Bringing Africa to the Scottish public
Bryan S. Glass

Today’s world is dominated by bulletins constantly streaming across the internet. Newspapers, the source of everyman’s information for the better part of three hundred years, do not carry the same influence they did even sixty years ago. The first intruder was television, supplemented by cable networks in the 1980s. The mid- to late 1990s then brought the

in Scotland, empire and decolonisation in the twentieth century
Regina Uí Chollatáin

12 Newspapers, journals and the Irish revival Regina Uí Chollatáin The role of minority language media in a society where the minority is recognised as a national language for all – but is scarcely acknowledged in the general public forum – is unique in Europe and is central to understanding the evolution of the role of Irish language journalism in Ireland. As Romaine points out, Ireland is ‘the only European Union member state (apart from Belgium, which is officially trilingual in French, Dutch and German), where the percentage of the population claiming the

in Irish journalism before independence
Colette Gaiter

The Black Panther newspaper and revolutionary aesthetics Colette Gaiter The Black Panther Party (BPP) and the Maoist Chinese artists who created posters and visual images in the 1960s and 1970s spread political ideology through empathetic, simple and bold images of everyday people. Viewers of these images could actually see themselves as revolutionaries by identifying with their protagonists. Emory Douglas, the Minister of Culture, designer, illustrator and ‘revolutionary artist’ for the BPP, was ‘the Norman Rockwell of the ghetto’,1 portraying poor and working

in Art, Global Maoism and the Chinese Cultural Revolution
Paul Rouse

11 Newspapers, journalists and the early years of the Gaelic Athletic Association Paul Rouse Much has been written about the mutually-beneficial relationship which developed between newspapers and sport in the Victorian era in Britain. In general, this was an easy courtship and the construction of the Victorian sporting world was carried out amidst a whirl of free publicity. There were obvious mutual benefits of a sporting world full of heroic men (and the very occasional heroic women) performing almost mythical feats which were spun by the press and sold to

in Irish journalism before independence
Paddy Hoey

4 Sinn Féin and the life and death of the republican newspaper A community will evolve only when a people control their own communication. Frantz Fanon1 Irish republican newspapers and their roots The tradition of republican newspapers that stretches back to the United Irishmen remains active, despite the rapid spread of the Internet and mobile phones that has impacted on the mainstream media markets. An Phoblacht remains the highest-profile paper in the republican sphere, continuing an almost unbroken run of publication stretching back more than thirty years

in Shinners, Dissos and Dissenters
An ecological approach to rural cinema-going
Kate Bowles

This paper considers the impact of extra-filmic elements on the cultural decision-making behaviours of a small rural Australian cinema audience, focusing on the rural New South Wales village of Cobargo in the late 1920s. In considering how why such fragile rural picture show operations either failed or became successful, it is critical to take account of rural geographies, particularly in terms of early road development, and the nature and state of road bridges in flood-prone areas. The paper argues that these elements are part of a broad ecosystemic framework for cultural decision-making which can assist in our interpretation of early newspaper advertising and promotion for picture show programs.

Film Studies
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Gothic Fears, Cultural Anxieties and the Discovery of X-rays in the 1890s
Simon Avery

In 1895, the world of modern physics was effectively ushered in with the discovery of X-rays by the German physicist, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen. X-rays rapidly changed the ways in which the human body was perceived, and their discovery was documented and fiercely debated in scientific articles, newspaper reports, literary writings, cartoons and films. This article examines a range of these responses, both scientific and popular, and considers the particular significance of their repeated recourse to the Gothic and the uncanny as a means of expressing both excitement and disquiet at what the new X-ray phenomenon might mean.

Gothic Studies
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Seriality, Shortness and Dream of the Rarebit Fiend
Ruth Mayer

This article explores the transmedial seriality of Winsor McCay‘s newspaper comic strip Dream of the Rarebit Fiend (1904–24), tracking the narratives evolution from comic to trick film (Edwin S. Porter‘s The Dream of a Rarebit Fiend, 1906) and animation (McCays own Bug Vaudeville, 1921). In contrast to large parts of the critical response to McCay‘s work, this article does not fore ground the subversive and disruptive dimension of the Rarebit narratives. Instead, it reads both the graphic and filmic narratives as integral parts of the larger serialised culture of modernity, and as attempts to chart this reality, in order to make it navigable.

Film Studies
James Baldwin in Conversation with Fritz J. Raddatz (1978)
Gianna Zocco

This is the first English-language publication of an interview with James Baldwin conducted by the German writer, editor, and journalist Fritz J. Raddatz in 1978 at Baldwin’s house in St. Paul-de-Vence. In the same year, it was published in German in the weekly newspaper Die Zeit, as well as in a book of Raddatz’s conversations with international writers, and—in Italian translation—in the newspaper La Repubblica. The interview covers various topics characteristic of Baldwin’s interests at the time—among them his thoughts about Jimmy Carter’s presidency, his reasons for planning to return to the United States, his disillusionment after the series of murders of black civil rights activists in the 1960s and 1970s, and the role of love and sexuality in his literary writings. A special emphasis lies on the discussion of possible parallels between Nazi Germany and U.S. racism, with Baldwin most prominently likening the whole city of New York to a concentration camp. Due to copyright reasons, this reprint is based on an English translation of the edited version published in German. A one-hour tape recording of the original English conversation between Raddatz and Baldwin is accessible at the German literary archive in Marbach.

James Baldwin Review
Tim Snelson

This article focuses on a cycle of late 1960s true crime films depicting topical mass/serial murders. It argues that the conjoined ethical and aesthetic approaches of these films were shaped within and by a complex climate of contestation as they moved from newspaper headlines to best-sellers lists to cinema screens. While this cycle was central to critical debates about screen violence during this key moment of institutional, regulatory and aesthetic transition, they have been almost entirely neglected or, at best, misunderstood. Meeting at the intersection of, and therefore falling between the gaps, of scholarship on the Gothic horror revival and New Hollywood’s violent revisionism, this cycle reversed the generational critical divisions that instigated a new era in filmmaking and criticism. Adopting a historical reception studies approach, this article challenges dominant understandings of the depiction and reception of violence and horror in this defining period.

Film Studies