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Mary Chamberlain

intent and effect. E. P. Thompson’s insights on the ‘moral economy of the poor’ in the eighteenth century and James C. Scott’s comparable insights into the peasantry of Southeast Asia in the first half of the twentieth century can be applied in some measure to the conditions and responses of rural workers in Barbados in the same period. In all cases, the ‘right to subsistence’ constituted the cornerstone

in Empire and nation-building in the Caribbean
Narratives of Ukrainian solo female migrants in Italy
Olena Fedyuk

Naples and Bologna with Ukrainian women, and from over 10 years of repeated visits and follow ups with several of the women in particular, within the context of making a documentary film around the issues discussed here. My methodology included participant observation, in-depth life-story interviews, observations, and discussions in places of work, rented homes, as well as public gathering places, such as parks, minivan parking lots, or churches. Moral economies of transnational intimacies While ‘The Boom’ article cited earlier

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Open Access (free)
The early reception of Malthus
Niall O’Flaherty

, for a truly orthodox Malthusianism. Naturally, it is the role of Malthus’s ideas in the controversy over the poor laws in early nineteenth-century England that has received most scholarly attention. In this context, he has frequently been portrayed as ‘the arch-demoraliser’, plotting to supplant ‘the moral economy’ which had previously governed attitudes to the poor with a ‘political economy’ which reduced such relations to questions of cost benefit. 4 Two variations on this theme – which originated in E. P

in Ideas of poverty in the Age of Enlightenment
Reinventing depression among Rio de Janeiro urban dwellers
Leandro David Wenceslau
Francisco Ortega

schedule offered was not very convenient. Over the following months, Pedro continued to fail to gain weight, and he did not participate in any of the ‘unit groups’, but, after some resistance, started taking fluoxetine. However, he complained that he still saw no improvement with regard to his weight loss. He was still unhappy with his ‘unemployment’ and was worried about his wife. He kept regular appointments with his medical practitioner, who, in turn, insisted that he participate in the groups. ‘Hill’ and ‘asphalt’ as moral economies Raquel and Pedro were

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
Patrícia Alves de Matos

specific modes of conduct and behaviour through which subjectivities are organised and disciplined in the early stages of learning the job. The processes the trainees (and later workers) go through reveal how emotions, bureaucracy and hierarchy are framed in the organisation of work. These processes disclose a moral economy of labourer production within the Portuguese call centre sector, in which operators are positioned, valued, evaluated, and envisioned as potential containers of subordination and agency. Recruitment: skills, docility and autonomy In Portugal, the

in Disciplined agency
Anne Marie Losonczy

Since the early 1990s, armed actors have invaded territories in the Chocó and Antioquia departments of Colombia, inhabited by Afro-Colombians and Indians whose collective rights in these territories had recently been legally recognised. Based on long-term fieldwork among the Emberá Katío, this article examines social, cosmological and ritual alterations and re-organisation around violent death. Following a national policy of post-conflict reparations, public exhumations and identifications of human remains reveal new local modes of understanding and administration. In particular, suicide, hitherto completely unknown to the Emberá, broke out in a multitude of cases, mostly among the youth. Local discourse attributes this phenomenon to the number of stray corpses resulting from the violence, who are transformed into murderous spirits which shamans can no longer control. The analysis focusses on the unprecedented articulation of a renewed eschatology, the intricate effects of an internal political reorganisation and the simultaneous inroad into their space of new forms of armed insurrectional violence. Thus the article will shed light on the emergence of a new transitional moral economy of death among the Emberá.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Four Conversations with Canadian Communications Officers
Dominique Marshall

As the production, content and display of humanitarian images faced the requirements of digital media, humanitarian organizations struggled to keep equitable visual practices. Media specialists reflect on past and current uses of images in four Canadian agencies: the Canadian Red Cross, the Multicultural Council of Saskatchewan, the World University Service of Canada and IMPACT. Historically, the risk to reproduce the global inequalities they seek to remedy has compelled photographers, filmmakers and publicists in these agencies to develop codes of visual practice. In these conversations, they have shared the insights gained in transforming their work to accompany the rise of new digital technologies and social media. From one agency to the other, the lines of concern and of innovation converge. On the technical side, the officers speak of the advantage of telling personal stories, and of using short videos and infographics. On the organizational side, they have updated ways to develop skills in media production and visual literacy among workers, volunteers, partners and recipients, at all levels of their activity. These interviews further reveal that Communications Officers share with historians a wish to collect, preserve and tell past histories that acknowledge the role of all actors in the humanitarian sphere, as well as an immediate need to manage the abundance of visual documents with respect and method. To face these challenges, the five interviewees rely on democratic traditions of image-making: the trusted relationships, both with the Canadian public and with local peoples abroad, which have always informed the production and the content of visual assets. For this reason, humanitarian publicists might be in a privileged position to intervene in larger and urgent debates over the moral economy of the circulation of digital images in a globalized public space.

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

– the propagation of a particular doctrine, practice, or ideology, such as the humanitarian movement and its principles. These movies sometimes led to substantial financial outcomes, with more than £60,000 raised for Famine in Russia after two years of exploitation, and £500,000 raised during the campaign that followed New Worlds for Old ( Tusan, 2017 : 223, 227). But rather than effective fundraising tools, these films more often seemed to fit ‘political motives’ ( Palmieri, 2019 : 94). They operated in a moral economy in which images served several purposes

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

marketable moral economy of good intentions. While this has succeeded in creating societal acceptance (in the case of drones) or new consumers (in the case of cash cards), the promoters of humanitarian wearables might be more interested in achieving mass distribution to enable the technology to become a vehicle for large-scale data collection. Within the range of ‘tech for good’ items intended in the emergent discourse on wearables to provide technical fixes for world poverty

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Rob Boddice

experienced, and the ways in which moral economies are formed, entrenched, destabilised and changed. I will come back to the specific term ‘moral economy’ presently, but first it is necessary to build the case for emotions as the basis of morality. I do not want to set out a philosophical agenda here, though I will out of necessity have to refer to one. Rather, I will attempt to lay out some common ground about what morality is when it is encountered at the level of experience, rather than in the abstract. Without doubt

in The History of Emotions