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Inside a continent’s communications revolution

Africa 2.0: Inside a continent’s communications revolution provides an important history of how two technologies – mobile calling and internet – were made available to millions of sub-Saharan Africans and the impact they have had on their lives. The book deals with the political challenges of liberalisation and privatisation that needed to be in place to get these technologies built. It analyses how the mobile phone fundamentally changed communications in sub-Saharan Africa and the ways Africans have made these technologies part of their lives. It examines critically the technologies’ impact on development practices and the key role development actors played in accelerating things like regulatory reform, fibre roll-out and mobile money. The book considers how corruption in the industry is a prism through which patronage relationships in government can be understood. The arrival of a start-up ecosystem has the potential to break these relationships and offer a new wave of investment opportunities. The author seeks to go beyond the hype to make a provisional assessment of the kinds of changes that have happened over three decades. It examines how and why these technologies became transformative and seem to have opened out a very different future for sub-Saharan Africa.

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A practical approach to working in multi-camera studios

This book is about producing video content with a multi-camera set-up. The principles apply whatever the form of distribution: digital network, Internet, mobile phone or 'other'. It is intended to be used alongside practical courses or modules, both in teaching institutions and in professional training environments. The book centres on Health and Safety in TV studios, which are potentially dangerous places. It gives a lot of key information about television studios and the people who work in them. The book focuses on exercises to practise some basic principles and shows how to build on these and develop proposals and projects. It goes into more detail on Drama, Music and Action, both in the context of student projects and in the professional world. The book explains detail of television aspect ratios; and a little about the meanings of Continuity. Since many multi-camera video productions use inserts shot on single camera, there are several references to single-camera shooting. The necessary elements in multi-camera production are: a vision mixer (switcher) for selecting the images to be recorded or transmitted; a Director co-ordinating the content; an assistant to keep track of timings and where the Director is in the script; and a Camera Operator for each camera, with a tally-light to show when the particular camera is on-shot.

Samantha Wilkinson

. While young people's everynight mobilities may be somewhat banal, this is not to say that these mobilities are not embodied, emotional and affective (Binnie et al., 2007 ). In getting to grips with the emotion, embodiment and affect inherent in young people's everynight lives, this chapter responds to Spinney's ( 2014 ) call for a broadening of the palette of methods utilised in the study of mobility. In this chapter, I first discuss mobile participant observation and mobile phone methods, with a focus on how they have been used and developed by others in

in Mundane Methods
Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

prove to be particularly useful to those who are illiterate and, rather paradoxically, to those who cannot use a mobile phone. Based on her observation that these interactions are often mediated by technology, Leung convincingly argues that technology-mediated interactions constitute proof of ‘the haphazard but functional dynamic of a network of weak ties’ (p. 54). Chapter 6 provides a compelling explanation of the complexities of how individuals from refugee backgrounds engage in digital

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Amanda Alencar
and
Julia Camargo

creation. Furthermore, refugee women are often not able to afford a phone and may be obliged to rely on their husband for connectivity ( Casswell, 2019 ). Previous research on digital practices has been particularly relevant to understand the gender and power dynamics shaping mobile phone usage in refugee settings. The fact that women are disproportionately undertaking care and homemaking duties affect the time they can devote to accessing digital spaces, hindering

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Future of Work among the Forcibly Displaced
Evan Easton-Calabria
and
Andreas Hackl

digital identity. This focus is intertwined with a rhetoric of empowerment for refugees. UNHCR posits that digital identity provides internet access, mobile phones and connected services, and that it is through this digital inclusion that ‘empowerment passes through’ ( UNHCR, 2018 : 2). At the same time that proponents of digital humanitarianism and innovation point out its virtues and vast potential, a now well-established body of literature focuses on

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned from an Intervention by Médecins Sans Frontières
Maria Ximena Di Lollo
,
Elena Estrada Cocina
,
Francisco De Bartolome Gisbert
,
Raquel González Juarez
, and
Ana Garcia Mingo

spoke out on how to manage a complex context, with high mortality rates and directly affecting a vulnerable group of the general population. A dedicated website was developed for the local authorities, health and care managers and professionals, with the aim of sharing knowledge, guidelines and best practice. A mobile phone application was also developed to facilitate easy access to information. MSF organised webinars in which tools

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Digital Skills Training and the Systematic Exclusion of Refugees in Lebanon
Rabih Shibli
and
Sarah Kouzi

repetitive, simple tasks – such as annotating or classifying images – that do not require advanced digital skills and are delivered using a mobile phone, tablet or computer. Accordingly, the first batch of graduates engaged in virtual microwork internships commissioned and managed by WFP’s Innovation Accelerator. Graduates worked on image annotation, sorting and cleaning non-sensitive data for 250 staple food items in 385 shops that were contracted by WFP, and used the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Synchronicity in Historical Research and Archiving Humanitarian Missions
Bertrand Taithe
,
Mickaël le Paih
, and
Fabrice Weissman

, 2015 ). Prior to mobile phones or the internet of course, as Mark Duffield (2018) pointed out, humanitarian practices were very differently wired and correspondence played a major role and left traces of exchanges which are now often untraceable. There were then some gaps in terms of who had a voice in the archive; national staff and logistical support often featured very little. In Cambodia we recorded a few of these voices insofar as possible and asked them to give an open account of their time in the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Irina Mützelburg (October 2022)
Brendan Lawson
,
Joël Glasman
, and
Irina Mützelburg

Ukraine. For each survey round, the IOM interviewed 2,000 respondents via the telephone using a random-digital-dial approach and stratified the sample to achieve representativeness. The IOM recognises certain limitations of this method, for instance the fact that the ‘exact proportion of the excluded populations is unknown’ as the ‘sample frame is limited to adults that use a mobile phone’ and it is ‘unknown if all phone networks were functional across the entire territory of Ukraine for

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs