Life in America has been transformed over the past thirty-five years. Using a
historical materialist framework, the authors argue that what appear today as
fragmented social, economic, environmental, and political problems are all
manifestations of neoliberalism – a class-based political project to position
capital more favourably in its struggle to preserve the conditions for
accumulation. This project reaches deeply into the weave of biological,
ecological, and social life. It involves both the increasing role of money and
markets in the determination of life chances, and the systematic push of
corporations into previously protected spheres of life. Emphasizing Martha
Nussbaum’s question “What does a life worthy of human dignity require?”, each
chapter of this book (covering work, the environment, health, education, and
politics) analyses a cornerstone of human development that had previously been,
to varying degrees, protected from the logic of the capitalist market. This book
examines how US business successfully increased control over, privatized, or
commodified each of these areas, amounting to a neoliberal transformation of
lived experience. Neoliberalism has far-reaching and troubling consequences for
the potential of people in the US to live a full and flourishing life. The final
chapter provides an evaluation of the claim that the election of Donald Trump to
the US presidency represents a rupture in neoliberal politics.
Neoliberalism: Epistemological finitude or
This chapter addresses the intellectual underpinnings of contemporary
reforms in liberal democracies seeking to enhance accountability, credibility and evidence in the conduct of government. The chapter has two
overall arguments, a conceptual one and an empirical one. Conceptually, it
is argued that we may overcome some of the shortcomings of existing ways
of analysing contemporary neoliberalism by analysing it in terms of a particular way of problematising government, rather than as a
Few social and political phenomena have been debated as frequently or fervidly as neoliberalism and neo-jihadism. Yet, while discourse on these phenomena has been wide-ranging, they are rarely examined in relation to one another. In response, Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism examines political-economic characteristics of twentieth and early twenty-first-century neo-jihadism. Drawing on Bourdieusian and neo-Marxist ideas, it investigates how the neo-jihadist organisations, Al Qaeda and Islamic State, engage with the late modern capitalist paradigm of neoliberalism in their anti-capitalist propaganda and quasi-capitalist financial practices. An investigation of documents and discourses reveals interactions between neoliberalism and neo-jihadism characterised by surface-level contradiction, and structural connections that are dialectical and mutually reinforcing. Neoliberalism here is argued to constitute an underlying ‘status quo’, while neo-jihadism, as an evolving form of political organisation, is perpetuated as part of this situation. Representing differentiated, unique, and exclusive examples of the (r)evolutionary phenomenon of neo-jihadism, AQ and IS are demonstrated in Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism to be characteristic of the mutually constitutive nature of ‘power and resistance’. Just as resistance movements throughout modern history have ended up resembling the forms of power they sought to overthrow, so too have AQ and IS ended up resembling and reconstituting the dominant political-economic paradigm of neoliberalism they mobilised in response to.
Over the course of the past twenty-five years, as neoliberal economics has transformed the geopolitical landscape, monsters have overrun popular culture. This book explores literary, televisual, filmic and dramatic works from distant and diverse countries. It traces the vampire's evolution from the nineteenth-century past of industrial capitalism to the neoliberal present's accelerated violence and corrupt precarity, and discusses the NBC television mini-series Dracula, perfectly encapsulating our own post-recessionary subjectivity. The book addresses state capitalism but turns readers' attention away from the vampire and towards the ghost, focusing on the ways in which such spectral figures have come to dominate new German theatre. On the biotechnology sector, the book presents three examples: cinematic depictions of the international organ trade in Asia, the BAFTA award winning three-part series In the Flesh broadcast in BBC3, and literary representations of the dehumanised South African poor. The book moves from the global to the local, and charts the ways in which post-2006 house owners are trapped in the house by the current economic situation, becoming akin to its long-term resident ghosts. The ghost estates, reanimated and reimagined by the Irish artists and film-makers, are shown to embody the price paid locally for failures in global economic policy. The preoccupation with states of liminality is encapsulated by showing that the borders of the nation state have become a permeable membrane. Through this membrane, the toxic waste of first world technology seeps out alongside the murderous economic imperatives of the neoliberal agenda.
This book shows that neoliberalism is a complex phenomenon that is linked to public administration and management in no straightforward manner. The key problem for critical neoliberalism is how the state can and should govern in a situation of epistemological finitude without infringing on individual freedom. The book explores neoliberalism first in terms of a critical problematisation of government and then in terms of a constructivist problematisation. Over the last two or three decades, the public sectors of many liberal democracies have seen a tremendous surge of reforms, programmes and policies seeking to promote accountability, credibility and evidence. These include the institutionalisation of ever more sophisticated performance-measurement systems and the accreditation of institutions providing key public services. The ambition is to move from a rule-based to a result-based public sector. The book examines how performance auditing of state and other public institutions has become increasingly important in most OECD countries. It discusses the general shifts in the regulative ideals informing the making of the civil-servant persona in liberal democracies. The quest for accountability, credibility and the use of evidence in the public administration are examples of a more or less new form of power. This form of power is in turn informed by what the author calls 'constructivist neoliberalism'.
Dialectical engagements between neoliberalism and neo-jihadism correspond to a history of Western economic development and to neoliberal philosophies and policies that have yielded undesirable social, political, and economic outcomes. In this chapter, I outline a number of philosophies and policies that are subject to widespread criticism and that have been variously intersectional with the GWOT and neo-jihadism.
Superficial contradictions in the political economy of neo-jihadist organisations’ propaganda and practice are apparent, and neoliberalism also
In Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism , AQ and IS’s propaganda and finance are analysed through a lens of Bourdieusian theory and with reference to a neo-Marxist interpretation of neoliberalism. Ideological and philosophical tenets of Marxist-Leninism are relevant to the historical dimension of this book’s investigation, including the evolution of neo-jihadism since the formation of AQ in 1988, at the close of the Cold War (Burke 2004). Marxist theory has long been the dominant epistemological critique of capitalism, and neo-Marxist ideas are a foundational
In contemporary culture the
omnipresence of vampirism coincides with a specific kind of
subjectivity produced under neoliberal capital. Taking a cue from
Noémi Szécsi’s The Finno-Ugrian Vampire
( 2012 ), vampirism becomes a way of life:
‘You must suck out their blood before they suck out
yours’ (Szécsi, 2012 : 4). In
this chapter I will
International Marine Organization abandoned its regulatory efforts.
The universe of the superyacht—with a tiny elite competing for status and prestige with one another, holding almost complete power over a dependent and subservient workforce, and operating in a regulatory void—is partially a result of many of the practices falling under the banner of “the neoliberal,” while it simultaneously holds within it the image of a neoliberal utopia. The class divisions that make the superyacht possible, the making of a world in its image, and the consequences
Capitalising (on) ghosts in German postdramatic theatre
European theatre has long been
preoccupied with the spectralising and dehumanising effects of
postmodern and neoliberal economics, commerce, and labour relations.
This thematic focus can potentially be explained by the structural
importance of performances and performativity they both share. In
his landmark study of 1999 entitled Postdramatisches Theater