern African Empire c.1880–1922: A Reply to Kenefick’, International Review of Social History , Vol. 55 (2010), pp. 29–81. William Ellis Maiden’s attestation paper for the Canadian Army can be found at: www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/military-heritage/first-‘world-’war/first-world-war-1914–1918-cef (accessed 10 December 2014

in Scotland, empire and decolonisation in the twentieth century
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The Scottish military tradition in decline

-Nat’ and ‘left-Nat’ from a gently mocking Economist 43 Mitchell’s ultimate emergence as a Scottish Conservative parliamentary candidate, MP and sometime Daily Express columnist exposed the paradox which the Argylls issue presented to the SNP, no lover of British imperial and military heritage, of course, but keen to defend, and be seen to be defending, sacrosanct and popular

in Scotland, empire and decolonisation in the twentieth century
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J.W.M. Hichberger

’ scenes and did not have to be read as either history or ‘document’. In the following decade the status of the genre, and whether it was compatible with the national ‘character’, were debated in connection with the schemes for redecorating the Palace of Westminster. The importance of the palace ensured that the questions whether and how the military heritage was to be depicted were given a public airing

in Images of the army

, 2001): x; Hazel Hutchison, ‘The Theater of Pain: Observing Mary Borden in The Forbidden Zone’, in Alison S. Fell and Christine E. Hallett (eds), First World War Nursing:  New Perspectives (New  York:  Routledge, 2013):  139–55; Shawna Quinn, Agnes Warner and the Nursing Sisters of the Great War (Fredericton, NB:  Goose Lane Editions with New Brunswick Military Heritage Project, 2010): 51.  3 Borden was a prolific writer. Her earliest novels had been written under the pseudonym Bridget Maclagan. See, for example:  Bridget Maclagan, The Mistress of Kingdoms; or

in Nurse Writers of the Great War