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Introduction Along with fishing, navigation is the oldest use of the sea; and it remains one of the most significant, if not the most significant, use. Ships are the most important means of transporting goods between States. Around 90 per cent, by weight, of all international trade is seaborne, being transported by some 50,000 merchant ships. 1 As

in The law of the sea
Edward Robertson
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
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Film Music, Time and Bernard Herrmann
David Butler

The tendency in most writing on the temporal properties of film music has been to note music‘s ability to establish, quickly and efficiently, a films historical setting. Although acknowledging this important function, this paper seeks to explore a wider range of temporal properties fulfilled by film music. Three aspects of musics temporality are discussed: anachronism (whereby choices of anachronistic music can provide the spectator with ways of making sense of a films subtext or its characters’ state of mind), navigation (the ability of music to help the spectator understand where and when they are in a films narrative) and expansion (musics ability to expand our experience of film time). The paper focuses on Bernard Herrmann, and his score for Taxi Driver (1976), and argues that Herrmann was particularly sensitive to the temporal possibilities of film music.

Film Studies
Bert Ingelaere

assemblage was guided by a specific contextual element: the legal and institutional framework that came into being following the genocide. The Effectual Truth But the legal and institutional framework was not the only contextual element at work in the gacaca assemblage. A specific code of conduct – expressive form – defined and still defines the nature of social navigation in society. Speech acts did not only correspond to reality in the traditional organisation of Rwandan society. The word was a means to an end, not so much an end in itself. From a Judeo

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Gender Norm Change during Displacement?
Michelle Lokot (accessed 26 October 2015 ). Utas , M. ( 2005 ), ‘ Victimcy, Girlfriending, Soldiering: Tactic Agency in a Young Woman’s Social Navigation of the Liberian War Zone ’, Anthropological Quarterly , 78 : 2 , 403 – 30

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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The law of the sea is an up-to-date and comprehensive treatment of this branch of public international law. It begins by tracing the historical origins of the law of the sea and explaining its sources, notably the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. This is followed by chapters examining the various maritime zones into which the sea is legally divided, namely internal waters, the territorial sea, archipelagic waters, the contiguous zone, the continental shelf, the exclusive economic zone, the high seas and the International Seabed Area. In each case the legal nature of the zone and its physical dimensions are analysed. Separate chapters deal with the baselines from which the breadths of most maritime zones are delineated and the law governing the delimitation of boundaries between overlapping maritime zones. Later chapters discuss how international law regulates the safety of navigation, fisheries and scientific research, and provides for protection of the marine environment from pollution and biodiversity loss. The penultimate chapter addresses the question of landlocked States and the sea. The final chapter outlines the various ways in which maritime disputes may be settled. Throughout the book detailed reference is made not only to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, but also to other relevant instruments, the burgeoning case law of international courts and tribunals, and the academic literature.

‘Working the ground’ in Scotland

Ethnographies of labour at sea must examine the experience of that labour, rather than contemplate the commodities that are produced, or resort to trite metaphors about watery 'flow' and 'immersion' This book takes up a labour-centred Marxist approach to human-environment relations, place and language, human-machine relations, technique and technology, political economy and violence. It explores how fishers make the sea productive through their labour, using technologies ranging from wooden boats to digital GPS plotters to create familiar places in a seemingly hostile environment. While most analyses of navigation assume that its purpose is orientation, virtually all navigation devices are used in techniques to solve the problem of relative position. Fishers frequently have to make impossible choices between safe seamanship and staying afloat economically, and the book describes the human impact of the high rate of deaths in the fishing industry. The lives of fishermen are affected by capitalist forces in the markets they sell to, forces that shape even the relations between fishers on the same boat. The book also discusses techniques people used to extend their bodies and perceptual abilities, the importance of controlling and delicately manipulating these extensions and the caring relationships of maintenance boats and machines required. A 'new anthropology of labour' and a 'decolonised anthropology dispenses with the disciplinary emphasis on the "outside" of capitalism and encompasses the dynamism and interconnections of global society'.

Rethinking navigation
Penny McCall Howard

18 4 From ‘where am I?’ to ‘where is that?’ Rethinking navigation In February, 6.30 a.m. is still very dark in the north of Scotland. Alex, the skipper of the boat we were tied up to, was dropped off on the Gairloch pier by his visiting fiancée. Muttering ‘I hate getting started late!’, he climbed down to his boat, quickly turned on lights, cast off docklines, started the engine and then loudly revved it to show his impatience with the other boats still tied up outside him. Five trawlers left the pier at the same time, lights blazing, headed out to the grounds

in Environment, labour and capitalism at sea
Navigational technologies and the experience of the modern mariner
Jessica K. Simonds

chapter explores how maritime security resources that embody politically charged discourses such as maps, and practical security guides are carried to sea. Through global seafarer engagement, these resources frame the consciousness behind the navigation of risk through the construction of insecure spaces, which provoke exceptional practice in the pursuit of safe transit. Merchant navy seafarers engage

in The Sea and International Relations
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Forms of translation in the work of Richard Hakluyt
Henry S. Turner

that we find exemplified in Hakluyt’s writing. Hakluyt as translator Richard Hakluyt is well known to early modernists, of course, for his magnum opus, The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffics, and Discoveries of the English Nation , published in London in one volume in 1589 and then again in a revised and expanded three-volume edition

in Formal matters