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Epistemological finitude or infinite freedom?
Peter Triantafillou

3 Neoliberalism: Epistemological finitude or infinite freedom? Introduction This chapter addresses the intellectual underpinnings of contemporary reforms in liberal democracies seeking to enhance accountability, credibility and evidence in the conduct of government. The chapter has two overall arguments, a conceptual one and an empirical one. Conceptually, it is argued that we may overcome some of the shortcomings of existing ways of analysing contemporary neoliberalism by analysing it in terms of a particular way of problematising government, rather than as a

in Neoliberal power and public management reforms
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Work, politics, nature, and health in the contemporary United States

Life in America has been transformed over the past thirty-five years. Using a historical materialist framework, the authors argue that what appear today as fragmented social, economic, environmental, and political problems are all manifestations of neoliberalism – a class-based political project to position capital more favourably in its struggle to preserve the conditions for accumulation. This project reaches deeply into the weave of biological, ecological, and social life. It involves both the increasing role of money and markets in the determination of life chances, and the systematic push of corporations into previously protected spheres of life.

Emphasizing Martha Nussbaum’s question “What does a life worthy of human dignity require?”, each chapter of this book (covering work, the environment, health, education, and politics) analyses a cornerstone of human development that had previously been, to varying degrees, protected from the logic of the capitalist market. This book examines how US business successfully increased control over, privatized, or commodified each of these areas, amounting to a neoliberal transformation of lived experience. Neoliberalism has far-reaching and troubling consequences for the potential of people in the US to live a full and flourishing life. The final chapter provides an evaluation of the claim that the election of Donald Trump to the US presidency represents a rupture in neoliberal politics.

This book shows that neoliberalism is a complex phenomenon that is linked to public administration and management in no straightforward manner. The key problem for critical neoliberalism is how the state can and should govern in a situation of epistemological finitude without infringing on individual freedom. The book explores neoliberalism first in terms of a critical problematisation of government and then in terms of a constructivist problematisation. Over the last two or three decades, the public sectors of many liberal democracies have seen a tremendous surge of reforms, programmes and policies seeking to promote accountability, credibility and evidence. These include the institutionalisation of ever more sophisticated performance-measurement systems and the accreditation of institutions providing key public services. The ambition is to move from a rule-based to a result-based public sector. The book examines how performance auditing of state and other public institutions has become increasingly important in most OECD countries. It discusses the general shifts in the regulative ideals informing the making of the civil-servant persona in liberal democracies. The quest for accountability, credibility and the use of evidence in the public administration are examples of a more or less new form of power. This form of power is in turn informed by what the author calls 'constructivist neoliberalism'.

Propaganda and finance in Al Qaeda and Islamic State
Author: Imogen Richards

Few social and political phenomena have been debated as frequently or fervidly as neoliberalism and neo-jihadism. Yet, while discourse on these phenomena has been wide-ranging, they are rarely examined in relation to one another. In response, Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism examines political-economic characteristics of twentieth and early twenty-first-century neo-jihadism. Drawing on Bourdieusian and neo-Marxist ideas, it investigates how the neo-jihadist organisations, Al Qaeda and Islamic State, engage with the late modern capitalist paradigm of neoliberalism in their anti-capitalist propaganda and quasi-capitalist financial practices. An investigation of documents and discourses reveals interactions between neoliberalism and neo-jihadism characterised by surface-level contradiction, and structural connections that are dialectical and mutually reinforcing. Neoliberalism here is argued to constitute an underlying ‘status quo’, while neo-jihadism, as an evolving form of political organisation, is perpetuated as part of this situation.

Representing differentiated, unique, and exclusive examples of the (r)evolutionary phenomenon of neo-jihadism, AQ and IS are demonstrated in Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism to be characteristic of the mutually constitutive nature of ‘power and resistance’. Just as resistance movements throughout modern history have ended up resembling the forms of power they sought to overthrow, so too have AQ and IS ended up resembling and reconstituting the dominant political-economic paradigm of neoliberalism they mobilised in response to.

Imogen Richards

Dialectical engagements between neoliberalism and neo-jihadism correspond to a history of Western economic development and to neoliberal philosophies and policies that have yielded undesirable social, political, and economic outcomes. In this chapter, I outline a number of philosophies and policies that are subject to widespread criticism and that have been variously intersectional with the GWOT and neo-jihadism. Superficial contradictions in the political economy of neo-jihadist organisations’ propaganda and practice are apparent, and neoliberalism also

in Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

, suggests that the promotion of self-reliance through vocational training and entrepreneurship programmes has become the new neoliberal mantra also among refugee-supporting agencies, policymakers and different humanitarian actors ( Easton-Calabria and Omata, 2018 ; Turner, 2019 ; Richey and Brockington, 2020 ). Yet, little attention has been devoted to exploring how the discourse of entrepreneurship is mobilised for the presumed benefit of refugee women in the realm of humanitarian governance, here

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Martin Upchurch and Darko Marinković

4 Neo-liberalism imposed We cannot fully understand societal and economic development in Serbia without assessing the role of external agencies. Most notably, the international financial institutions (IFIs) have influenced economic policy in both the old Yugoslavia and then Serbia for more than three decades. We have shown elsewhere the debt burden gathered in Yugoslavia under the Tito and Marković regimes and how commentators have suggested that this debt burden was a major cause of the subsequent break-up of Yugoslavia into separate states (Woodward, 1995

in Workers and revolution in Serbia
Paul Routledge and Andrew Cumbers

5217P GLOBAL JUSTICE-PT/lb.qxd 1111 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 10111 11 12 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 1 42111 13/1/09 19:59 Page 1 1 Neoliberalism and its discontents A new global ‘movement’ has arisen over the past decade to confront global capitalism. The emergence of what has been termed the global justice movement (GJM) is the most significant development in counter-systemic politics (Wallerstein, 2002) since the end of the Cold War. In the wake of the ‘End of History’ pronouncements (Fukuyama, 1992), celebrating the

in Global justice networks
Contradictions and concerns
Valerie Bryson

T HE PREVIOUS CHAPTER addressed the male-centric nature of liberal and neoliberal economic theory and practice. This chapter focuses more directly on the implications for feminist politics. I start by looking briefly at some of the most visible forms of feminism in the west and their roots in liberal ideas around equal rights. I then address neoliberalism’s alleged ‘seduction’ of feminism and the consequences of this. In the final section I use the UK as a case study to argue that the incompatibilities between feminism and neoliberalism help explain why

in The futures of feminism
Lepage and Ex Machina’s futures
Karen Fricker

6 Neoliberalism, authorship, legacy: Lepage and Ex Machina’s futures I began the previous chapter by identifying an ongoing theme in Lepage’s work: the relationship between art and commerce. Since approximately 2007 this theme has been joined by a related one­– ­legacy. In The Blue Dragon Pierre Lamontagne becomes a father, and the play’s three endings, played in sequence, present different outcomes of how the baby might be parented: by Pierre and the child’s birth mother, Xiao Ling; by adoptive mother Claire; or by Claire and Xiao Ling together, with Pierre

in Robert Lepage’s original stage productions