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John M. MacKenzie

4 Institutions of the bourgeois public sphere and new technologies The principal social characteristic of the British Empire in the nineteenth century was the emergence and phenomenal growth of the bourgeoisie. From the point of view of whites in both the territories of settlement and in the dependent colonies, empire became essentially a middle-class phenomenon, brought into being by the growth of the capitalist world economy. If some, but by no means all, governors were aristocrats, as were some at least of the senior military officers (particularly before the

in The British Empire through buildings
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Darryl Stellmach
,
Margaux Pinaud
,
Margot Tudor
, and
Larissa Fast

data in humanitarian settings (e.g. Duffield, 2016 ). What is more apparent is that innovation by itself cannot save life. Innovation only makes a qualitative impact on well-being when attendant, routine structures and practices such as administration, maintenance, funding and oversight make new technologies safe, scalable and sustainable ( Campo, 2021 ; Scott et al. , 2021 ). It is worth noting that innovation is not a new practice for humanitarians

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Duncan McLean

local actors and communities, a strong ethical aspect ties this issue together. The responsibility of humanitarian organisations to evaluate the impact of their presence, be it through the advent of new technologies, different forms of local engagement, or indeed the reflecting on their impact long after departure, remains ever pressing. Darryl Stellmach, Margaux Pinaud, Margot Tudor and Larissa Fast contribute the special section’s first paper, a review of the literature

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Social welfare for the twenty-first century

Social democracy has made a political comeback in recent years, especially under the influence of the ‘Third Way’. Not everyone is convinced, however, that ‘Third Way’ social democracy is the best means of reviving the Left's project. This book considers this dissent and offers an alternative approach. Bringing together a range of social and political theories, it engages with some contemporary debates regarding the present direction and future of the Left. Drawing upon egalitarian, feminist and environmental ideas, the book proposes that the social democratic tradition can be renewed but only if the dominance of conservative ideas is challenged more effectively. It explores a number of issues with this aim in mind, including justice, the state, democracy, new technologies, future generations and the advances in genetics.

Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell
and
Peter Hailey

role of government, developing protocols for data sharing, broadening participation, building buy-in at higher levels, the use of qualitative information, incorporating innovative ideas in analysis and new technology. Table 4 summarises these by case study. Table 4: Managing the influences, by country case study

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

she organises into three groups by the geographical regions they come from: South East Asians (from Cambodia, Burma and Thailand), Africans and the third group, comprising Iraqis, Iranians and Afghans. She discovers differences in their ability to use telecommunications technology (e.g. telephones, fax machines and mobile phones), depending on their countries of origin, suggesting that conflict, war or government surveillance hindered their abilities. Leung also observes that exposure to new

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Louise Beaumais

emergence of new technologies and the possibilities associated with them. These factors reinforce each other. At the end of the Second World War, quantification was presented as an advantage to incorporate the logic of ‘needs’, which quickly resulted in the adoption of mathematical standards as a prerequisite for any humanitarian intervention ( Glasman, 2020 ). The adoption of private-sector logics, based on the rationale of new public management (NPM), then

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

cautions against a ‘Northern’ perception of new technologies and how they are socially situated, and alerts us to how the existing literature tends to frame attributes, costs and trade-offs in a way far removed from the everyday reality of emergency situations. Similarly, concepts such as ‘data-double’ reflect the concerns of the Global North, such as identity theft ( Whitson and Haggerty, 2008 ). The ‘self as laboratory approach’ is concerned with how users

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sean Healy
and
Victoria Russell

, 2018 ), Syria ( Di Giovanni, 2018 ), among others – disinformation campaigns helped justify the closure of borders to refugees, deliberate violence against minorities and the lethal targeting of civilians and those assisting them, among other things. It is not difficult to imagine future scenarios elsewhere. While the risks of disinformation are not new, they have been greatly accelerated and augmented by new technologies and the social and political changes they have

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs