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Beur and banlieue filmmaking in France
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Debates about (and resistances to) France's changing identity as a plural, multi-ethnic society are thus at the forefront of public preoccupations. This book aims to assess the ways in which filmmaking in France might contribute to such debates by foregrounding the voices and subjectivities of ethnic others and thereby reframing the way in which difference is conceptualized. The core focus is the appearance and after-effects of two related phenomena in the history of French cinema, cinéma beur and cinéma de banlieue. The book traces the history of beur filmmaking practices from the margins to the mainstream, from low-budget autobiographically inspired features to commercial filmmaking, and assesses their effectiveness in addressing questions of identity and difference. It attempts to gauge the significance of place in the construction of identity through an analysis of films set in the multi-ethnic banlieue. The book also assesses the extent to which the inscription of displacement and identity in films by emigre Algerian filmmakers overlaps with or differentiates itself from that found in beur cinema. For filmmakers of Maghrebi descent, filmmaking is more than just a question of representation, it is also a way of negotiating their own position within French society. Bensalah's Le Raïd demonstrates how the themes of beur filmmaking can be recuperated by beur filmmakers as well as by white filmmakers. Ameur-Zaifmeche's difficulties in making Wesh wesh illustrate how beur filmmaking may still take place in the interstices of the French film industry.

Bryan Fanning

17 Immigration, the Celtic Tiger and the economic crisis One of the legacies of the Celtic Tiger period of rapid economic growth has been the transformation of the Republic of Ireland (hereafter Ireland) into a multi-ethnic society with a large permanent immigrant population. The 2006 census identified 419,733 non-Irish citizens as living in the country. By 2011, when the next census was taken, this number had risen to 544,357. Ireland’s immigrant population seemed to have increased during the economic crisis. In fact it peaked in 2008 at over 575,000, or 12

in Irish adventures in nation-building
Abstract only
Carrie Tarr

identifiably French stories. Beur filmmaking, then, can be seen as by, for and about the French, understood as a plural, multi-ethnic society; and, paradoxically, filmmakers of Maghrebi descent can themselves be seen as positive models of integration in France, entering but also reframing the symbolic spaces of French culture.

in Reframing difference
Carrie Tarr

backgrounds, in this case black-blanc-métisse . But whereas La Haine , despite its exhilarating style, is primarily a pessimistic, realist film, Métisse is a light-hearted comedy with a happy ending. Superficially, then, these two films, made only two years apart, appear to offer diametrically opposed constructions of France as a multicultural, multi-ethnic society, Métisse promising hybridity and racial harmony, La Haine beginning and ending

in Reframing difference
Shailja Sharma

imaginary and breaking the silent but persistent link between nationality and race. Young Franco-Maghrebis have employed the dual strategy of engaging in local issues to bypass larger questions of nation, as well as looking to a bi-national (in the case of the Maghreb and France) or supranational (the EU) space for political and cultural action.7 The Runnymede Trust’s report (2000) on the ‘future of multi-ethnic Britain’ begins with a fact that few recognize as true: Britain is a multi-ethnic society. The report attacks the conservative shibboleth that multiculturalism is

in Postcolonial minorities in Britain and France
Democratisation, nationalism and security in former Yugoslavia
Paul Latawski
and
Martin A. Smith

South East Europe. This is well illustrated by the example of a report spawned by the Stability Pact process. Working Table I produced a draft report on The Promotion of Multi-Ethnic Society and Democratic Citizenship in South Eastern Europe in February 2000. A team of advisors from the Council of Europe drafted this report, which was to form the basis of an ‘action plan’. During its preparation the team enjoyed the co

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Les Histoires d’amour finissent mal en général and Souviens-toi de moi
Carrie Tarr

If dominant French cinema has tended to maintain the hegemony of a white, patriarchal, eurocentric understanding of Frenchness, voices from the periphery, particularly those of filmmakers of Maghrebi descent, have turned French cinema into a site of struggle for constructions of French national identity based on the realities of France as a multicultural, multi-ethnic society. One of the most original voices to intervene in this arena was

in Reframing difference
Thiago Assunção

’s advanced refugee law and innovative practice of ‘humanitarian visas’ are worthy of consideration. Even though racism and the situation of many Indigenous peoples remain problematic, Brazil can be described as a multi-ethnic society, with a long history of receiving migrants from different parts of the world. The reception of Haitians and Syrians on humanitarian grounds, for instance

in Statelessness, governance, and the problem of citizenship
Ciarán O’Kelly

manifestation. It is the root of solidarity in the nation-state that is still the primary focus of our political lives. The contemporary nation-state is being squeezed, both from above and from below. The world we have inherited is made up of increasingly multi-ethnic societies, with stronger global institutions and changes in the nature of communications media, travel and education. As a matter of course, people

in Political concepts
The negotiation of belonging and family life
Liam Coakley

the difficulties she experiences when passing customs and immigration checkpoints make her feel when she states, ‘I am a black Irish and there are white Irish. I don’t know if Irish people consider us black Irish as real Irish.’ Equally, Sarah calls Irish society’s ability to be truly inclusive into question on foot of the social incivilities she has experienced. She states that Irish society has to acknowledge ‘that we are now living a multicultural, multi-ethnic society’. Sarah goes on to state that ‘it belongs to Irish people to wake up and realize that change

in Migrations