This book explores whether early modern people cared about their health, and what
did it mean to lead a healthy life in Italy and England. According to the
Galenic-Hippocratic tradition, 'preservative' medicine was one of the
three central pillars of the physician's art. Through a range of textual
evidence, images and material artefacts, the book documents the profound impact
which ideas about healthy living had on daily practices as well as on
intellectual life and the material world in Italy and England. Staying healthy
and health conservation was understood as depending on the careful management of
the six 'Non-Naturals': the air one breathed, food and drink,
excretions, sleep, exercise and repose, and the 'passions of the
soul'. The book provides fresh evidence about the centrality of the
Non-Naturals in relation to groups whose health has not yet been investigated in
works about prevention: babies, women and convalescents. Pregnancy constituted a
frequent physical state for many women of the early modern European aristocracy.
The emphasis on motion and rest, cleansing the body, and improving the mental
and spiritual states made a difference for the aristocratic woman's success
in the trade of frequent pregnancy and childbirth. Preventive advice was not
undifferentiated, nor simply articulated by individual complexion. Examining the
roles of the Non-Naturals, the book provides a more holistic view of
convalescent care. It also deals with the paradoxical nature of perceptions
about the Neapolitan environment and the way in which its airs were seen to
affect human bodies and health.
This book discusses the extent of John Lyly's importance for early modern authorship in three parts: prose fiction, drama and reception. The first two parts study Lyly's impact on early modern culture, focusing on prose fiction and drama respectively. In each part, the first chapter assesses Lyly's originality and the second chapter assesses the impact of that authorship upon the print market for each of those literary forms. These two parts demonstrate how Lyly's work was innovative and was received and commodified by his contemporaries. The third part of the book examines Lyly's reception history up to the present day, focusing on nineteenth-century uses of the word euphuism as part of a debate over appropriate literary male style. The dynamic relationship between performance and text creates the market for two basic kinds of English literature: printed single-story fiction and printed drama. Lyly's dramaturgical stories are as elusive and protean as his prose fiction. At the same time that his character Euphues was being reworked and commodified by print writers and publishers, Lyly reworked and innovated ways to create fictional worlds and characters in the theatre.
Academic analyses in cultural studies of the second half of the twentieth century had made a case to extend the term 'culture' to the tastes, practices and creativity of the groups marginalised by ethnicity and class. This book deals with Shakespeare's role in contemporary culture in twenty-first-century England. It looks in detail at the way that Shakespeare's plays inform modern ideas of cultural value and the work required to make Shakespeare part of modern culture. The book shows how advocacy for Shakespeare's universal and transcendent values deal with multiple forms of 'Shakespeare' in the present and the past. His plays have the potential to provide a tangible proxy for value that may stabilise the contingency and uncertainty that attends the discussion of both value and culture in the twenty-first century. The book shows how the discussions of culture involve both narratives of cultural change and ways of managing the knowledge in order to arrive at definitions of culture as valuable. It examines the new languages of value proffered by the previous Labour government in the first decade of the twenty-first century. The book further shows how both the languages and the practice of contemporary cultural policy have been drastically affected by economic pressures and the political changes occasioned by the post-2008 fiscal crisis.
THREE ACCOUNTS FROM THE 1990S
John B. Thompson’s (1990) study, Ideology and ModernCulture, was a
major attempt to revise the term for social analysis. Thompson’s perspective and address are essentially those of a sociology wanting to
emphasise afresh the importance of the media and of mediation. This
sometimes makes for an awkward relationship between the terms of his
account and the established literature of media research. After all, media
research had been trying to pay attention to the socio-symbolic forms of
mediation for a good quarter of a century before
Nyarlathotep . H. P. Lovecraft.
Considering the immense impact of H.
P. Lovecraft’s stories on modernculture, it might seem at first
sight surprising how few of them have been filmed. Lovecraft wrote
around sixty stories and three novellas, but only ten of these have
served as the actual basis of feature films. Indeed, Dan O’Bannon
has called Lovecraft ‘an unconquered film category
from within early modernculture, but instead from the German
Idealist thinker Johann Gottfried Herder. 10 Thus it locates itself within the
ambit of German romanticism or Idealism and its inheritances,
seeking to read the early modern in terms of an aesthetic that is
post-Kantian (although not Kantian) rather than being itself early
modern. Indeed, new historicist discourse frequently foregrounds its
the 84–trillion dollar financial derivatives market, and the sub-prime section of that market was the epicentre of the
crash (MacKenzie, 2008).
Why did the value of houses, and thereby mortgages, increase so much
during the recent period of neoliberal globalization? The value of the house
can be understood in terms of what Simmel (1997b) formulates as The Conflict
in ModernCulture between the hypertrophy of objective culture and the
relative underdevelopment of subjective culture. As the structures and institutions of modern society become more vast, impersonal and
, exploring the different ways in which he used manuscript
verse to construct a place for himself within the major institutions of early
modernculture, and across the range of their temporal and spiritual activities.
Making things happen might be, perhaps, the broadest useful definition of
agency; and attention to the path of Lewis’s career reveals the means of access
that poetry provided him to these institutions, and its importance as a means
of advancement once within them. To follow Lewis’s writing and career along
these lines is to place him, and to explore his agency
deconstruction. Take any one of these features out of the context of all the rest, however, and they will merely signify that you have your jacket on inside out or don't believe in ironing. Again, these individual items have their place in an overall structure, and the structure is of greater significance than the individual item.
The other major figure in the early phase of structuralism was Roland Barthes, who applied the structuralist method to the general field of modernculture. He examined modern France (of the 1950s) from the standpoint of a cultural anthropologist in
being read against that tradition, which Tudor translators and
printers ushered into early modernculture, so that it coexisted with
readers’ direct engagement with the classics through editions of
the source texts and new vernacular translations. This coloured
Marlowe’s reading of the classics and contributes to the
play’s rich fabric of irony and pathos. Second, with this
background in mind, I shall