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Representing naval manhood in the British Empire, 1870–1918
Author: Mary A. Conley

The later nineteenth century was a time of regulation and codification, which was part of the Victorian search for reliability and respectability. This book examines the intersection between empire, navy, and manhood in British society from 1870 to 1918. It sheds light upon social and cultural constructions of working-class rather than elite masculinities by focusing on portrayals of non-commissioned naval men, the 'lower deck', rather than naval officers. Through an analysis of sources that include courts-martial cases, sailors' own writings, and the HMS Pinafore, the book charts new depictions of naval manhood during the Age of Empire. It was a period of radical transformation of the navy, intensification of imperial competition, democratisation of British society, and advent of mass culture. The book argues that popular representations of naval men increasingly reflected and informed imperial masculine ideals in Victorian and Edwardian Britain. It explains how imperial challenges, technological changes and domestic pressures transformed the navy and naval service from the wake of the Crimean War to the First World War. How female-run naval philanthropic organisations domesticated the reputation of naval men by refashioning the imagery of the drunken debauched sailor through temperance and evangelical campaigns is explained. The naval temperance movement was not singular in revealing the clear class dimensions in the portrayal of naval manhood. The book unveils how the British Bluejacket as both patriotic defender and dutiful husband and father stood in sharp contrast to the stereotypic image of the brave but bawdy tar of the Georgian navy.

Social mobility, heroism and naval manhood
Mary A. Conley

The naval temperance movement was not singular in revealing the clear class dimensions in the portrayal of naval manhood. A significant component in constructing gendered identities in their lived and hegemonic forms, class influenced most distinctly the complexion of gender and manliness in Victorian Britain and empire. 1 Analysing the class implications of representing

in From Jack Tar to Union Jack
Philanthropy, Agnes Weston and contested manhood
Mary A. Conley

in 1915, the new legislation made much of the work of the SSFA and the various other relief funds redundant. Naval temperance While ship disasters brought the navy and charitable work to public attention in moments of crisis, the naval temperance movement was a decades-long campaign that kept public attention focused on the problem of drink in the navy. 46 The movement took place during the late

in From Jack Tar to Union Jack