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The politics of consultation in Britain and Australia
Author: Rob Manwaring

This book attempts to understand how two sister centre-left parties, the British Labour Party and the Australian Labor Party (ALP), have sought to adapt to the modern era and effect changes. It identifies and examines a range of drivers for Labour's desire to experiment and find new forms of citizen engagement. Linked to the influence of the New Social Democracy (NSD) is the lingering legacy of the new public management (NPM) reforms implemented in the public sectors in both countries. For Labour, democratic renewal is an attempt to secure wider legitimacy in neoliberal settings; similarly, the NSD is also linked to the debates about the perceived shift from government to governance. The NSD has attempted to respond to these debates and in Britain a concerted effort has been made to reformulate the role of the state and, by extension, civil society. The book examines how far the NSD has influenced Labour governments in Britain and Australia. It establishes Labour's interest in democratic renewal, specifically, the role of political participation and civic engagement in the wider context of democratic theory. Given that the NSD calls for an 'active citizenry', this is important. A central motif of democratic theory is an ambivalence about the role of political participation in a modern liberal democratic polity. The book explores how far New Social Democratic governments in Britain and Australia have been successful in seeking to link new forms of public dialogue to existing democratic decision-making processes in the modern western world.

Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

imperatives of the New Public Management. And NGOs used these reforms to accelerate the professionalisation of the aid sector ( Fiori et al ., 2016 ). But at the turn of the millennium, there were indications of a downturn in the influence of humanitarian ideas on Western geostrategy. The strategic value of humanitarian intervention diminished as the US launched its totalising war on terror. Humanitarianism was little more than an afterthought to the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. Since then, despite the continued rise in donations to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Service–consumer
Nanna Mik-Meyer

introduction to the consequences of integrating market principles in welfare work. New Public Management and New Public Service Ever since NPM was introduced more systematically as a management technology in Western countries in the 1980s, there has been an expansion of researchers examining how market values have affected welfare work and the encounters with citizens (e.g., DeLeon and Denhardt 2000; Fountain 2001; Clarke et al. 2007; Jos and Tompkins 2009). A recurring theme in these studies is how the market context has increasingly transformed the citizen of the state or

in The power of citizens and professionals in welfare encounters
Chris McInerney

naïve assumption, at worst, an excuse to preserve the existing status quo. Against this backdrop, some of the main elements of the ‘war of ideas’ in public administration are looked at, particularly the competing ideals expressed in the New Public Administration (NPA) movement as opposed to the more pervasive practice of ‘New Public Management’ (NPM). Building on this, the chapter concludes with a discussion of some of the conceptual elements involved in advancing a social justice agenda within public administration. Taking a step back: perspectives on the state

in Challenging times, challenging administration
Christian Lo

municipal tasks that inform the goals of municipal policy development, I next provide an introduction to the multiple roles that the present-day municipal organization is working to fulfill. The third part introduces three interrelated narratives dominating the stories of recent developments within municipal leadership. These are the introduction of New Public Management (NPM) reforms, the aforementioned shift toward (network) governance, and finally, a narrative of the reduction of local government to mere implementers of national policy. Formal

in When politics meets bureaucracy
Nanna Mik-Meyer

This chapter addresses how the principles of bureaucracy, values of the market and norms from psychology influence welfare encounters in practice. Bureaucratic principles and new public management (NPM) may affect the welfare areas of employment and health more than, for instance, the welfare area of social work. The dominant principles and norms of powerful actors constitute the doxa of a field and thus affect which diagnoses are perceived as meaningful and legitimate. Diagnoses and other categorisation tools create a new way of perceiving and understanding a person, which also defines the way in which welfare staff ought to respond. The professional backgrounds and habitus of the welfare staff cause them to employ certain social categories and diagnoses when trying to solve the problems of citizens. Stress and depression were diagnoses, which were often brought into play when talking about what it meant to be busy or ill.

in The power of citizens and professionals in welfare encounters
Abstract only
Nanna Mik-Meyer

This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed on the preceding chapters of this book. The book focuses on how welfare workers and citizens translate and implement the principles of the bureaucracy, the values of the market and the norms from psychology in everyday welfare work. It analysis the three levels of power at play including 2-D level, 3-D level and 4-D level in the welfare encounters. The book introduces the reader to symbolic interactionism, because the tradition within sociology makes it possible to examine how welfare workers and citizens co-produce dominant powerful norms in the welfare encounter. It aims to draw attention to the techniques of new public management (NPM), such as efficiency, standards and benchmarks, as well as market values, such as service and courtesy, and business values, such as competition, choice, flexibility and respect for the entrepreneurial spirit.

in The power of citizens and professionals in welfare encounters
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Practice, institutionalization and disciplinary context of history of medicine in Germany
Ylva Söderfeldt and Matthis Krischel

perspectives that are helpful in understanding our research topics. Next, we will address the downsides that come from forced interdisciplinarity and culture clashes between the disciplines. These are further enhanced by the particular role of GTE as a humanities discipline within a medical faculty. Funding Today, at least some aspects of New Public Management have been almost universally adopted at European

in Communicating the history of medicine
Aeron Davis

Classics and become more professional, but that expertise is increasingly likely to be in economics and finance and in the practices of New Public Management. 5 They were financially literate technocrats first; with a knowledge of health, transport or welfare, second. It was the same with the 30 business leaders interviewed. There were some with evident expertise in their industry. Peter Simpson of Anglian Water had two chemistry degrees and had taken a variety of operational roles while working his way up. Francis Salway, who ran the property

in Reckless opportunists
The perils of promoting durable protection in cities of the south
Caroline Wanjiku Kihato and Loren B. Landau

demonstrate, the city reveals how humanitarian neutrality and the new public management drive to quantification and efficiency single out and essentialise the ‘refugee’ in ways that are likely to compromise efforts to promote human security and refugee agency. Humanitarian neutrality Much of the need for visibilisation comes from one of the humanitarian system's founding principles: neutrality. Debates continue on whether humanitarians are political actors and if humanitarians can reconcile the necessity of political engagement with

in Displacement