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Rethinking the nineteenth century
Editors: Andrew Smith and Anna Barton

This book addresses a number of concerns that have emerged in recent scholarship on the nineteenth century. It contributes to existing dialogues that consider how the nineteenth century can be thought about and critically rethought through literature and other kinds of textual production. The book offers a theoretical consideration of the concept of the nineteenth century by considering Walter Benjamin's famous work The Arcades Project, focusing on Arnold Bennett's entitled 'The Rising Storm of Life'. It outlines how recent developments in Gothic studies have provided new ways of critically reflecting upon the nineteenth century. The book draws attention to the global scope of Victorian literature, and explores the exchanges which took place between Indian and British cultures. It argues that attending to the fashioning of American texts by British publishers enables people to rethink the emergence of American literature as a material as well as an imaginative phenomenon. The relationship between literature and the European anatomical culture is carried out by exploring nineteenth-century narratives from Mary Shelley's Frankenstein in the first decades of the nineteenth-century to Charles Dickens's fiction in the 1860s. Historical fiction writers' persistent fascination with the long nineteenth century enacts a simultaneous drawing near to and distancing from the period, the lives of its inhabitants and its cultural icons, aesthetic discourses and canonical works. Adaptive practice in the neo-Victorian novel, applied both to Victorian literary precursors and the period more generally, may be better described as adaptive reuse or, perhaps appropriative reuse.

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Andrew Smith and Anna Barton

Nineteenth-Century Scholarship (NINES) has been developed as a peer-reviewed platform to support the digitisation of nineteenth-century archival materials and scholarship. 5 Research into the nineteenth century has also been supported by a number of book series including those published by university presses such as Cambridge, Chicago, Virginia, Ohio State and the State University of New York. Other notable series include those published by Palgrave Macmillan and Ashgate. This current volume takes its place within a new

in Interventions
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Timothy Reuter

1958 is a good sceptical guide to the elaborate theories of nineteenth-century scholarship about the existence of ‘lost’ annals. 5 See Nelson 1991 : 6-13. 6 AF were used by, among other authors, Hermann the Lame, Adam of Bremen, the Annalista Saxo and Gobelinus Person; see

in The Annals of Fulda
The origins of the concept in Enlightenment intellectual culture
Nicholas Hudson

fully developed theory of oral tradition as delineated in our time by Milman Parry. In the last years of the eighteenth century, the German scholar F. A. Wolf buttressed Wood’s case for Homer’s orality with a historical investigation of language and poetry in ancient Greece. Wolf even dared to challenge belief in the existence of a single individual named ‘Homer’, paving the way for nineteenth-century discussions of the bardic tradition that composed and transmitted the epics under that name.51 From this nineteenth-century scholarship sprang Parry’s 251 The spoken

in The spoken word
John Schad

, for the measuring of time. Bourdin famously fails, succeeding only in blowing himself to pieces; but Bourdin’s fate might just make us wary of the Arcadist and his splitting of the atom of nineteenth-century time, wary of the ‘enormous energies of history’ that the Arcadist ‘liberates’. We should perhaps stand back, well clear. After all, observing from a safe distance and with due scholarly detachment is the way, or dream of nineteenth-century scholarship; as the Arcadist says, ‘history that showed things “as

in Interventions
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Alannah Tomkins

newspapers and the impact of policy upon reporting of medical issues are discussed at more length in relevant chapters, particularly Chapter 6. 116 A. Hobbs, ‘The deleterious dominance of The Times in nineteenth-century scholarship’, Journal of Victorian Culture 18:4 (2013), pp. 472–97, on pp. 472, 479; The Times would also have been a poor choice given its relative sparsity of non-political news, pp. 481, 484. 117 Nicholson, ‘Counting Culture’, p. 242. 118 J. Shaw, ‘Selection of newspapers’, British Library Newspapers (Detroit: Gale Cengage Learning, 2007); http

in Medical misadventure in an age of professionalisation, 1780–1890
Re-rebuilding the Pompeian Court of the Crystal Palace
Shelley Hales and Nic Earle

); Scharf, Pompeian Court, p. 51; p. 45. 15 S. Hales, ‘Re-casting Antiquity’, 108. 16 Conflations of 1854 and 1851 occur in, for example, P. Connor, ‘Cast Collecting in the Nineteenth Century: Scholarship, Aesthetics, Connoisseurship’, in G. W. Clarke (ed.), Rediscovering Hellenism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), p. 209. 17 P. Greenhalgh, ‘Education, Entertainment and Politics: Lessons from the Great International Exhibitions’, in P. Vergo (ed.), The New Museology (London: Reaktion Books, 2000), p. 76. On the way in which the denigration of play is

in After 1851
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Photographic encounters between Dutch and Indonesian royals
Susie Protschky

. 10 And yet the photographic exchanges between Central Javanese and Dutch royals were situated in an international context where a visual dialogue between Indigenous and European monarchs had been a standard component of imperial relations since the nineteenth century. Scholarship on this topic has revealed how visual encounters enabled Indigenous monarchs to exert agency over images of themselves and resist some colonial protocols of subordination. Sean Willcock has demonstrated how, by making uncooperative portrait-sitters, Indian rajas and

in Photographic subjects