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The white woman in colonial India, c. 1820–1930
Author: Indrani Sen

This book explores colonial gendered interactions, with a special focus on the white woman in colonial India. It examines missionary and memsahibs' colonial writings, probing their construction of Indian women of different classes and regions, such as zenana women, peasants, ayahs and wet-nurses. The three groups of white women focused upon are memsahibs, missionaries and, to a certain extent, ordinary soldiers' wives. Among white women in colonial India, it was the female missionaries who undoubtedly participated most closely in the colonial 'civilising mission'. The book addresses through a scrutiny of the literary works written by 'New Indian Women', such as Flora Annie Steel. Cross-racial gendered interactions were inflected by regional diversities, and the complexity of the category of the 'native woman'. The colonial household was a site of tension, and 'the anxieties of colonial rule manifest themselves most clearly in the home'. The dynamics of the memsahib-ayah relationship were rooted in race/class hierarchies, domestic power structures and predicated on the superiority of the colonising memsahib. The book also examines colonial medical texts, scrutinising how they wielded authoritative power over vulnerable young European women through the power/knowledge of their medical directives. Colonial discourse sought to project the white woman's vulnerability to specific mental health problems, as well as the problem of addiction of 'barrack wives'. Giving voice to the Indian woman, the book scrutinises the fiction of the first generation of western-educated Indian women who wrote in English, exploring their construction of white women and their negotiations with colonial modernities.

Abstract only
Indrani Sen

narratives – both overt as well as submerged beneath the surface. What emerged from our reading of colonial discursive writings was a complex picture replete with tensions and contradictions. In the colonial imaginary, the ‘nativewoman tended to be simplified into the monolithic figure of the ‘oppressed zenana woman’, but our readings of various

in Gendered transactions
Abstract only
Indrani Sen

female guests. 45 With regard to gendered encounters, it is also important to unpack the colonial category of the ‘nativewoman, as this study seeks to do. I seek to scrutinise how these cross-racial gendered interactions were inflected by regional diversities, and wish to bring across the complexity of the category of the ‘native woman’. Far from being a monolithic category, it was inflected

in Gendered transactions
Abstract only
Le Salaire de la peur
Christopher Lloyd

his taxi, like Jo in the film). Although Linda appears to have a sexual relationship with both Hernandez and Mario in the film, the brothel has disappeared and Linda has been ethnically cleansed (Mario’s rejection of her would in fact make more sense if she had remained a fallen native woman, rather than become a stunning beauty like Vera Clouzot). We also learn that Linda has been paid by Gérard to have sex with the desperate young Italian Bernardo, whose suicide precedes the deaths of the drivers (Bernardo is the only character transferred unchanged to the film

in Henri-Georges Clouzot
Heidi J. Holder

.H. Amherst’s The Burmese War; or, Our Victories in the East , an early melodrama staged at Astley’s Amphitheatre in March 1826, a native woman warns that ‘the wind and waves of the Birman land are not to be trusted’; 3 shortly thereafter a British shipwreck occurs, during a birthday celebration for King George IV, making up the action of two lengthy scenes and presenting us with a drowning widow and orphan

in Acts of supremacy
Memsahibs, ayahs and wet-nurses
Indrani Sen

more affectionate creature I never knew’, Sherwood recollected how, ‘For hours and hours she used to pace the verandah with my boy.’ 59 Despite all the ayah’s ministrations, however, the child died; years later, the memory of the ‘nativewoman ‘unfeignedly weeping for her boy’ led Sherwood to reflect upon the common grief that bound together European mother and low

in Gendered transactions
Shannon Scott

the torch, and muttering the indistinct words of what might have been a species of incantation’. 24 The Native woman behaves as a ‘witch’, incanting and dancing in a hypnotic manner as if she is casting a spell. A similar scene appears in Sedgwick’s Hope Leslie when Nelema mimes the movements of a snake during a healing ceremony: ‘She writhed her body into the most horrible

in She-wolf
Brett L. Shadle

all well and good. Yet capital punishment could be applied regardless of the race of victim or offender. 119 This had not been Grigg’s original intention. He had assured the Secretary of State that any man guilty of raping a ‘non-nativewoman should be executed, regardless of his race. But intra-African rape was a lesser crime: the death penalty ‘could not of course be imposed for rape upon a native

in The souls of white folk
John McLeod

educational and other institutions along with the cultural values and traditions to which they testify. In addition, native peoples who have written in English have found it difficult to be heard, or have even had their critical representations of Canada dismissed as ‘parochial’. LaRocque describes specifically the relationship between the ‘Native woman writer’ and the English language with these memorable words which are worth quoting at length: To a Native woman, English is like an ideological onion whose stinging layers of racism and sexism must be peeled away

in Beginning postcolonialism (second edition)
The white woman’s health issues in colonial medical writings
Indrani Sen

narcotic, called bhang ’, they were also ungrateful and exploitative of the young white mothers; most importantly, the European mother’s milk (by virtue of her race) was far superior to the ‘poor and watery milk of a native woman’. 96 In contrast, the author of A Domestic Guide recommended the use of wet-nurses, observing that ‘no infant thrives so well in India as

in Gendered transactions