New heart and new spirit
Editor: Wickham Clayton

The extreme profitability of Mel Gibson’s The Passion of the Christ in 2004 came as a great surprise to the Hollywood establishment, particularly considering its failure to find production funding through a major studio. Since then the biblical epic, long thought dead in terms of widespread marketability, has become a viable product. These screen texts, primarily film and television features adapting stories from both the Old and New Testaments, have seen production both inside and outside of Hollywood. Seeking both profits and critical acclaim, as well as providing outlets for auteurist ‘passion projects’ such as Gibson’s film, Darren Aronofsky’s Noah (2014) and Ridley Scott’s Exodus: Gods and Kings (2014), these texts both follow previous biblical epic traditions, as well as appear distinct stylistically and thematically from the biblical epic in its prime. With 2018 seeing the highly publicised release of Mary Magdalene, an attempt at a feminist take on this controversial figure, as well as Gibson’s announcement that he is in production on a follow-up to The Passion of the Christ, there is no clear evidence that the steady production of biblical media will abate anytime soon. Therefore, academic consideration of the modern biblical epic is both timely and highly relevant. With contributions from scholars such as Mikel J. Koven, Andrew B. R. Elliott and Martin Stollery, and a preface from Adele Reinhartz, this collection aims to be a starting point for initiating this discourse.

Coping with intertwined conflicts
Author: Amikam Nachmani

Turkey's involvement in the Gulf War in 1991 paved the way for the country's acceptance into the European Union. This book traces that process, and in the first part looks at Turkey's foreign policy in the 1990s, considering the ability of the country to withstand the repercussions of the fall of communism. It focuses on Turkey's achievement in halting and minimising the effects of the temporary devaluation in its strategic importance that resulted from the waning of the Cold War and the disintegration of the Soviet Union; the skilful way in which Turkey avoided becoming embroiled in the ethnic upheavals in Central Asia, the Balkans and the Middle East; and the development of a continued policy of closer integration into the European and western worlds. Internal politics are the focus of the second part of the book, addressing the curbing of the Kurdish revolt, the economic gains made and the strengthening of civil society. The book goes on to analyse the prospects for Turkey in the twenty-first century, in the light of the possible integration into Europe, which may leave the country's leadership free to deal effectively with domestic issues.

Abstract only
Wickham Clayton

millennium, is trickier and under-defined. The stories may share general similarities, which engage in the use and deconstruction of generic iconography, but it could be argued that such texts are stylistically different, even taking into account these similarities. That said, there is an awareness of generic constants in the classical Hollywood biblical film and in order to deconstruct these tropes, there still needs to be an adherence to generic structures. However, this is a debate which can be undertaken anew with the modern biblical epic. Whether these modern

in The Bible onscreen in the new millennium
Diana Cullell

The turn of a new millennium Cullell_ContempPoetry_02_Poems.indd 101 28/04/2014 17:24 Cullell_ContempPoetry_02_Poems.indd 102 28/04/2014 17:24 LORENZO OLIVÁN Corriente abajo Siéntele el pulso oscuro a lo que escribes. Son puentes las palabras. Por debajo pasa, secreto, un clamoroso río. Asómate. ¿Te ves en la corriente? ¿Cuándo ha sido más vivo tu reflejo, si no es en esa eterna sucesión de impetuosas aguas que te llevan? ¿Acaso en el papel de alguna foto en la que amarilleas siempre inmóvil? ¿Sobre la plana, y casi metafísica, superficie de algún espejo

in Spanish contemporary poetry
From Le Raïd to Jeunesse dorée
Carrie Tarr

The first years of the new millennium provide an opportunity for assessing how beur filmmaking has developed since the flourishing of the banlieue film in 1995 and the surprise success of Djamel Bensalah’s Le Ciel , les oiseaux … et ta mère in 1999. Since 2000, there has been an increase in the number of beur filmmakers – Kamel Saleh, Karim Abbou (born in 1968 in Puteaux), Kader Ayd (born in 1976 in Nanterre), Rabah Ameur

in Reframing difference
Diana Cullell

-grabbing stage that, to a certain extent, helped to boost the dissemination and reach of poetry in society. Also, the prevailing commonsensical poetry that aimed to illustrate the normality of modern and democratic life in the 1990s would create a canon that future generations, despite moving away from literary controversies, would still partly follow. The turn of a new millennium (late 1990s–2005) The turn of the new millennium was a key event for Spanish poetry, and Spanish society in general. The entry to a new century and a new millennium with all its social, historical

in Spanish contemporary poetry
The minimum wage campaign
Lewis H. Mates

4 ‘Not exactly the millennium’ The minimum wage campaign1 By June 1911, the campaign against the three-shift system was struggling in the mire of protracted and ultimately fruitless negotiations between the DMA executive and mine owners. Yet, by March 1912, the DMA had played an essential part in mounting the largest strike in British history hitherto, in favour of an individual minimum wage for all miners. Under the auspices of the MFGB, over one million coal miners struck, in the Federation’s first truly national industrial action. As the failed 1893 miners

in The Great Labour Unrest
Amikam Nachmani

increase – though modest – of 1.5 to 2.5 percent in the Turkish economy, plus an inflation rate of “only” 40 to 50 percents (lower than the 67 percent of 1999). As already noted, the Turkish economic turmoil of winter 2000/2001 – some described it as a catastrophe – and the implications of the global economic slowdown, have pushed the Turkish economy backwards. 77 The beginning of the new millennium has not brought good news for Turkey’s economy. The implications of the country’s economic crisis could have a detrimental effect, both internally and

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Amikam Nachmani

murderers, rapists and thieves.” 15 The celebrated Greek author, Nikos Kazantzakis, swore that for the Greeks freedom means purging themselves of the corrupt Turkish traits acquired under Ottoman rule. 16 The Greek Consul in Montreal took umbrage at a series of lectures held in a local university entitled: “Turkey: Two Millenniums of Art and History,” protesting that the Turkish nation “had settled in the region much later” and that most of the discoveries cited were a part of the Greek cultural heritage. 17 Pangalos’s sacking in February 1999

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Open Access (free)
Amikam Nachmani

Caspian Sea Mineral Resources: Conflicting Perceptions, Clashing Interests,” Europe-Asia Studies , Vol. 50, No. 3, 1998, p. 403; Greek Ministry of Press and Mass Media, Secretariat General Information, Greece: Your Strategic Partner in the New Millennium , Athens, Ministry of Press and Mass Media, 1999, p. 64. 12 Yucel Guclu, “Regulation of the Passage through the Turkish Straits,” Perceptions , Vol. 6, No. 1, March–May 2001, p. 128; Turkish Probe , 30 November 1997; Turkistan Newsletter , Vol. 98:2–012, 22 January 1998

in Turkey: facing a new millennium