This book is a history of Britain's travelling communities in the twentieth century, drawing together detailed archival research at local and national levels to explore the impact of state and legislative developments on Travellers, as well as their experience of missions, education, war and welfare. It also covers legal developments affecting Travellers, whose history, it argues, must not be dealt with in isolation but as part of a wider history of British minorities. The book will be of interest to scholars and students concerned with minority groups, the welfare state and the expansion of government.
This book is a study of the history and memory of Anglo-Jewry from medieval times to the present and explores the construction of identities, both Jewish and non-Jewish, in relation to the concept of place. The introductory chapters provide a theoretical overview focusing on the nature of local studies. The book then moves into a chronological frame, starting with medieval Winchester, moving to early modern Portsmouth, and then it covers the evolution of Anglo-Jewry from emancipation to the twentieth century. Emphasis is placed on the impact on identities resulting from the complex relationship between migration (including transmigration) and the settlement of minority groups. Drawing upon a range of approaches, including history, cultural and literary studies, geography, Jewish and ethnic and racial studies, the book uses extensive sources including novels, poems, art, travel literature, autobiographical writing, official documentation, newspapers and census data.
This book addresses some of the neglected problems, people and vulnerabilities of the Asia-Pacific region. It talks about emancipation, human security, 'security politics', language and threat-construction. The book is divided into three sections: agents; strategies and contexts; and futures. The first section outlines a range of possible agents or actors potentially capable of redressing individual suffering and vulnerability in the region. It examines East Asian regional institutions and dynamics of regionalism as potential sources of 'progressive' security discourses and practices. There is focus on the progressive security potential of regional institutions and regionalism has become increasingly prominent in literature on security in the Asia-Pacific. Two common interpretations of the role of epistemic communities in the construction of security are contested: that they are either passive sources of governmental legitimacy, or autonomous agents with the capacity of constructing or creating state interests. The second section reviews strategies and contexts, outlining a range of different sites of insecurity in the region, the ways in which dominant security discourses and practices emerge, and the extent to which such discourses are contested in different contexts. Indonesian government's approach to minority groups and separatism, the issue of civil unrest and human rights abuses in Burma, and the Australian government's attitude towards refugees and asylum-seekers are discussed. The third section deals with security futures, specifically discussing the question of what alternative security discourses and practices might look like. Finally, the book outlines a feminist critical security discourse and examines its applicability to the Asia-Pacific region.
Contextualising a Forgotten Missionary
Translator of Southwest China
Elise Scharten (1876–1965) was a pioneering Dutch missionary who
translated texts into and out of the language of the Naxi people, a Chinese
minority group living in the Himalayan foothills of Yunnan province. She was the
first to translate the Naxi creation story into English, and the only translator
of a western text into Naxi. Her legacy has, however, been overshadowed by the
achievements of more prominent Naxiologists. Today, Scharten is almost
completely unknown. Nevertheless, Scharten’s unique contribution to the
transmission of cultural knowledge between westerners and the Naxi has been
preserved in museum and library archives. From these sources we can build a
clear picture of her importance to the study of this unique people.
and affect about Islam and Muslims in the US and demonstrated that the securitisation of minoritygroups in societies where a norm of racial equality prevails, need not be expressed through a language of security, enmity and vilification, but also through a covert grammar of amity, denial of prejudice and good intentions. I have laid bare some of the implicit assumptions of the Islamic terrorism discourse, which uses careful predications about Islam and the role of Muslims in countering violent extremism, for example by ending their neutrality in the politics of the
detailed data to pass confident
judgement not just on how minorities fare compared to the white
majority, but on how the prospects of getting ahead in the workplace
vary between different minoritygroups.
The 2 per cent Sample of Anonymised Records (SAR) of the 1991 Census of Population
and the 3 per cent SAR of the 2001 Census of Population for Great Britain. For the US, the
1 per cent Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUM), for both 1990 and 2000.
The rickety ladder: minorities and work
Finding a job is
describe the clientele of different types of restaurant which attract differentially the young and the old, men and women, and different ethnic minoritygroups. An interesting case is the Indian restaurant and we explore further its role, its clientele, the British habit of ‘going for a curry’ and the role of curry in the domestic sphere. Not a highly esteemed dish but widely and popularly consumed, curry can no longer readily be described as ‘foreign’. Fast food, the epitome of mass consumption, is also popular and relatively uniform in presentation. We consider
suggested that many minority ethnic workers found employment in declining industries and this subordinate position within the workforce helps to explain their sometimes marginalised position within society. There was also some evidence that younger people from the minoritygroups were finding it difficult to access appropriate employment. But, as was the case in the interwar period, many minority ethnic workers have moved into self-employment, often in the retailing and catering sectors and Audrey ( 2000 ) suggests that this indicates a population adopting a strategy of
reproduced within the nation state (through, for example, the
education system) which in turn reinforced perceptions that denying
rights to non-citizens (or denying citizenship to non-nationals) was
natural. Citizenship also reproduced inequalities between nationals
on the basis of gender and race and ethnicity. For instance, in many
countries women obtained the franchise later than men and had
lesser economic and social rights. Citizen minoritygroups, excluded
from dominant ideological conceptions of social membership, also
experienced inequalities within
large-scale population transfers and
forced migration which took place in Eastern and Central Europe
during the first half of the twentieth century, these events were
by no means predetermined in 1900. After all, up until 1918 the
majority of Germans were incorporated in either the German or
Austro-Hungarian Empire, while the German minoritygroups
outside these Empires – in Russia, Serbia and Rumania – generally co-existed amicably with the indigenous populations. In fact, at
least 300,000 of the German ethnic minority living in Russia served
with the Russian army