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Paul Jackson

, cosmopolitan modernity. As Griffin’s BNP publicly distanced itself from Tyndall ’s more overt racist framing, it was governed by four key terms that defined its modernisation strategy: Freedom, Democracy, Security and Identity, the last in many ways being the most important. By talking about defending British identity from attack, Griffin reasoned, a discourse around white

in Pride in prejudice
New Labour and public sector reform
Eric Shaw

8 The meaning of modernisation: New Labour and public sector reform Eric Shaw Introduction If there is a dominant motif in Labour’s approach to the conduct of domestic policy, it is ‘modernisation’ – and its synonym, ‘reform’. No set of institutions were more frequently and in a more thoroughgoing and sustained manner the object of modernisation than the public services.1 ‘The reform of our public services’, John Reid declared, ‘is the crucible in which the future shape of the progressive centre-left politics is being forged’ (Reid 2005). It was, the Prime

in In search of social democracy
J. A. Chandler

9 ‘Modernising’ the system 1951–79 The incoming Conservative Government of 1951 had no developed plans for reforming local government. The Butskillist common ground between the Conservative and the Labour Party encompassed a tacit consensus on the structure and functions of the system as it had developed into a more service-orientated approach since 1945. Underlying this common outlook also ran an undercurrent of modernising zeal that had propelled Jowitt, Willink and, later, Bevan to consider the restructuring of the system into larger units. During the 1950s

in Explaining local government
J. A. Chandler

7 The slow road to ‘modernisation’ The inter-war years were dominated by a resurgent Conservative Party. Many of its members’ sympathies still lay, as regards local governance, on the Salisbury plain of a dual polity. However, fears that urban government might be captured by socialists and used to further ownership of the means of production compelled Conservatives to reluctantly interfere in local politics. Even Conservatives like Neville Chamberlain who sympathised with New Liberal values of equality of opportunity tempered their support for the larger

in Explaining local government

This monograph recasts the modernisation of the Labour Party and sheds new light on Labour’s years in the wilderness between 1979 and 1997. The monograph uniquely traces the party’s major organisational changes across its eighteen years of opposition. Labour’s organisational modernisation in this period fundamentally altered the party’s internal structures, policy-making pathways and constitution. The study begins with an investigation into the scene inherited by Labour’s leadership in the early 1980s and examines Neil Kinnock’s quest for a stable majority on the party’s ruling National Executive Committee between 1983 and 1987. From this position the monograph surveys the major organisational changes of the Labour Party in their period of opposition: the Policy Review (1987–92), One Member, One Vote (1992–94), Clause IV (1995–96) and Partnership in Power (1996–97). Through a re-examination of Labour’s modernisation, in the light of new source material and extensive primary interviews, this research significantly contributes to the understanding of the rise of New Labour.

Robert W. Lewis

169 5 Postwar modernisation and the stadium, 1945–​98 When the Parc des Princes stadium reopened its doors in May 1972, after five years of renovation and reconstruction, it was immediately lauded for its aggressively modern appearance. L’Equipe, the influential daily sports newspaper, praised the ‘superb, imposing, luminous’ Parc as an ‘oval cathedral of grey concrete’ that was ‘pure and clear like the sky of the Ile-​de-​France’.1 The chief administrator of the city of Paris, Jean Verdier, wrote that the spectator would be awed by the new 50,000-​seat

in The stadium century
Towards a third way and back?
Hartwig Pautz

7 The modernisation of German social democracy: towards a third way and back? Hartwig Pautz The German Social Democratic Party (SPD) has undergone a number of revisions since its birth in the nineteenth century. This chapter will explore the latest debate about what the SPD stands for. As a programme party, the debate about long-term objectives, values and ideological principles has been of particular importance to party members, its leaders and the public. Hence the focus of this chapter: it will document and analyse the programmatic discourse of the SPD

in In search of social democracy
Author: Paul Kennedy

This book considers the most electorally successful political party in Spain, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) which was in government for two of the three decades since it won office under Felipe González in 1982. Providing rich historical background, the book's main focus is on the period since General Franco's death in 1975 and charts Spain's modernisation under the PSOE, with a particular focus on the role played by European integration in this process. Covering events including the 2011 general election, the book is one of the most up-to-date works available in English and will be of great interest to academics, undergraduate and postgraduate students in the field of Spanish and European studies.

Joy Y. Zhang and Saheli Datta Burton

expectations are widely understood, Chinese and Indian discontent are much less discussed. To untie this Gordian knot, we argue it is important to understand the role of life sciences in the dual processes of modernisation and globalisation. We examine these themes in the next two sections. This gives insight into a particular subaltern anxiety shared by both countries that simultaneously gives rise to their aspirations and vexations. The discussion in this chapter effectively provides essential historical background which leads to

in The elephant and the dragon in contemporary life sciences
Mary A. Conley

Between 1850 and 1913, the navy almost quadrupled in size, from 39,000 to 146,000 men. British naval expansion during the late nineteenth century resulted from a variety of developments – diplomatic tensions, naval scares, imperial uncertainties, internal domestic pressures and new technologies – which forced the navy to modernise its ships and to professionalise its men

in From Jack Tar to Union Jack