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Inside a continent’s communications revolution

Africa 2.0: Inside a continent’s communications revolution provides an important history of how two technologies – mobile calling and internet – were made available to millions of sub-Saharan Africans and the impact they have had on their lives. The book deals with the political challenges of liberalisation and privatisation that needed to be in place to get these technologies built. It analyses how the mobile phone fundamentally changed communications in sub-Saharan Africa and the ways Africans have made these technologies part of their lives. It examines critically the technologies’ impact on development practices and the key role development actors played in accelerating things like regulatory reform, fibre roll-out and mobile money. The book considers how corruption in the industry is a prism through which patronage relationships in government can be understood. The arrival of a start-up ecosystem has the potential to break these relationships and offer a new wave of investment opportunities. The author seeks to go beyond the hype to make a provisional assessment of the kinds of changes that have happened over three decades. It examines how and why these technologies became transformative and seem to have opened out a very different future for sub-Saharan Africa.

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A practical approach to working in multi-camera studios

This book is about producing video content with a multi-camera set-up. The principles apply whatever the form of distribution: digital network, Internet, mobile phone or 'other'. It is intended to be used alongside practical courses or modules, both in teaching institutions and in professional training environments. The book centres on Health and Safety in TV studios, which are potentially dangerous places. It gives a lot of key information about television studios and the people who work in them. The book focuses on exercises to practise some basic principles and shows how to build on these and develop proposals and projects. It goes into more detail on Drama, Music and Action, both in the context of student projects and in the professional world. The book explains detail of television aspect ratios; and a little about the meanings of Continuity. Since many multi-camera video productions use inserts shot on single camera, there are several references to single-camera shooting. The necessary elements in multi-camera production are: a vision mixer (switcher) for selecting the images to be recorded or transmitted; a Director co-ordinating the content; an assistant to keep track of timings and where the Director is in the script; and a Camera Operator for each camera, with a tally-light to show when the particular camera is on-shot.

Samantha Wilkinson

. While young people's everynight mobilities may be somewhat banal, this is not to say that these mobilities are not embodied, emotional and affective (Binnie et al., 2007 ). In getting to grips with the emotion, embodiment and affect inherent in young people's everynight lives, this chapter responds to Spinney's ( 2014 ) call for a broadening of the palette of methods utilised in the study of mobility. In this chapter, I first discuss mobile participant observation and mobile phone methods, with a focus on how they have been used and developed by others in

in Mundane Methods
Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

prove to be particularly useful to those who are illiterate and, rather paradoxically, to those who cannot use a mobile phone. Based on her observation that these interactions are often mediated by technology, Leung convincingly argues that technology-mediated interactions constitute proof of ‘the haphazard but functional dynamic of a network of weak ties’ (p. 54). Chapter 6 provides a compelling explanation of the complexities of how individuals from refugee backgrounds engage in digital

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned from an Intervention by Médecins Sans Frontières
Maria Ximena Di Lollo, Elena Estrada Cocina, Francisco De Bartolome Gisbert, Raquel González Juarez, and Ana Garcia Mingo

spoke out on how to manage a complex context, with high mortality rates and directly affecting a vulnerable group of the general population. A dedicated website was developed for the local authorities, health and care managers and professionals, with the aim of sharing knowledge, guidelines and best practice. A mobile phone application was also developed to facilitate easy access to information. MSF organised webinars in which tools

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

Nations Global Pulse: Harnessing Innovation to Protect the Vulnerable ’, United Nations Global Pulse , www.unglobalpulse.org/ (accessed 18 December 2013 ). UNGP ( 2013 ), Mobile Phone Network Data for Development ( New York : United Nations Global Pulse ). UNHCR ( 2005 ), ‘ Against All Odds’, UNHCR with Statoil, Microsoft, Erickson, Datareal AB, Paregos AB, TicTac Interactive AB , www.playagainstallodds.ca/ (accessed 14 October 2013 ). WHO ( 2017 ), World

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sean Healy and Victoria Russell

wrought. The rapid growth of internet connectivity, mobile phone usage and social media has made information much more accessible and available than ever before. This has made social media a critically important terrain of political contestation and conflict – and has provided new opportunities for authoritarian and populist states and movements (among others) to use these new technologies to target their opponents, including humanitarian providers and the people they seek to assist and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper

mosque yard then broke the mosque windows and demanded money and mobile phones from the people who had locked themselves inside. A second group came in the afternoon and, after robbing civilians, opened fire on the crowd. At some point, Ethiopian and Eritrean traders and their families were separated from the people identified as Darfuri and allowed to leave the mosque before the shooting resumed. It was only then that the intervention of the opposition higher command took

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

UNRWA on their mobile phones and/or laptops; all quotes from the circulars are taken verbatim from the documents on file with the author. In undertaking this close reading of the documents, I trace the nature and implications of a series of UNRWA’s more ‘private’ responses to the 2018 cuts, with a particular focus on shifts in educational and maternal and neonatal health services on the one hand and employment and pension rights on the other. I thus illustrate the extent to which UNRWA’s operational changes are invisible on the international

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Russell Southwood

Sub-Saharan Africa's first mobile phone operation was launched by Telecel in 1986 in what was then called Zaire (now DRC). Zaire was run by Mobutu Sese Seko as a country for which the word ‘kleptocracy’ was invented. Because Telecel was so far ahead of its time, the business was very much cast in the ‘old Africa’ mould: it needed to ‘grease the wheels’ with key politicians and became heavily dependent on their goodwill to keep operating. Its business model was one of selling scarcity expensively to elite customers. Before

in Africa 2.0