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Barbados, 1937–66

This book examines the processes of nation building in the British West Indies. It argues that nation building was a complex and messy affair, involving women and men in a range of social and cultural activities, in a variety of migratory settings, within a unique geo-political context. Taking as a case study Barbados, which, in the 1930s, was the most economically impoverished, racially divided, socially disadvantaged and politically conservative of the British West Indian colonies, the book tells the messy, multiple stories of how a colony progressed to a nation. It tells all sides of the independence story.

Bryan Fanning

1 Adventures in nation-building At the time of writing the Republic of Ireland is in the midst of a decade of centenary celebrations of key milestones in the foundation of an independent Irish nation-state. It is also struggling with the legacy of a prolonged economic crisis that has challenged some of the Republic’s cherished narratives. Nations, Benedict Anderson has influentially argued, are imagined communities. And what is being imagined of course changes over time. My vantage point is that of a social scientist who is an avid reader of works on Irish

in Irish adventures in nation-building
Author: Bryan Fanning

This book examines the debates and processes that have shaped the modernisation of Ireland since the beginning of the twentieth century. There are compelling justifications for methodological nationalism using research and analysis focused on the jurisdiction of a nation-state. The nation-state remains a necessary unit of analysis not least because it is a unit of taxation and representation, a legal and political jurisdiction, a site of bounded loyalties and of identity politics. The book argues that nationalism in twenty-first-century Ireland is even more powerful and socially embedded than it was in de Valera's Ireland. It considers what kind of Ireland Pearse wanted to bring about. Pearse proposed a model that was very different from the already dominant Catholic model that did much to incubate modern Ireland. Beyond this, Catholicism offered a distinct response to modernity aimed at competing with the two main secular ideologies: liberalism and socialism. Women have been marginalised in most of the debates that shaped Ireland even where they were directly affected by them. One of the most picked-over episodes in twentieth-century Irish history has been the conflict surrounding the Mother and Child Scheme. The book examines this conflict as a starting point of an analysis of the place of women in post-independence Ireland. It further addresses the rise and fall of the Celtic Tiger, the name given to a period of rapid economic growth that was likened to the performance of East Asian 'tiger' economies.

Lessons learned, lessons lost
Author: Thomas R. Seitz

This book explores the processes through which nation-building policy approaches originated and developed over the last seven decades as well as the concepts and motivations that shaped them. In the process, the book explores the question of how the US became involved in nation building overseas in the first place, and explores the persistent questions about the relationship between order, security and development in nation-building projects. At the same time, the book points out lessons that should have been retained from America's Cold War nation-building efforts in developing areas. At the cost of a great deal of treasure and no small amount of blood, the United States implemented nation building and other internal security programs in dozens of developing countries at the height of the Cold War. A generation after these policies peaked in scope and intensity, the US embarked on similar projects in a range of countries, the most ambitious in Iraq and Afghanistan. However, recent studies of America's experience with nation-building neglect these Cold War experiences in the developing world, ignoring costly lessons from efforts by which the US attempted to build functioning, cohesive state institutions in less developed contexts, including new states emerging from the decolonization process.

Bryan Fanning

3 Nation-building and exclusion Introduction This chapter examines dominant (and changing) conceptions of Irish national identity. It explores the development of exclusionary conceptions of identity homogeneity linked to nationalism and nation-building from the nineteenth century onwards with reference to the experiences of Protestant, Jewish and Traveller minority communities. Much of this chapter is concerned with the past; first, to demonstrate how, with regard to dominant understandings of ‘Irishness’, the goalposts of imagined community have moved before

in Racism and social change in the Republic of Ireland
Bryan Fanning

13 New rules of belonging Economic Development (1958) – a report written by T.K. Whitaker, then the senior official in the Department of Finance – has been venerated as the foundation text of a new post-1950s nation-building project.1 The main body of the report was nothing special; it mostly focused on prospects for Irish agriculture. However, Economic Development included as an appendix Whitaker’s December 1957 memorandum to the cabinet proposing the new policy direction.2 In time, a focus on making economic growth the defining national project sidelined a

in Irish adventures in nation-building
Bryan Fanning

’s distinctive religious history – Penal Laws followed by Catholic emancipation and a devotional revolution – looked much like post-­ Reformation Europe in reverse. Catholic churches were mostly newer FANNING 9781784993221 PRINT.indd 44 19/01/2016 13:25 A Catholic vision of Ireland 45 than Protestant ones and Catholic schools had been integral to the nation-building project that would lead to Irish independence. The Protestant Church of Ireland was disestablished in 1871 and had lost much of its political influence. By the time of independence the Catholic Church was on

in Irish adventures in nation-building
David Arter

2 Nation-building and state-building, 1809–1944 She did not love her country, only her plot and shack, A few yards of the stream, and the lava, rough and black. (Guðmundur Friðjónsson, ‘The widow by the stream’, cited in Karlsson 1995: 36) The aim of this chapter is to provide a brief but necessary historical background to the emergence of the present arrangement of five nation states and three Home Rule territories in the Nordic region. It proposes to do so in a comparative and thematic fashion, organising the material around the twin concepts of nation-building

in Scandinavian politics today
Mary Chamberlain

making, one which used the ‘language of individual suffering and recovery to tell the story of the struggle and redemption of a nation’. 96 It was a process regarded as essential to its nation-building efforts. While the TRC has not been without its critics – the language of trauma and therapy may have shaped the memories and narratives, or simplified and decontextualised apartheid policies and laws, or

in Empire and nation-building in the Caribbean
Abstract only
Thomas R. Seitz

1 Introduction At the cost of a great deal of treasure and no small amount of blood, the United States of America implemented nation-building and other internal security programmes – that is, programmes designed to strengthen a recipient state’s control over its territory, enhance its popular legitimacy and generally improve its stability and viability – in dozens of developing countries at the height of the Cold War. A generation after these policies peaked in scope and intensity, representing what Townsend Hoopes called the ‘tidal high water mark’ of America

in The evolving role of nation-building in US foreign policy