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Allyn Fives

3 Moral dilemmas In Part I of this book, I argued that paternalism is inadequate as a general account of parental power. And as both the caretaker thesis and the liberation thesis equate parental power with paternalism, their adequacy as theories of parental power is questionable for that reason. However, of greater significance for our present purposes is the fact that, according to each thesis, when we evaluate parental power, we will not be faced with irresolvable moral conflicts. There are two aspects to this argument, and they are the focus of this chapter

in Evaluating parental power
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Divorce, birth control and abortion
Caitríona Beaumont

3 Moral dilemmas: divorce, birth control and abortion S ignificant changes in public attitudes towards divorce, birth control and abortion occurred during the inter-war period. Legislation was introduced which extended the grounds for divorce and for the first time information on birth control was made available to married mothers at local authority clinics, albeit on strict medical grounds. Concerns about the rise in the maternal mortality rate highlighted the prevalence, as well as the dangers, of illegal abortion. This led to a number of women’s groups

in Housewives and citizens
Margaret Brazier and Emma Cave

desirable. The power of the doctor to end life, whether by switching off a ventilator, or by deciding not to put a patient on the active transplant list, disturbs us all. These moral dilemmas are just as acutely felt by doctors. Their difficulties are accentuated by the fact that the new technology cannot be made available to all those in need. There is just not enough money or resources in the NHS. Above all, the medical profession today faces a society more deeply divided on virtually every moral question than ever before. The public demands a say in medical decision

in Medicine, patients and the law (sixth edition)
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
An exercise in pluralist political theory
Author: Allyn Fives

This is a book about parents, power, and children and, in particular, the legitimacy of parents' power over their children. It takes seriously the challenge posed by moral pluralism, and considers the role of both theoretical rationality and practical judgement in resolving moral dilemmas associated with parental power. The book first examines the prevailing view about parental power: a certain form of paternalism, justified treatment of those who lack the qualities of an agent, and one that does not generate moral conflicts. It proposes an alternative, pluralist view of paternalism before showing that even paternalism properly understood is of limited application when we evaluate parental power. According to the caretaker thesis, parental power makes up for the deficits in children's agency, and for that reason children should be subjected to standard institutional paternalism. The liberation thesis stands at the other end of the spectrum concerning children's rights. The book then addresses the counter-argument that issues of legitimacy arise in the political domain and not in respect of parent-child relations. It also examines the 'right to parent' and whether parents should be licensed, monitored, or trained children's voluntariness and competence, and the right to provide informed consent for medical treatment and research participation. Finally, the book talks about parents' efforts to share a way of life with their children and the State's efforts to shape the values of future citizens through civic education. The overall approach taken has much more in common with the problem-driven political philosophy.

Allyn Fives

plurality, we can be faced with moral dilemmas. As we shall see in Chapter 4, findings from psychology strongly support the view that parents can use their power so as to promote their children’s agency. Nonetheless, empirical findings such as these do not by themselves resolve the moral conflicts that can arise when parents exercise power for this purpose. Even when parents successfully promote their children’s social, cognitive, and emotional development, they can be faced with moral dilemmas, conflicts which call into question the legitimacy of their power. And

in Evaluating parental power
Sophie Roborgh

: ‘Internally, we had to keep grilling, and this is unfortunate, because it might have alienated the relationship between [local staff on the ground and us], the trust that has to exist. You know, we are here in Turkey and very comfortable.’ It signifies the experience of moral dilemmas among the advocacy and media staff, who on the one hand wanted to disclose the extent of violence their local staff faced, and on the other hand wanted to respect their

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Allyn Fives

in the political domain, as it is defined by Rawls and others, they are required in regard to the family as well. However, I also want to say more about the requirement of moral objectivity where competing moral claims are in conflict. In Chapter 3, I argued that we should resolve dilemmas through a form of practical reasoning and practical judgement owing much to liberal thinkers such as Rawls and Thomas Nagel. In this chapter, I explore whether such a ‘liberal’ approach to practical judgement is appropriate when we consider moral dilemmas in situations liberals

in Evaluating parental power
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Representing persecution and extermination in French crime fiction of the 1980s and 1990s
Claire Gorrara

 witness box. As leading  French historians asserted, the trials revealed a fundamental incompatibility between the legal context and historical record that could not be  bridged without contortion of the historical evidence on the one hand  and legal process on the other.15 Secondly, the two trials accentuated the  moraldilemmas involved in judging events and motivations more than  fifty  years  later.  Key  to  such  debates  was  the  probable  knowledge  that  Vichy functionaries, such as Maurice Papon, could have had of the final  destination of the Jewish people

in French crime fiction and the Second World War
Necroethics and rights in a world of shit
Mario Prost

ill-suited to govern warfare. In what follows, I want to complicate this line of argument by examining some of its underlying assumptions about films, law and warfare. I start by raising some preliminary questions about what films do and difficulties involved in interpreting and categorizing cinematic works. I move on to argue that, rather than advocating the setting aside of humanitarian principles in the name of some vitally important ends, many of the films reviewed are perhaps best understood as depicting the moral dilemmas raised by the implementation of

in Cinematic perspectives on international law