This book is a history of Britain's travelling communities in the twentieth century, drawing together detailed archival research at local and national levels to explore the impact of state and legislative developments on Travellers, as well as their experience of missions, education, war and welfare. It also covers legal developments affecting Travellers, whose history, it argues, must not be dealt with in isolation but as part of a wider history of British minorities. The book will be of interest to scholars and students concerned with minority groups, the welfare state and the expansion of government.
This book is a study of the history and memory of Anglo-Jewry from medieval times to the present and explores the construction of identities, both Jewish and non-Jewish, in relation to the concept of place. The introductory chapters provide a theoretical overview focusing on the nature of local studies. The book then moves into a chronological frame, starting with medieval Winchester, moving to early modern Portsmouth, and then it covers the evolution of Anglo-Jewry from emancipation to the twentieth century. Emphasis is placed on the impact on identities resulting from the complex relationship between migration (including transmigration) and the settlement of minority groups. Drawing upon a range of approaches, including history, cultural and literary studies, geography, Jewish and ethnic and racial studies, the book uses extensive sources including novels, poems, art, travel literature, autobiographical writing, official documentation, newspapers and census data.
Contextualising a Forgotten Missionary
Translator of Southwest China
Elise Scharten (1876–1965) was a pioneering Dutch missionary who
translated texts into and out of the language of the Naxi people, a Chinese
minority group living in the Himalayan foothills of Yunnan province. She was the
first to translate the Naxi creation story into English, and the only translator
of a western text into Naxi. Her legacy has, however, been overshadowed by the
achievements of more prominent Naxiologists. Today, Scharten is almost
completely unknown. Nevertheless, Scharten’s unique contribution to the
transmission of cultural knowledge between westerners and the Naxi has been
preserved in museum and library archives. From these sources we can build a
clear picture of her importance to the study of this unique people.
This book addresses some of the neglected problems, people and vulnerabilities of the Asia-Pacific region. It talks about emancipation, human security, 'security politics', language and threat-construction. The book is divided into three sections: agents; strategies and contexts; and futures. The first section outlines a range of possible agents or actors potentially capable of redressing individual suffering and vulnerability in the region. It examines East Asian regional institutions and dynamics of regionalism as potential sources of 'progressive' security discourses and practices. There is focus on the progressive security potential of regional institutions and regionalism has become increasingly prominent in literature on security in the Asia-Pacific. Two common interpretations of the role of epistemic communities in the construction of security are contested: that they are either passive sources of governmental legitimacy, or autonomous agents with the capacity of constructing or creating state interests. The second section reviews strategies and contexts, outlining a range of different sites of insecurity in the region, the ways in which dominant security discourses and practices emerge, and the extent to which such discourses are contested in different contexts. Indonesian government's approach to minority groups and separatism, the issue of civil unrest and human rights abuses in Burma, and the Australian government's attitude towards refugees and asylum-seekers are discussed. The third section deals with security futures, specifically discussing the question of what alternative security discourses and practices might look like. Finally, the book outlines a feminist critical security discourse and examines its applicability to the Asia-Pacific region.
How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be
Aditya Sarkar, Benjamin J. Spatz, Alex de Waal, Christopher Newton, and Daniel Maxwell
, import of wheat has become a way for the regime to both extract
funds from, but also reward regime loyalists ( Mehchy, 2021 ). Similarly, in Somalia, commercial cash
crop production, trade and food imports are still controlled by a limited number
of businesses which are also involved in money-transfer businesses. This
generates rents for the political elite and has arguably worsened the
exploitation of marginalised and minoritygroups, many of whom have been
. Therefore, the interpretive key is to identify what norms, economies, policies and cultures have been developed to reduce the lives of the displaced. These frameworks have been reproduced in Colombia through various strategies to become hegemonic: direct violence, contempt for the regions and minoritygroups, biopolitical government, pedagogies of cruelty, and humanitarian government. All of them ‘work to preserve existing power relations without taking into question the underlying structural root causes of vulnerability, resilience and disasters’ (Lorenz and Dittmer
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe
that manner. Yet Biafra also helped
establishing the Holocaust as a genocide, singled out from Nazi crimes more
generally: genocidal in nature, targeting minoritygroups and primarily the Jews.
These references are thus interesting and insightful not only to get a better grasp
of the Nigerian civil war, but they can also help us better understand the mechanics
of Holocaust memory [ Heerten, 2017 ,
280–4; Smith, 2014 ; Heerten and Moses, 2014 ].
and affect about Islam and Muslims in the US and demonstrated that the securitisation of minoritygroups in societies where a norm of racial equality prevails, need not be expressed through a language of security, enmity and vilification, but also through a covert grammar of amity, denial of prejudice and good intentions. I have laid bare some of the implicit assumptions of the Islamic terrorism discourse, which uses careful predications about Islam and the role of Muslims in countering violent extremism, for example by ending their neutrality in the politics of the
Tom Clark, Robert D. Putnam, and Edward Fieldhouse
detailed data to pass confident
judgement not just on how minorities fare compared to the white
majority, but on how the prospects of getting ahead in the workplace
vary between different minoritygroups.
The 2 per cent Sample of Anonymised Records (SAR) of the 1991 Census of Population
and the 3 per cent SAR of the 2001 Census of Population for Great Britain. For the US, the
1 per cent Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUM), for both 1990 and 2000.
The rickety ladder: minorities and work
Finding a job is
Alan Warde, Jessica Paddock, and Jennifer Whillans
describe the clientele of different types of restaurant which attract differentially the young and the old, men and women, and different ethnic minoritygroups. An interesting case is the Indian restaurant and we explore further its role, its clientele, the British habit of ‘going for a curry’ and the role of curry in the domestic sphere. Not a highly esteemed dish but widely and popularly consumed, curry can no longer readily be described as ‘foreign’. Fast food, the epitome of mass consumption, is also popular and relatively uniform in presentation. We consider