This book is a tribute to Enzo Mingione and his contribution to the fields of sociology and urban studies on the occasion of his retirement. It touches upon the processes of transformation of cities to the informal economy, from the Fordist crisis to the rediscovery of poverty, from the welfare state and welfare policies to migration and the transformation of work. These themes constitute the analytical building blocks of this book on the transitions that Western capitalist societies are undergoing. The book focuses on social foundations of Western capitalism, explaining how socio-economic and institutional complementarities that characterised postwar capitalism created relatively integrated socio-economic regimes, It has five thematic sections reflecting five areas of capitalism, the search interests of Enzo Mingione. The first discusses the transformations of global capitalism, addressing how capitalism works and how it changes. The second provides insights into the mechanisms of re-embedding, in particular how welfare policies are part of a societal reaction to capitalism's disruptive dynamic. The third addresses some main challenges that citizenship systems established in the post-war period have had to face, from the spread of new employment regimes to new migratory flows. The fourth addresses cities and their transformation and the final section addresses poverty and its spatial dimension as a crucial lens through which to understand the differentiated impact of the processes of change in Western capitalist societies, both in socio-economic and spatial terms.
The rest of the book
Neoliberal capitalism is a class-based political project undertaken to more favorably position business in its struggle to enhance the conditions for profitability—a project that reaches deeply into the weave of social and ecological life. It involves both the increasing role of money and markets in the determination of life chances and the systematic push of corporations—as bearers of neoliberal reason and as beneficiaries of neoliberaltransformations—into previously protected spheres of life. Each of the chapters
Life in America has been transformed over the past thirty-five years. Using a
historical materialist framework, the authors argue that what appear today as
fragmented social, economic, environmental, and political problems are all
manifestations of neoliberalism – a class-based political project to position
capital more favourably in its struggle to preserve the conditions for
accumulation. This project reaches deeply into the weave of biological,
ecological, and social life. It involves both the increasing role of money and
markets in the determination of life chances, and the systematic push of
corporations into previously protected spheres of life. Emphasizing Martha
Nussbaum’s question “What does a life worthy of human dignity require?”, each
chapter of this book (covering work, the environment, health, education, and
politics) analyses a cornerstone of human development that had previously been,
to varying degrees, protected from the logic of the capitalist market. This book
examines how US business successfully increased control over, privatized, or
commodified each of these areas, amounting to a neoliberal transformation of
lived experience. Neoliberalism has far-reaching and troubling consequences for
the potential of people in the US to live a full and flourishing life. The final
chapter provides an evaluation of the claim that the election of Donald Trump to
the US presidency represents a rupture in neoliberal politics.
wealth and yet never seemed to miss or desire them. For my part, the seemingly endless offering of biscuits and cakes, punctuated by plentiful cups of tea, was already unimagined riches to my seven-year-old self.
This personal experience informs a crucial further claim advanced in this book: the working class is injured just as much, if not more so, by lack of political recognition as by economic deprivation. This is a central plank of the neoliberaltransformation: that working-class practices of solidarity are dissolved within the social ideology of individualized
Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.
, sexism, and the neoliberaltransformation of society, for
instance, then these theories have made far less impressive contributions.
The second set of concerns were more ‘political’ in the conventional sense,
insofar as they addressed, amongst other things, the way in which liberal (and
especially luck) egalitarians have positioned themselves in relation to their ideological opponents. Following the halcyon days of social welfarism, a New Right
(or more broadly, neoliberal) onslaught has succeeded to a large extent in
redefining the terms of citizenship and the
facilitate the transfer of wealth and power to the already-wealthy and powerful, asks us to see, comprehend, and treat nature as a matrix of commodified or commodifiable values, each infinitely divisible and exchangeable for every other.
Neoliberalism's transformation of the ways society and nature organize and constitute one another can be seen most clearly through changing patterns of property relations and rights, including new forms of state-mediated access to nature's “sources” and “sinks,” the emergence of new, environmentally related
to re-envisage egalitarian citizenship in such a way that it can pose a challenge to the neoliberaltransformation of society and contest the substantial structural inequalities –
economic, sexual and ethnic, to name a few – which that project conceals. As
Petersen et al. (1999: 2) put it, the ideal of citizenship is of crucial importance as
‘a site for exploring the meanings and limits of liberal democratic participation
and for contesting the imperatives of neo-liberal rule’. Rather than rejecting the
language of citizenship, Part II investigates the
connection between the reassertion
of the responsible and prudent individual, and the neoliberaltransformation of
the state, with its accompanying reining back of social provision and naturalisation of inequality (for an excellent recent account of moral regulation in terms
of welfare reform, poverty and the state, see Chunn and Gavigan 2004).
The fundamentally normative basis of the idea of responsibility is similarly
evident in luck egalitarian theory. Dworkin makes no discernible attempt to
ground a satisfactory causal notion of responsibility and ends up simply